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SOS e Voice For Justice & SOS e Clarion of Dalit
Thursday, 9 February 2017
Human Rights Vs Police
Topic: human rights , media

S.O.S   e - Voice For Justice - e-news weekly

Spreading the light of humanity freedom

Editor: Nagaraja.M.R.. Vol.13..Issue.07........18 / 02 / 2017

 



Torture Chambers of India

https://syednazakat.wordpress.com/2011/02/04/indias-secret-torture-chambers/ 

 

Editorial :   Human Rights  Vs  Police

  We  respect  , salute HONEST , Professional police officials who are sincerely doing their duties to uphold rule of law in india   24 hours X 365 days.  Many police police have sacrificed their lives  while protecting law , citizens at the hands of mafia , naxals & terrorists.  Ou whole hearted respects to them. Due to hard work , sacrifices of  our police &  military we common people are living peacefully and enjoying our rights , freedom  in india. The credit fully goes to them.

   Our legal struggle is against the few  corrupt police elements within the police force who use  illegal methods in league with criminals  to suppress commoners , innocents , aggrieved. Nowadays , commoners are meted out  injustices by   few  law enforcement officials themselves. In all such cases  , law enforcement officials show utter contempt towards of law of the land “Constitution of  India” and  orders of the “Supreme Court of India” with regards to HUMAN RIGHTS of a person . Therefore  such law enforcement officials are  anti nationals  and must be legally booked  for the contempt , criminal charges.

 Jai Hind. Vande Maataram.

 

Your’s ,

Nagaraja Mysuru Raghupathi

 


Hold officers responsible for caning: Karnataka HC

04th August 2016

BENGALURU:  The High Court on Wednesday observed that the officers who monitored the Mahadayi protest at Yamanur in Dharwad district and gave instructions to lathicharge villagers should also be held responsible, and not only the constables who did the caning.

Expressing displeasure at the way the police handled the Mahadayi protest at the village, Justice A N Venugopala Gowda asked the State Human Rights Commission (SHRC) to submit a report on police highhandedness by Friday.

He took the State Police Complaints Authority and Human Rights Commission to task for not initiating suo motu action against police excesses on innocent villagers. The judge wondered how the authorities of both the bodies become mute spectators despite the media exposing police atrocity.  

 

Police  Atrocities on  Farmers demanding  Mahadayi  water

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aL8caPLc-48  ,

http://widyom.tk/tag/Dharwad:%20Cops%20Brutally%20Lathicharge%20Farmers%20in%20Yamanur;%20DG%20&%20IGP%20Om%20Prakash%20Reacts  ,

 


Police must issue summons in writing: HC

TNN | Feb 14, 2012

 

MADURAI: The Madurai bench of the Madras high court on Monday ruled that "the police have no power to require a person to appear in the police station as a routine measure, without issuing summons for such appearance." The judge clearly stated that "on a cumulative reading of the provisions of the Code of Criminal Procedure, it is evident that the police have no authority to summon a person without issuing a notice in writing."

Justice K K Sasidharan made these observations while disposing a petition filed by Safurnissa who alleged that her husband, Sulaiman Sait was frequently directed to appear before the police without issuing notice, in the name of enquiry. They alleged that the police was ill-treating them during the course of investigation into the case of pipe bomb targeting BJP leader L K Advani.

"There is no dispute that the accused should not be permitted to avoid prosecution. However, under the guise of investigation, innocent persons should never be subjected to unnecessarily restraint or ill-treatment. The police have every right to require the attendance of a person, who according to them, would be in a position to give information with respect to a case under investigation," Justice Sasidharan said. He added that as per Section 160 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973, while conferring power on the police to summon a person, equally enjoins the police a duty to see that no person is ordered to appear before the police station without a summons. There should be proper records to show that a person was summoned to the police station in connection with a particular case or incident. The failure on the part of the police to maintain records alone gives them opportunity to use third degree methods and in the event of death during such custody or during the course of investigation, to destroy evidence and to escape from possible legal action.

"Policemen are also public servants. The fact that they are invested with certain powers under the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 does not mean that they are all above the law. They cannot expect people to abide by laws, unless they themselves act in accordance with the Code of Criminal Procedure and other relevant enactments," he added.

Justice Sasidharan pointed out that in case of arrest, the SC has given 11 directions to be followed by the police scrupulously. Hence, the police have to follow detailed guidelines while carrying out an arrest and handling the interrogation.

 


Traitors  in  Judiciary &  Police

https://www.scribd.com/document/329980170/Traitors-in-Judiciary-Police  ,

 

Crimes  by  Khaki

https://sites.google.com/site/sosevoiceforjustice/crimes-by-khaki 

 

FIRST  Answer  Judges  Police

https://www.scribd.com/document/336585411/FIRST-Answer-Judges-Police 

 

“There is a higher court than the court of justice and that is the court of conscience It supercedes all other courts. ”

- Mahatma Gandhi

 

 


SUPREME COURT DIRECTION ON ARREST

 

In view of the increasing incidence of violence and torture in custody, the Supreme Court of India (in D.K.Basu vs. State of West Bengal (1997) AIR 1997 SC 610) has laid down 11 specific requirements and procedures that the police and other agencies have to follow for the arrest, detention and interrogation of any person. These are:

1. Police arresting and interrogating suspects should wear “accurate, visible and clear” identification and name tags, and details of interrogating police officers should be recorded in a register.

2. A memo of arrest must be prepared at the time of arrest. This should  Have the time and date of arrest. be attested by at least one witness who may either be a family member of the person arrested or a respectable person of the locality where the arrest was made.  be counter-signed by the person arrested.

3. The person arrested, detained or being interrogated has a right to have a relative, friend or well-wisher informed as soon as practicable, of the arrest and the place of detention or custody. If the person to be informed has signed the arrest memo as a witness this is not required.

4. Where the friend or relative of the person arrested lives outside the district, the time and place of arrest and venue of custody must be notified by police within 8 to 12 hours after arrest. This should be done by a telegram through the District Legal Aid Authority and the concerned police station.

5. The person arrested should be told of the right to have someone informed of the arrest, as soon as the arrest or detention is made.

6. An entry must be made in the diary at the place of detention about the arrest, the name of the person informed and the name and particulars of the police officers in whose custody the person arrested is.

7. The person being arrested can request a physical examination at the time of arrest. Minor and major injuries if any should be recorded. The "Inspection Memo" should be signed by the person arrested as well as the arresting police officer. A copy of this memo must be given to the person arrested.

8. The person arrested must have a medical examination by a qualified doctor every 48 hours during detention. This should be done by a doctor who is on the panel, which must be constituted by the Director of Health Services of every State.

9. Copies of all documents including the arrest memo have to be sent to the Area Magistrate (laqa Magistrate) for his  record.

10. The person arrested has a right to meet a lawyer during the interrogation, although not for the whole time.

11. There should be a police control room in every District and State headquarters where information regarding the arrest and the place of custody of the person arrested must be sent by the arresting officer. This must be done within 12 hours of the arrest. The control room should prominently display the information on a notice board.

These requirements were issued to the Director General of Police and the Home Secretary of every State. They were obliged to circulate the requirements to every police station under their charge. Every police station in the country had to display these guidelines prominently. The judgment also encouraged that the requirements be broadcast through radio and television and pamphlets in local languages be distributed to spread awareness.

These requirements are in addition to other rights and rules, such as:

• The right to be informed at the time of arrest of the offence for which the person is being arrested.

• The right to be presented before a magistrate within 24 hours of the arrest.

• The right not to be ill-treated or tortured during arrest or in custody.

• Confessions made in police custody cannot be used as evidence against the accused.

• A boy under 15 years of age and women cannot be called to the police station only for questioning.

 



Can police search your house or office without a warrant in India?

By  Vasu Khera

 

Let’s start with a basic. What is a search warrant? A search warrant is a court order that a magistrate, Judge or Court issues that authorizes law enforcement officers to conduct a search of a person, location or vehicle for evidence of a crime and to confiscate illegal items or evidence of crime, if they find any. In order to get a search warrant, the police must convince a judge that there is evidence of a crime at that place and if the judge is convinced, he shall issue a warrant and the warrant must be very specific, as it should clearly state where exactly the search should take place, including a specific date and time. In India, Article 19 (Right to Freedom) and Article 20(3) (Protection against Self Incrimination) of the Indian Constitution give protection to the accused person against testifying against themselves which implies protection of citizens from unreasonable searches.

 

The power to issue search warrant should be exercised with all the care and circumstances. According to the provisions of the Criminal Procedure Code, search warrant can be issued under specific circumstances. Three of the circumstances are covered by section 93 which provides:

 

(a) Where a court has reason to believe that a person to whom a summons or order under section 91 or a requisition under sub-section (1) of section 92 has been addressed will not produce the document as required by such summon.(b) where such document or thing is not known to the court to be in the possession of any person, or(c) where the court considers that a general search will serve the purpose of any inquiry, trial or other proceeding under this code ,it may issue a search warrant.2. Where the court specifies in the warrant the particular place or part to which only the search shall extend.

3. Nothing contained in this section shall authorize any magistrate other than a district magistrate to grant a warrant to search for a document, parcel or another thing in the custody of the postal services.

 

4. A warrant for search of a place suspected to contain stolen property, forged document can be issued under section 94.

 

5. If any person is confined under such circumstances that the confinement amounts to an offence, a search warrant shall be issued for the person so confined. This has been provided by section 97.

 

The law usually makes an exception for hot pursuit as Section 165 of the code has been enacted as an exception to this general law of searches because it is recognized that in certain exceptional emergencies it is necessary to empower police officer to carry out searches without first applying to the courts for authority.

 

So, the answer of the question as to whether police can search your house without warrant is “Yes”. The police can enter your private residence or office without a warrant, but only under very limited circumstances.

 

The circumstances in which a police officer does not need a search warrant to conduct a search are stated in section 165, and these grounds are as follows:

1) Whenever an officer in charge of a police station or a police officer making an investigation has a reasonable grounds to believe that anything necessary for the purpose of an  investigation into any offence which he is authorized to investigate may be found in any place and that thing cannot in his opinion be obtained without undue delay without a search, such officer may search for such thing in any place within the limits of such station.

 

2) Police officer proceeding under sub section (1), shall if practicable, conduct the search in person.

 

3) If police officer is unable to conduct the search in person and there is no other person competent to make the search present at the time, he may, after recording in writing his reasons for so doing, require any officer subordinate to make the search and order him to search for such thing in such place.

 

4) If a police officer remained outside the house while the search was being made inside by some subordinate officer, the search was not held to be illegal.

 

5) Copies of any record made under sub section (1) shall be sent to the nearest magistrate empowered to take cognizance of the offence.

 

The question arose before the Hon’ble supreme court of India as to whether issuance of search warrant infringes fundamental rights and the Hon’ble apex court held AIR 1954 SC 300 that a search and seizure is only a temporary interference with the right to hold premises searched and the articles seized. Hence, no question of violation of Article 19 is involved. Also search and seizure of documents from accused does not amount to infringement of fundamental rights under Article 20(3) of the constitution.

 

As a search warrant is drastic invasion upon the privacy of a person, the code has imposed certain limitations upon this powers:

1) The document or the thing being searched for must be distinctly specified.

2) A magistrate other than a district magistrate or a chief judicial magistrate cannot issue a search warrant with a respect to a document of postal authority.

3) The magistrate must exercise his judicial discretion while issuing search warrant.

4) Search and seizure should be made in compliance with the provision to section 100 of Cr.P.C.

 

 

 

Unless the fact-pattern fits one of the exceptions discussed above, a warrant is required to police to conduct a search. But police may not use this as an arbitrary power  like as if the police search your home and a court says that the search was unlawful, any evidence they seized during search can’t be used against you in court and  some rights are given to an occupant like person can ask for identification and explanation as to why they are at your location and can also restrict the search to the area specified in the warrant or if they search in an area where they are not supposed to or not listed in the warrant then person can challenge the search.

 

However, in reality, police in India is known to use the power given in Section 165 in a very wide manner to fish for evidence in houses of any suspect or non-suspect, and sometimes even as a tool for harassment and oppression. Due to the general language of Section 165, police can first search your house on a whim and subsequently validate such search retrospectively if the Station In-Charge backs up the search.

 

It is not a good idea to restrict the police from searching if they demand to search your house or office even if they do not have an warrant to do so, since they can use force with impunity and later on justify the search under Section 165. They can also arrest you for obstruction of a police officer, which is an offence.

 

At best, you may demand that a police office be present during the search. You can also demand that respectable civilian people in the area be present during the search. Also, the police should prepare a seizure list and make you sign the same.

 

The real danger is that one may plant evidence against you during a search and police may use this against you in a case. This is why, if possible searches should be video recorded.

 

If search is not video recorded and it appears that evidence has been planted against you – the best recourse you have is in the court of law, and it is unlikely that you will be able to reason with the police.

 

It is possible to demand that your lawyer, if immediately available, be present during a search. In fact, it is a great idea to have a good lawyer present during a raid or search of your premises.

 

Prisoners' Rights

By HRLN

 

“The poor, illiterate and weaker sections in our society in our country suffer day in and day out in their struggle for survival and look to those who have promised them equality- social, political and economic…a very large number of under–trial prisoners suffer prolonged incarceration even in petty criminal matters merely for the reason that they are not in a position, even in bailable offences, to furnish bail bonds and get released on bail.”

Ex-Chief Justice of India Adarsh Sein Anand

November 1999

 

In India, eighty percent of the inmates in the jails are under trials. The major problems faced by these inmates are not only of not getting a trial but that of not being granted bail, inhuman treatment in jails, facing poor conditions, lack of proper medical treatment, etc. There are various statutes such as the Prisoners Act, 1894; the Model Manual Prison India, etc. and various precedents which have been laid down in landmark cases which provide for the rights which these prisoners are entitled to. However, the problem today lies not in the availability of these rights but in the implementation of these rights and precedents. We at HRLN, under the Prisoners Rights Initiative work towards helping these prisoners get their rightful treatment in the prisons, safeguard their access to a fair and speedy trial, facilitate bail procedures and work towards various other procedural requirements to ensure that these prisoners make efforts to only achieve reformation and don’t have to fight for their survival.

 

ISSUES OF CONCERN

 

80% prisoners are under trials

Even though bail is granted, prisoners are not released.

Lack or insufficient provision of medical aid to prisoners

Callous and insensitive attitude of jail authorities

Punishment carried out by jail authorities not coherent with punishment given by court.

Harsh mental and physical torture

Lack of proper legal aid

High amount of surety ordered by courts which indigent prisoners can’t pay

Rejection of surety bonds due to lack of money or verification of addresses, as indigent prisoners don’t have houses.

Corruption and other malpractices.

WHAT WE DO?

The Prisoners Rights Initiative, in confluence with advocates and social activists working all across India aim at getting prisoners released, especially indigent ones, who are or have been under going trials and have been languishing in the prison for a long period of time. For this purpose, we file bail applications, file for surety bonds and in cases where the indigent prisoners are unable to pay for the same, we provide for monetary assistance in collaboration with our other NGO initiatives.

 

Since, this initiative deals with problems faced by prisoners, our advocates regularly visit the jails and collect cases and case details from the prisoners.

Apart from providing assistance to prisoners to ensure their safe and timely releases, our constant endeavor is to aspire to safeguard the rights of these prisoners to a fair and speedy trial. So far, in Delhi prison itself, over 500 persons have been provided with legal advice/representation and over 200 indigent prisoners and 150 juveniles have been released on bail. Once the prisoners have been released, we aim at providing facilities to these prisoners so that they are able to get in touch with their family, we counsel them and their families and help these prisoners reach their homes safely by providing monetary assistance which is done with the help of our other partner NGOs.

Our advocates not only fight for indigent prisoners, but also women prisoners, prisoners with disabilities and juveniles We have filed various PILs in Maharashtra, West Bengal and Delhi and have managed to get successful releases of prisoners, inquiries ordered by Courts to look into the matters and provision of legal aid to these prisoners.

HRLN held a National Consultation Conference whereby all advocates and social activists working with various NGOs all across the country came together to discuss the main issues and plan of action to combat the grievances faced by prisoners.  The main of the conference was to establish an approach whereby legal teams would be instituted to make frequent visits to police station lock ups and prisons to provide legal advice and representation.

 

WHAT WE HAVE DONE

As per statistics, we at HRLN have taken up 841 cases so far. This is the number of cases that we have worked upon in eight states including Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Orissa, Delhi, West Bengal, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh. The total number of cases taken up until 2011 is 841, wherein the total number of bails granted is 738 which is highly indicative of our success rate. Our basic aim has been from the start to gradually achieve systemic change where legal aid for undertrials will be institutionalized from the point of arrest and the legal aid system substantially reformed and also to raise awareness of prison conditions and the problems faced by undertrials. We believe in the ideology to provide legal aid to indigent undertrials from the point of arrest. To release groups of undertrials who are languishing in jail beyond the maximum possible period of incarceration.

 

We at HRLN visit jails to have direct communication with the prisoners who have been in these prisons for years due to undertrial. During the jail visits these lawyers or paralegal worker meet the prisoners and under trails directly and not only provide legal aid but also identify areas for work to be done. Many juveniles those were languishing in adult jails were released or transferred to Juvenile Homes. It has been very stately presumed that prisoners have undergone poor upkeep even when they are extremely sick. At HRLN we make it an agenda to ensure that sick prisoners are provided with better treatment.

 

The prison is supposed to be for reformatory purpose. However the entire purpose fails when the supposed transformation is delayed for more than decades. With people who under trials, their reformation is extended to such long  period that their reformation indeed is extended to acute medical issues and these people are absolutely unfit to even survive as normal human beings.

 

Rights of Prisoners

http://shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/46512/12/12_chapter%204.pdf

 

Treatment And Protection Of Witnesses In India

By : Dhruv Desai  

 

Witness protection program and witness protection laws are simply the need of the hour. In fact, it is the absence of these laws that has helped in further strengthening the criminals and offenders. But ironically in India, such programs and laws are a far cry from reality, where leave alone protection, the witness is not even treated with respect or asked for water.

 

A criminal case is built upon the edifice of evidence that is admissible in law. For that, witnesses are required, whether it is direct evidence or circumstantial evidence. Today the witnesses are a harassed lot. Not only that the witness is bribed, threatened, abducted, even maimed or done away with. For all these reasons and many more, a person abhors from becoming a witness.

 

 

Treatment of Witnesses

The present judicial system has taken the witnesses completely for granted. Witnesses are summoned to the Court regardless of the fact that they have no money, or that they cannot leave their family, children, business etc. and appear before the Court. But that's not all. On reaching the Court, some are told that the case has been adjourned (for reasons that may run into infinity) and the respective lawyer politely gives them a further date for their next appearance.

 

In the matter of Swaran Singh v. State of Punjab, the Supreme Court observed,

"A witness has to visit the Court at his own cost, every time the case is differed for a different date. Nowadays it has become more or less fashionable to repeatedly adjourn a case. Eventually the witness is tired and gives up."

 

The Court further held that while adjourning a case without any valid cause, a Court unwittingly becomes party to miscarriage of justice.2 Most witnesses have to wait their turn out. And when their time for deposing or the giving of evidence comes, the lawyers examine and cross examine them as if they themselves are the perpetrators of the crime.

 

Perjury

Since the guilt of the accused is proved to a great extent on the basis of the evidence or the information given by such a witness, therefore perjury or the giving of false evidence has to be severely censured.

 

Perjury today has also become a way of life in the Courts. In some cases the judge knows that whatever the witness is saying is not true and is going back on his previous statement. The Judge here ignores this fact and does not even file a complaint against him.

 

Section 340 of the Criminal Procedure Code, 1972 states the procedure for the prosecution for contempt of lawful authority of the public servants, for the offences against public justice and for the offences relating to documents given in evidence.

 

 

Section 340(3) of Criminal Procedure Code states:

A complaint made under this section shall be signed-

a) Where the Court making the complaint is the High Court, by such officer of the High Court as the Court may appoint;

b) In any other case, by the presiding officer of the Court.

 

It is respectfully submitted that Section 340(3)(b) needs to be amended, empowering any officer of the Court to file a complaint against such witnesses, thereby putting an end to the notion of bought over or hostile witnesses.

 

The High Courts also have to be vigilant is these matters if the criminal justice system is to be put on a proper pedestal. The system cannot be left at the mercy of the state machinery. In today's computer age, it's about time that all lower courts are linked up with their respective High Courts with a computer. A proper check should be maintained on the adjournments and recording of evidence. Further, the Bar Council of India and the State Bar Councils must play their part and put the criminal justice system back on track.

 

Instances Where Witness Protection Was Provided

Naroda- Patia: Mohammad Shakur Sayyad, a victim of the Naroda-Patia carnage in the year 2002, who was also a key witness in that case, was attacked and beaten up brutally by a group of thirty people, while he was sitting outside his shop at the Faisal Park Society in Vatva. According to him Akram Ahmed, an anti social element of that locality while assaulting him along with other people of the abovementioned group was shouting "You are very fond of deposing before the Nanavati Commission, aren't you?"

 

Sayyad, who lost his three children in the Naroda-Patia massacre, had deposed before the Nanavati Commission on 1st October 2003 naming several persons in the mob. He is one of the key witnesses in the case and had also been provided with one police guard.

 

The guard however had retired for the day when Sayyad was attacked. The neighbours of Sayyad maintain that Akram Ahmed had been threatening others not to depose before the judiciary during the Naroda trial. About forty-five families of Naroda-Patia have refused to go back to the area after the riots.

 

What is shocking in this case is that such a key witness (in this case Sayyad), was provided with only one police guard who, surely, would have looked to save his own life rather than that of the witness he was protecting, when the crowd of thirty people attacked.

 

 

Ketan Thirodkar case:

In another instance, the Bombay High Court had given police protection to an ex-journalist Ketan Thirodkar, because he had been under threats soon after he had filed the police complaint, which disclosed a series of illegal acts allegedly committed by the police in connivance with the underworld. Thirodkar had filed a petition seeking police protection as well as a police enquiry into the police underworld nexus. However, the public prosecutor opposed the grant of police protection on the ground that Thirodkar himself was involved with the underworld.

 

Here the public prosecutor failed to comprehend the fact that:

a) Thirodkar has admitted his links with the underworld and is ready to face the legal consequences.

b) That even former criminals/ mobsters are also given police protection if they turn approver.

The High Court, in this case, had given Thirodkar police protection only for a limited period, not realizing that the persons that he is to implicate would cause serious injury to him the moment the temporary police protection is removed.

 

 

Twin Blast case:

The role of witnesses and the issue of their protection has come in for much discussion after Shivnarayan Pandey, the taxi driver who gave clues in the August 25th 2003 Twin Blast case had to be given extra protection by the Mumbai Police.

 

The identity of the witness (Pandey) in this case was leaked to the media by an inspector on the day of the blasts. This officer allegedly circulated Xerox copies of a document bearing the name of the witness and the registration number of his vehicle. A couple of days later, a crime branch officer is believed to have leaked his address in Kandivali- a distant Mumbai suburb- to the media persons.

 

The police had failed to realize that Pandey was an important prosecution witness in a very sensitive case. Since the police are yet to arrest more persons in regard to this case, Pandey is a crucial witness in identifying such persons. In such cases the police should take extra precaution and issue a circular or directive to all officers in the department to maintain silence on all the investigations.

 

In this case the Mumbai police have contravened Section 30 of the Prevention of Terrorism Act (POTA), by failing to protect the identity of the prosecution witness.

 

 

Section.30 of Prevention of Terrorism Act states:

"Since the life of the witness is in danger, adequate measures should be taken to keep the identity and address of such a witness a secret. The mention of the names and address of the witness should be avoided in any records of the case and even in the Court orders or judgment."

 

While Pandey had been kept at an undisclosed place with police guards, his family had not been given protection, whereas, it could have been possible that under the guise of a political activist, some terrorist could have approached Pandey or his family members. They could have bribed Pandey or his family members or for that matter done anything to make sure tat Pandey turns hostile.

 

The prosecution, in a large number of cases including the BMW and the Jessica Lal murder cases, beside the ones registered under the Terrorist and Disruptive Activities Act (TADA), 1987 has time and again failed due to the backing out of witnesses.

 

Time and again the prosecution in some of the most sensitive cases had failed because the witnesses, initially responsible for setting into motion the state machinery, had changed their mind when examined in the Court. This has happened in a majority of cases registered in many states under TADA.

 

In sensational cases like the BMW and the Jessica Lal murder cases; and most recently in the Best Bakery case, wherein the Human Rights Commission intervened when the witnesses changed their statements in the Court due to the lack of protection to them and their families. Whereas in the earlier cases (the BMW and Jessica Lal murder case) most of the eyewitnesses did not open up to pin point the possible reason which compelled them to change their original stand.

 

The fact is that the accused are able to intimidate the witnesses because there was and is no program available under which, after the assessment of the need for protection to a particular witness, the administration could give him/her the requisite security cover.

 

In April 2003 a High level Committee headed by Justice V.S. Malimath (former Chief Justice, High Court of Gujarat) was appointed by the Home Ministry to reform the existing criminal justice system. The Commission said that the time has come to enact a law putting in place a Witness Protection Program in India as well.

 

Recommending the Witness Protection Program, the Malimath Committee however did not focus on any particular case. It spoke generally of the need to check the growing trend of hostile witnesses.

The committee said nothing beyond making a bald recommendation of adopting such a law. It made no effort to go into how the concept of witness protection program can be adapted to the legal topography of India. It did not deal with the obvious issue whether witness protection program is a luxury that a poor country like India cannot afford.

 

Also, until our police officers are not liberated from the political diktats, as recommended by the National Police Commission over two decades ago, it is not worth our while to try witness protection program even in the gravest of cases.

 

Judicial Activism

In recent time the judiciary has been giving significant amount of encouragement to establishing witness protection programs in India.

 

In one such instance, the Delhi High Court, has on 14th October 2003, issued certain guidelines to the police in providing protection to the witnesses in cases pertaining to life imprisonment or death sentences. The ruling is an attempt to check witnesses from turning hostile under threats from the accused.

 

The guidelines have been issued by Usha Mehra and Pradeep Nandrajog., JJ on a petition filed by Neelam Kataria, whose son Nitesh was allegedly murdered by Rajya Sabha MP D.P. Yadav's son Vikas and nephew Vishal.

 

The Delhi High Court has given the following guidelines in giving witness protection:

1. The Court has also made it compulsory for the investigating officer of a case to inform the witness about the new guidelines.

2. The Court has appointed the Member Secretary of the Delhi Legal Services Authority to decide whether a witness requires police protection or not.

3. The competent authority shall take into account the nature of security risk to him/her from the accused, while granting permission to protect the witness.

4. Once the permission is granted, it shall be the duty of the Commissioner of Police to give protection to the witness.

 

The High Court said that its order would operate until legislation is passed in this regard.

 

Initiatives By The Police

With terrorist activities on the rise, the Mumbai police have formulated a four-point plan to protect vital witnesses in the bomb blasts and other sensitive cases. Though this plan is still under deliberation, it shall soon be sent to the State Government for its approval, after which it will be enacted as a law.

 

The abovementioned 4-point plan is made on the following guidelines:

1. Transferring the witness from his city of residence to another city.

2. Government will provide the witness with a job similar to the one he is/was doing.

3. The witness shall be given a new name, identification, ration card; and a new passport.

4. The government will accept the responsibility of the witness's entire family and provide it with security cover.

 

In other countries like America even plastic surgery of the witness for his new identity is considered as an option. However, the Mumbai police it seems has not thought about this. But as stated by Rakesh Maria (Additional Commissioner of Police, Crime), if need be, the police shall take it under consideration.

 

Therefore, a person who has given or has agreed to give information or evidence or participates or has agreed to give information or evidence or participates or has agreed to participate in a matter pertaining to inquiry into the investigation or prosecution of an offence and who may require protection because of the risk to the security of the person arising in relation to the inquiry, investigation or prosecution be given witness protection by the police. Which as observed from the above instances may include relocation, accommodation, and change of identity in order to ensure the security of the protectee or to facilitate the protectee's re-establishment or his/her becoming self-sufficient.

 

Conclusion

Today, under present circumstances, the Indian Government is evaluating the American laws pertaining to witness protection, where gang men after turning approver are given a new name and identity and relocated to a new place. In the USA, the Federal Witness Protection Program was created in response to the dangers faced by the witnesses who testified against mobsters. In a high threat environment including pre-trial conferences, trial testimonials and other court appearances, a round the clock protection is provided to all the witnesses through the U.S Marshall Service.

 

The Witness Protection Program has been in existence in the United States since 1967. It has so far been used to rehabilitate not more than eight thousand witnesses and their fifteen thousand family members. The American system employs witness protection program typically to help a mafiso who turned approver in the Court, whereas it also employs witness protection program to crack down on drug and international terrorist activities.

 

Recently Canada gave witness protection cover under its Witness Protection Act, 1996 to a Sikh woman, Satnam Kaur Reyat, who threw fresh light in theKanishka Bombing Case.

 

While the government is presently deliberating over making laws pertaining to hostile witnesses and laws for witness protection, it is imperative to note that witness protection program works on the premise that all the officials involved in the secret exercise of changing somebody's identity are absolutely trustworthy. The plain fact is that the level of professionalism demanded by the witness protection program is considered to be beyond the capability of our police in the existing system, making it as susceptible as it is to extraneous influences.

 

In a recent case, where an IIT engineer (Satyendra Dubey) who was working as a manager in the NAHI; and had filed complaints to the Prime Ministers' office, regarding the misappropriations in the prestigious Golden Quadrilateral Highway project, was murdered, simply because he had filed those complaints. Today, the National Human Rights Commission has taken note of the media reports into the 'Lapses' on part of the Bihar Police; and has asked it to submit a report explaining its failure to investigate the case properly3. Therefore, if the Prime Ministers' Office can be penetrated, it is little wonder, which other place cannot be.

 

Today, stringent laws against persons giving false evidence and against witnesses that turn hostile are very much the need of the hour. In many cases, it is on the basis of the evidence given by witnesses that the State initiates the prosecution process. However, during the trial of those accused, it is often the case that those witnesses (on the basis of whose evidence the prosecution was initiated), turn hostile. Resulting in the acquittal of the accused. An instance of such happening is available in the recent times, wherein, in trial of one Mr. Mukhtar Ansari (legislator- Bahujan Samaj Party, Lucknow), who was being tried for the murder of a Jail Superintendent (Mr. R.K Tiwari), was acquitted because all the witness in the case (36 in number) turned hostile. It could also perhaps be because of the inadequate protection given to the witnesses, because of which they were influenced to change their earlier statements. But either ways this case portrays the inadequacy of the present justice system in India.

 

It is therefore not a question of funds, as they could be generated in due time by some means or the other; but a question put to the integrity of the system upon which thrives the sustainability of the witness protection program as well as the life of the witness and his family.

 

Basic Principles for the Treatment of Prisoners

 

Adopted and proclaimed by General Assembly resolution 45/111 of 14 December 1990

 

1. All prisoners shall be treated with the respect due to their inherent dignity and value as human beings.

2. There shall be no discrimination on the grounds of race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.

3. It is, however, desirable to respect the religious beliefs and cultural precepts of the group to which prisoners belong, whenever local conditions so require.

4. The responsibility of prisons for the custody of prisoners and for the protection of society against crime shall be discharged in keeping with a State's other social objectives and its fundamental responsibilities for promoting the well-being and development of all members of society.

5. Except for those limitations that are demonstrably necessitated by the fact of incarceration, all prisoners shall retain the human rights and fundamental freedoms set out in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and, where the State concerned is a party, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the Optional Protocol thereto, as well as such other rights as are set out in other United Nations covenants.

6. All prisoners shall have the right to take part in cultural activities and education aimed at the full development of the human personality.

7. Efforts addressed to the abolition of solitary confinement as a punishment, or to the restriction of its use, should be undertaken and encouraged.

8. Conditions shall be created enabling prisoners to undertake meaningful remunerated employment which will facilitate their reintegration into the country's labour market and permit them to contribute to their own financial support and to that of their families.

9. Prisoners shall have access to the health services available in the country without discrimination on the grounds of their legal situation.

10. With the participation and help of the community and social institutions, and with due regard to the interests of victims, favourable conditions shall be created for the reintegration of the ex-prisoner into society under the best possible conditions.

11. The above Principles shall be applied impartially.

 

Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners

 

Adopted by the First United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, held at Geneva in 1955, and approved by the Economic and Social Council by its resolutions 663 C (XXIV) of 31 July 1957 and 2076 (LXII) of 13 May 1977

PRELIMINARY OBSERVATIONS

 

1. The following rules are not intended to describe in detail a model system of penal institutions. They seek only, on the basis of the general consensus of contemporary thought and the essential elements of the most adequate systems of today, to set out what is generally accepted as being good principle and practice in the treatment of prisoners and the management of institutions.

 

2. In view of the great variety of legal, social, economic and geographical conditions of the world, it is evident that not all of the rules are capable of application in all places and at all times. They should, however, serve to stimulate a constant endeavour to overcome practical difficulties in the way of their application, in the knowledge that they represent, as a whole, the minimum conditions which are accepted as suitable by the United Nations.

 

3. On the other hand, the rules cover a field in which thought is constantly developing. They are not intended to preclude experiment and practices, provided these are in harmony with the principles and seek to further the purposes which derive from the text of the rules as a whole. It will always be justifiable for the central prison administration to authorize departures from the rules in this spirit.

 

4. (1) Part I of the rules covers the general management of institutions, and is applicable to all categories of prisoners, criminal or civil, untried or convicted, including prisoners subject to "security measures" or corrective measures ordered by the judge.

 

(2) Part II contains rules applicable only to the special categories dealt with in each section. Nevertheless, the rules under section A, applicable to prisoners under sentence, shall be equally applicable to categories of prisoners dealt with in sections B, C and D, provided they do not conflict with the rules governing those categories and are for their benefit.

 

5. (1) The rules do not seek to regulate the management of institutions set aside for young persons such as Borstal institutions or correctional schools, but in general part I would be equally applicable in such institutions.

 

(2) The category of young prisoners should include at least all young persons who come within the jurisdiction of juvenile courts. As a rule, such young persons should not be sentenced to imprisonment.

 

Part I

 

RULES OF GENERAL APPLICATION

 

Basic principle

 

6. (1) The following rules shall be applied impartially. There shall be no discrimination on grounds of race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.

 

(2) On the other hand, it is necessary to respect the religious beliefs and moral precepts of the group to which a prisoner belongs.

 

Register

 

7. (1) In every place where persons are imprisoned there shall be kept a bound registration book with numbered pages in which shall be entered in respect of each prisoner received:

 

(a) Information concerning his identity;

 

(b) The reasons for his commitment and the authority therefor;

 

(c) The day and hour of his admission and release.

 

(2) No person shall be received in an institution without a valid commitment order of which the details shall have been previously entered in the register.

 

Separation of categories

 

8. The different categories of prisoners shall be kept in separate institutions or parts of institutions taking account of their sex, age, criminal record, the legal reason for their detention and the necessities of their treatment. Thus,

 

(a) Men and women shall so far as possible be detained in separate institutions; in an institution which receives both men and women the whole of the premises allocated to women shall be entirely separate;

 

(b) Untried prisoners shall be kept separate from convicted prisoners;

 

(c) Persons imprisoned for debt and other civil prisoners shall be kept separate from persons imprisoned by reason of a criminal offence;

 

(d) Young prisoners shall be kept separate from adults.

 

Accommodation

 

9. (1) Where sleeping accommodation is in individual cells or rooms, each prisoner shall occupy by night a cell or room by himself. If for special reasons, such as temporary overcrowding, it becomes necessary for the central prison administration to make an exception to this rule, it is not desirable to have two prisoners in a cell or room.

 

(2) Where dormitories are used, they shall be occupied by prisoners carefully selected as being suitable to associate with one another in those conditions. There shall be regular supervision by night, in keeping with the nature of the institution.

 

10. All accommodation provided for the use of prisoners and in particular all sleeping accommodation shall meet all requirements of health, due regard being paid to climatic conditions and particularly to cubic content of air, minimum floor space, lighting, heating and ventilation.

 

11. In all places where prisoners are required to live or work,

 

(a) The windows shall be large enough to enable the prisoners to read or work by natural light, and shall be so constructed that they can allow the entrance of fresh air whether or not there is artificial ventilation;

 

(b) Artificial light shall be provided sufficient for the prisoners to read or work without injury to eyesight.

 

12. The sanitary installations shall be adequate to enable every prisoner to comply with the needs of nature when necessary and in a clean and decent manner.

 

13. Adequate bathing and shower installations shall be provided so that every prisoner may be enabled and required to have a bath or shower, at a temperature suitable to the climate, as frequently as necessary for general hygiene according to season and geographical region, but at least once a week in a temperate climate.

 

14. All parts of an institution regularly used by prisoners shall be properly maintained and kept scrupulously clean at all times.

 

Personal hygiene

 

15. Prisoners shall be required to keep their persons clean, and to this end they shall be provided with water and with such toilet articles as are necessary for health and cleanliness.

 

16. In order that prisoners may maintain a good appearance compatible with their self-respect, facilities shall be provided for the proper care of the hair and beard, and men shall be enabled to shave regularly.

 

Clothing and bedding

 

17. (1) Every prisoner who is not allowed to wear his own clothing shall be provided with an outfit of clothing suitable for the climate and adequate to keep him in good health. Such clothing shall in no manner be degrading or humiliating.

 

(2) All clothing shall be clean and kept in proper condition. Underclothing shall be changed and washed as often as necessary for the maintenance of hygiene.

 

(3) In exceptional circumstances, whenever a prisoner is removed outside the institution for an authorized purpose, he shall be allowed to wear his own clothing or other inconspicuous clothing.

 

18. If prisoners are allowed to wear their own clothing, arrangements shall be made on their admission to the institution to ensure that it shall be clean and fit for use.

 

19. Every prisoner shall, in accordance with local or national standards, be provided with a separate bed, and with separate and sufficient bedding which shall be clean when issued, kept in good order and changed often enough to ensure its cleanliness.

 

Food

 

20. (1) Every prisoner shall be provided by the administration at the usual hours with food of nutritional value adequate for health and strength, of wholesome quality and well prepared and served.

 

(2) Drinking water shall be available to every prisoner whenever he needs it.

 

Exercise and sport

 

21. (1) Every prisoner who is not employed in outdoor work shall have at least one hour of suitable exercise in the open air daily if the weather permits.

 

(2) Young prisoners, and others of suitable age and physique, shall receive physical and recreational training during the period of exercise. To this end space, installations and equipment should be provided.

 

Medical services

 

22. (1) At every institution there shall be available the services of at least one qualified medical officer who should have some knowledge of psychiatry. The medical services should be organized in close relationship to the general health administration of the community or nation. They shall include a psychiatric service for the diagnosis and, in proper cases, the treatment of states of mental abnormality.

 

(2) Sick prisoners who require specialist treatment shall be transferred to specialized institutions or to civil hospitals. Where hospital facilities are provided in an institution, their equipment, furnishings and pharmaceutical supplies shall be proper for the medical care and treatment of sick prisoners, and there shall be a staff of suitable trained officers.

 

(3) The services of a qualified dental officer shall be available to every prisoner.

 

23. (1) In women's institutions there shall be special accommodation for all necessary pre-natal and post-natal care and treatment. Arrangements shall be made wherever practicable for children to be born in a hospital outside the institution. If a child is born in prison, this fact shall not be mentioned in the birth certificate.

 

(2) Where nursing infants are allowed to remain in the institution with their mothers, provision shall be made for a nursery staffed by qualified persons, where the infants shall be placed when they are not in the care of their mothers.

 

24. The medical officer shall see and examine every prisoner as soon as possible after his admission and thereafter as necessary, with a view particularly to the discovery of physical or mental illness and the taking of all necessary measures; the segregation of prisoners suspected of infectious or contagious conditions; the noting of physical or mental defects which might hamper rehabilitation, and the determination of the physical capacity of every prisoner for work.

 

25. (1) The medical officer shall have the care of the physical and mental health of the prisoners and should daily see all sick prisoners, all who complain of illness, and any prisoner to whom his attention is specially directed.

 

(2) The medical officer shall report to the director whenever he considers that a prisoner's physical or mental health has been or will be injuriously affected by continued imprisonment or by any condition of imprisonment.

 

26. (1) The medical officer shall regularly inspect and advise the director upon:

 

(a) The quantity, quality, preparation and service of food;

 

(b) The hygiene and cleanliness of the institution and the prisoners;

 

(c) The sanitation, heating, lighting and ventilation of the institution;

 

(d) The suitability and cleanliness of the prisoners' clothing and bedding;

 

(e) The observance of the rules concerning physical education and sports, in cases where there is no technical personnel in charge of these activities.

 

(2) The director shall take into consideration the reports and advice that the medical officer submits according to rules 25 (2) and 26 and, in case he concurs with the recommendations made, shall take immediate steps to give effect to those recommendations; if they are not within his competence or if he does not concur with them, he shall immediately submit his own report and the advice of the medical officer to higher authority.

 

Discipline and punishment

 

27. Discipline and order shall be maintained with firmness, but with no more restriction than is necessary for safe custody and well-ordered community life.

 

28. (1) No prisoner shall be employed, in the service of the institution, in any disciplinary capacity.

 

(2) This rule shall not, however, impede the proper functioning of systems based on self-government, under which specified social, educational or sports activities or responsibilities are entrusted, under supervision, to prisoners who are formed into groups for the purposes of treatment.

 

29. The following shall always be determined by the law or by the regulation of the competent administrative authority:

 

(a) Conduct constituting a disciplinary offence;

 

(b) The types and duration of punishment which may be inflicted;

 

(c) The authority competent to impose such punishment.

 

30. (1) No prisoner shall be punished except in accordance with the terms of such law or regulation, and never twice for the same offence.

 

(2) No prisoner shall be punished unless he has been informed of the offence alleged against him and given a proper opportunity of presenting his defence. The competent authority shall conduct a thorough examination of the case.

 

(3) Where necessary and practicable the prisoner shall be allowed to make his defence through an interpreter.

 

31. Corporal punishment, punishment by placing in a dark cell, and all cruel, inhuman or degrading punishments shall be completely prohibited as punishments for disciplinary offences.

 

32. (1) Punishment by close confinement or reduction of diet shall never be inflicted unless the medical officer has examined the prisoner and certified in writing that he is fit to sustain it.

 

(2) The same shall apply to any other punishment that may be prejudicial to the physical or mental health of a prisoner. In no case may such punishment be contrary to or depart from the principle stated in rule 31.

 

(3) The medical officer shall visit daily prisoners undergoing such punishments and shall advise the director if he considers the termination or alteration of the punishment necessary on grounds of physical or mental health.

 

Instruments of restraint

 

33. Instruments of restraint, such as handcuffs, chains, irons and strait-jackets, shall never be applied as a punishment. Furthermore, chains or irons shall not be used as restraints. Other instruments of restraint shall not be used except in the following circumstances:

 

(a) As a precaution against escape during a transfer, provided that they shall be removed when the prisoner appears before a judicial or administrative authority;

 

(b) On medical grounds by direction of the medical officer;

 

(c) By order of the director, if other methods of control fail, in order to prevent a prisoner from injuring himself or others or from damaging property; in such instances the director shall at once consult the medical officer and report to the higher administrative authority.

 

34. The patterns and manner of use of instruments of restraint shall be decided by the central prison administration. Such instruments must not be applied for any longer time than is strictly necessary.

 

Information to and complaints by prisoners

 

35. (1) Every prisoner on admission shall be provided with written information about the regulations governing the treatment of prisoners of his category, the disciplinary requirements of the institution, the authorized methods of seeking information and making complaints, and all such other matters as are necessary to enable him to understand both his rights and his obligations and to adapt himself to the life of the institution.

 

(2) If a prisoner is illiterate, the aforesaid information shall be conveyed to him orally.

 

36. (1) Every prisoner shall have the opportunity each week day of making requests or complaints to the director of the institution or the officer authorized to represent him.

 

(2) It shall be possible to make requests or complaints to the inspector of prisons during his inspection. The prisoner shall have the opportunity to talk to the inspector or to any other inspecting officer without the director or other members of the staff being present.

 

(3) Every prisoner shall be allowed to make a request or complaint, without censorship as to substance but in proper form, to the central prison administration, the judicial authority or other proper authorities through approved channels.

 

(4) Unless it is evidently frivolous or groundless, every request or complaint shall be promptly dealt with and replied to without undue delay.

 

Contact with the outside world

 

37. Prisoners shall be allowed under necessary supervision to communicate with their family and reputable friends at regular intervals, both by correspondence and by receiving visits.

 

38. (1) Prisoners who are foreign nationals shall be allowed reasonable facilities to communicate with the diplomatic and consular representatives of the State to which they belong.

 

(2) Prisoners who are nationals of States without diplomatic or consular representation in the country and refugees or stateless persons shall be allowed similar facilities to communicate with the diplomatic representative of the State which takes charge of their interests or any national or international authority whose task it is to protect such persons.

 

39. Prisoners shall be kept informed regularly of the more important items of news by the reading of newspapers, periodicals or special institutional publications, by hearing wireless transmissions, by lectures or by any similar means as authorized or controlled by the administration.

 

Books

 

40. Every institution shall have a library for the use of all categories of prisoners, adequately stocked with both recreational and instructional books, and prisoners shall be encouraged to make full use of it.

 

Religion

 

41. (1) If the institution contains a sufficient number of prisoners of the same religion, a qualified representative of that religion shall be appointed or approved. If the number of prisoners justifies it and conditions permit, the arrangement should be on a full-time basis.

 

(2) A qualified representative appointed or approved under paragraph (1) shall be allowed to hold regular services and to pay pastoral visits in private to prisoners of his religion at proper times.

 

(3) Access to a qualified representative of any religion shall not be refused to any prisoner. On the other hand, if any prisoner should object to a visit of any religious representative, his attitude shall be fully respected.

 

42. So far as practicable, every prisoner shall be allowed to satisfy the needs of his religious life by attending the services provided in the institution and having in his possession the books of religious observance and instruction of his denomination.

 

Retention of prisoners' property

 

43. (1) All money, valuables, clothing and other effects belonging to a prisoner which under the regulations of the institution he is not allowed to retain shall on his admission to the institution be placed in safe custody. An inventory thereof shall be signed by the prisoner. Steps shall be taken to keep them in good condition.

 

(2) On the release of the prisoner all such articles and money shall be returned to him except in so far as he has been authorized to spend money or send any such property out of the institution, or it has been found necessary on hygienic grounds to destroy any article of clothing. The prisoner shall sign a receipt for the articles and money returned to him.

 

(3) Any money or effects received for a prisoner from outside shall be treated in the same way.

 

(4) If a prisoner brings in any drugs or medicine, the medical officer shall decide what use shall be made of them.

 

Notification of death, illness, transfer, etc.

 

44. (1) Upon the death or serious illness of, or serious injury to a prisoner, or his removal to an institution for the treatment of mental affections, the director shall at once inform the spouse, if the prisoner is married, or the nearest relative and shall in any event inform any other person previously designated by the prisoner.

 

(2) A prisoner shall be informed at once of the death or serious illness of any near relative. In case of the critical illness of a near relative, the prisoner should be authorized, whenever circumstances allow, to go to his bedside either under escort or alone.

 

(3) Every prisoner shall have the right to inform at once his family of his imprisonment or his transfer to another institution.

 

Removal of prisoners

 

45. (1) When the prisoners are being removed to or from an institution, they shall be exposed to public view as little as possible, and proper safeguards shall be adopted to protect them from insult, curiosity and publicity in any form.

 

(2) The transport of prisoners in conveyances with inadequate ventilation or light, or in any way which would subject them to unnecessary physical hardship, shall be prohibited.

 

(3) The transport of prisoners shall be carried out at the expense of the administration and equal conditions shall obtain for all of them.

 

Institutional personnel

 

46. (1) The prison administration shall provide for the careful selection of every grade of the personnel, since it is on their integrity, humanity, professional capacity and personal suitability for the work that the proper administration of the institutions depends.

 

(2) The prison administration shall constantly seek to awaken and maintain in the minds both of the personnel and of the public the conviction that this work is a social service of great importance, and to this end all appropriate means of informing the public should be used.

 

(3) To secure the foregoing ends, personnel shall be appointed on a full-time basis as professional prison officers and have civil service status with security of tenure subject only to good conduct, efficiency and physical fitness. Salaries shall be adequate to attract and retain suitable men and women; employment benefits and conditions of service shall be favourable in view of the exacting nature of the work.

 

47. (1) The personnel shall possess an adequate standard of education and intelligence.

 

(2) Before entering on duty, the personnel shall be given a course of training in their general and specific duties and be required to pass theoretical and practical tests.

 

(3) After entering on duty and during their career, the personnel shall maintain and improve their knowledge and professional capacity by attending courses of in-service training to be organized at suitable intervals.

 

48. All members of the personnel shall at all times so conduct themselves and perform their duties as to influence the prisoners for good by their example and to command their respect.

 

49. (1) So far as possible, the personnel shall include a sufficient number of specialists such as psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, teachers and trade instructors.

 

(2) The services of social workers, teachers and trade instructors shall be secured on a permanent basis, without thereby excluding part-time or voluntary workers.

 

50. (1) The director of an institution should be adequately qualified for his task by character, administrative ability, suitable training and experience.

 

(2) He shall devote his entire time to his official duties and shall not be appointed on a part-time basis.

 

(3) He shall reside on the premises of the institution or in its immediate vicinity.

 

(4) When two or more institutions are under the authority of one director, he shall visit each of them at frequent intervals. A responsible resident official shall be in charge of each of these institutions.

 

51. (1) The director, his deputy, and the majority of the other personnel of the institution shall be able to speak the language of the greatest number of prisoners, or a language understood by the greatest number of them.

 

(2) Whenever necessary, the services of an interpreter shall be used.

 

52. (1) In institutions which are large enough to require the services of one or more full-time medical officers, at least one of them shall reside on the premises of the institution or in its immediate vicinity.

 

(2) In other institutions the medical officer shall visit daily and shall reside near enough to be able to attend without delay in cases of urgency.

 

53. (1) In an institution for both men and women, the part of the institution set aside for women shall be under the authority of a responsible woman officer who shall have the custody of the keys of all that part of the institution.

 

(2) No male member of the staff shall enter the part of the institution set aside for women unless accompanied by a woman officer.

 

(3) Women prisoners shall be attended and supervised only by women officers. This does not, however, preclude male members of the staff, particularly doctors and teachers, from carrying out their professional duties in institutions or parts of institutions set aside for women.

 

54. (1) Officers of the institutions shall not, in their relations with the prisoners, use force except in self-defence or in cases of attempted escape, or active or passive physical resistance to an order based on law or regulations. Officers who have recourse to force must use no more than is strictly necessary and must report the incident immediately to the director of the institution.

 

(2) Prison officers shall be given special physical training to enable them to restrain aggressive prisoners.

 

(3) Except in special circumstances, staff performing duties which bring them into direct contact with prisoners should not be armed. Furthermore, staff should in no circumstances be provided with arms unless they have been trained in their use.

 

Inspection

 

55. There shall be a regular inspection of penal institutions and services by qualified and experienced inspectors appointed by a competent authority. Their task shall be in particular to ensure that these institutions are administered in accordance with existing laws and regulations and with a view to bringing about the objectives of penal and correctional services.

 

Part II

 

RULES APPLICABLE TO SPECIAL CATEGORIES

 

A. Prisoners under sentence

 

Guiding principles

 

56. The guiding principles hereafter are intended to show the spirit in which penal institutions should be administered and the purposes at which they should aim, in accordance with the declaration made under Preliminary Observation 1 of the present text.

 

57. Imprisonment and other measures which result in cutting off an offender from the outside world are afflictive by the very fact of taking from the person the right of self-determination by depriving him of his liberty. Therefore the prison system shall not, except as incidental to justifiable segregation or the maintenance of discipline, aggravate the suffering inherent in such a situation.

 

58. The purpose and justification of a sentence of imprisonment or a similar measure deprivative of liberty is ultimately to protect society against crime. This end can only be achieved if the period of imprisonment is used to ensure, so far as possible, that upon his return to society the offender is not only willing but able to lead a law-abiding and self-supporting life.

 

59. To this end, the institution should utilize all the remedial, educational, moral, spiritual and other forces and forms of assistance which are appropriate and available, and should seek to apply them according to the individual treatment needs of the prisoners.

 

60. (1) The regime of the institution should seek to minimize any differences between prison life and life at liberty which tend to lessen the responsibility of the prisoners or the respect due to their dignity as human beings.

 

(2) Before the completion of the sentence, it is desirable that the necessary steps be taken to ensure for the prisoner a gradual return to life in society. This aim may be achieved, depending on the case, by a pre-release regime organized in the same institution or in another appropriate institution, or by release on trial under some kind of supervision which must not be entrusted to the police but should be combined with effective social aid.

 

61. The treatment of prisoners should emphasize not their exclusion from the community, but their continuing part in it. Community agencies should, therefore, be enlisted wherever possible to assist the staff of the institution in the task of social rehabilitation of the prisoners. There should be in connection with every institution social workers charged with the duty of maintaining and improving all desirable relations of a prisoner with his family and with valuable social agencies. Steps should be taken to safeguard, to the maximum extent compatible with the law and the sentence, the rights relating to civil interests, social security rights and other social benefits of prisoners.

 

62. The medical services of the institution shall seek to detect and shall treat any physical or mental illnesses or defects which may hamper a prisoner's rehabilitation. All necessary medical, surgical and psychiatric services shall be provided to that end.

 

63. (1) The fulfilment of these principles requires individualization of treatment and for this purpose a flexible system of classifying prisoners in groups; it is therefore desirable that such groups should be distributed in separate institutions suitable for the treatment of each group.

 

(2) These institutions need not provide the same degree of security for every group. It is desirable to provide varying degrees of security according to the needs of different groups. Open institutions, by the very fact that they provide no physical security against escape but rely on the self-discipline of the inmates, provide the conditions most favourable to rehabilitation for carefully selected prisoners.

 

(3) It is desirable that the number of prisoners in closed institutions should not be so large that the individualization of treatment is hindered. In some countries it is considered that the population of such institutions should not exceed five hundred. In open institutions the population should be as small as possible.

 

(4) On the other hand, it is undesirable to maintain prisons which are so small that proper facilities cannot be provided.

 

64. The duty of society does not end with a prisoner's release. There should, therefore, be governmental or private agencies capable of lending the released prisoner efficient after-care directed towards the lessening of prejudice against him and towards his social rehabilitation.

 

Treatment

 

65. The treatment of persons sentenced to imprisonment or a similar measure shall have as its purpose, so far as the length of the sentence permits, to establish in them the will to lead law-abiding and self-supporting lives after their release and to fit them to do so. The treatment shall be such as will encourage their self-respect and develop their sense of responsibility.

 

66. (1) To these ends, all appropriate means shall be used, including religious care in the countries where this is possible, education, vocational guidance and training, social casework, employment counselling, physical development and strengthening of moral character, in accordance with the individual needs of each prisoner, taking account of his social and criminal history, his physical and mental capacities and aptitudes, his personal temperament, the length of his sentence and his prospects after release.

 

(2) For every prisoner with a sentence of suitable length, the director shall receive, as soon as possible after his admission, full reports on all the matters referred to in the foregoing paragraph. Such reports shall always include a report by a medical officer, wherever possible qualified in psychiatry, on the physical and mental condition of the prisoner.

 

(3) The reports and other relevant documents shall be placed in an individual file. This file shall be kept up to date and classified in such a way that it can be consulted by the responsible personnel whenever the need arises.

 

Classification and individualization

 

67. The purposes of classification shall be:

 

(a) To separate from others those prisoners who, by reason of their criminal records or bad characters, are likely to exercise a bad influence;

 

(b) To divide the prisoners into classes in order to facilitate their treatment with a view to their social rehabilitation.

 

68. So far as possible separate institutions or separate sections of an institution shall be used for the treatment of the different classes of prisoners.

 

69. As soon as possible after admission and after a study of the personality of each prisoner with a sentence of suitable length, a programme of treatment shall be prepared for him in the light of the knowledge obtained about his individual needs, his capacities and dispositions.

 

Privileges

 

70. Systems of privileges appropriate for the different classes of prisoners and the different methods of treatment shall be established at every institution, in order to encourage good conduct, develop a sense of responsibility and secure the interest and co-operation of the prisoners in their treatment.

 

Work

 

71. (1) Prison labour must not be of an afflictive nature.

 

(2) All prisoners under sentence shall be required to work, subject to their physical and mental fitness as determined by the medical officer.

 

(3) Sufficient work of a useful nature shall be provided to keep prisoners actively employed for a normal working day.

 

(4) So far as possible the work provided shall be such as will maintain or increase the prisoners, ability to earn an honest living after release.

 

(5) Vocational training in useful trades shall be provided for prisoners able to profit thereby and especially for young prisoners.

 

(6) Within the limits compatible with proper vocational selection and with the requirements of institutional administration and discipline, the prisoners shall be able to choose the type of work they wish to perform.

 

72. (1) The organization and methods of work in the institutions shall resemble as closely as possible those of similar work outside institutions, so as to prepare prisoners for the conditions of normal occupational life.

 

(2) The interests of the prisoners and of their vocational training, however, must not be subordinated to the purpose of making a financial profit from an industry in the institution.

 

73. (1) Preferably institutional industries and farms should be operated directly by the administration and not by private contractors.

 

(2) Where prisoners are employed in work not controlled by the administration, they shall always be under the supervision of the institution's personnel. Unless the work is for other departments of the government the full normal wages for such work shall be paid to the administration by the persons to whom the labour is supplied, account being taken of the output of the prisoners.

 

74. (1) The precautions laid down to protect the safety and health of free workmen shall be equally observed in institutions.

 

(2) Provision shall be made to indemnify prisoners against industrial injury, including occupational disease, on terms not less favourable than those extended by law to free workmen.

 

75. (1) The maximum daily and weekly working hours of the prisoners shall be fixed by law or by administrative regulation, taking into account local rules or custom in regard to the employment of free workmen.

 

(2) The hours so fixed shall leave one rest day a week and sufficient time for education and other activities required as part of the treatment and rehabilitation of the prisoners.

 

76. (1) There shall be a system of equitable remuneration of the work of prisoners.

 

(2) Under the system prisoners shall be allowed to spend at least a part of their earnings on approved articles for their own use and to send a part of their earnings to their family.

 

(3) The system should also provide that a part of the earnings should be set aside by the administration so as to constitute a savings fund to be handed over to the prisoner on his release.

 

Education and recreation

 

77. (1) Provision shall be made for the further education of all prisoners capable of profiting thereby, including religious instruction in the countries where this is possible. The education of illiterates and young prisoners shall be compulsory and special attention shall be paid to it by the administration.

 

(2) So far as practicable, the education of prisoners shall be integrated with the educational system of the country so that after their release they may continue their education without difficulty.

 

78. Recreational and cultural activities shall be provided in all institutions for the benefit of the mental and physical health of prisoners.

 

Social relations and after-care

 

79. Special attention shall be paid to the maintenance and improvement of such relations between a prisoner and his family as are desirable in the best interests of both.

 

80. From the beginning of a prisoner's sentence consideration shall be given to his future after release and he shall be encouraged and assisted to maintain or establish such relations with persons or agencies outside the institution as may promote the best interests of his family and his own social rehabilitation.

 

81. (1) Services and agencies, governmental or otherwise, which assist released prisoners to re-establish themselves in society shall ensure, so far as is possible and necessary, that released prisoners be provided with appropriate documents and identification papers, have suitable s and work to go to, are suitably and adequately clothed having regard to the climate and season, and have sufficient means to reach their destination and maintain themselves in the period immediately following their release.

 

(2) The approved representatives of such agencies shall have all necessary access to the institution and to prisoners and shall be taken into consultation as to the future of a prisoner from the beginning of his sentence.

 

(3) It is desirable that the activities of such agencies shall be centralized or co-ordinated as far as possible in order to secure the best use of their efforts.

 

B. Insane and mentally abnormal prisoners

 

82. (1) Persons who are found to be insane shall not be detained in prisons and arrangements shall be made to remove them to mental institutions as soon as possible.

 

(2) Prisoners who suffer from other mental diseases or abnormalities shall be observed and treated in specialized institutions under medical management.

 

(3) During their stay in a prison, such prisoners shall be placed under the special supervision of a medical officer.

 

(4) The medical or psychiatric service of the penal institutions shall provide for the psychiatric treatment of all other prisoners who are in need of such treatment.

 

83. It is desirable that steps should be taken, by arrangement with the appropriate agencies, to ensure if necessary the continuation of psychiatric treatment after release and the provision of social-psychiatric after-care.

 

C. Prisoners under arrest or awaiting trial

 

84. (1) Persons arrested or imprisoned by reason of a criminal charge against them, who are detained either in police custody or in prison custody (jail) but have not yet been tried and sentenced, will be referred to as "untried prisoners" hereinafter in these rules.

 

(2) Unconvicted prisoners are presumed to be innocent and shall be treated as such.

 

(3) Without prejudice to legal rules for the protection of individual liberty or prescribing the procedure to be observed in respect of untried prisoners, these prisoners shall benefit by a special regime which is described in the following rules in its essential requirements only.

 

85. (1) Untried prisoners shall be kept separate from convicted prisoners.

 

(2) Young untried prisoners shall be kept separate from adults and shall in principle be detained in separate institutions.

 

86. Untried prisoners shall sleep singly in separate rooms, with the reservation of different local custom in respect of the climate.

 

87. Within the limits compatible with the good order of the institution, untried prisoners may, if they so desire, have their food procured at their own expense from the outside, either through the administration or through their family or friends. Otherwise, the administration shall provide their food.

 

88. (1) An untried prisoner shall be allowed to wear his own clothing if it is clean and suitable.

 

(2) If he wears prison dress, it shall be different from that supplied to convicted prisoners.

 

89. An untried prisoner shall always be offered opportunity to work, but shall not be required to work. If he chooses to work, he shall be paid for it.

 

90. An untried prisoner shall be allowed to procure at his own expense or at the expense of a third party such books, newspapers, writing materials and other means of occupation as are compatible with the interests of the administration of justice and the security and good order of the institution.

 

91. An untried prisoner shall be allowed to be visited and treated by his own doctor or dentist if there is reasonable ground for his application and he is able to pay any expenses incurred.

 

92. An untried prisoner shall be allowed to inform immediately his family of his detention and shall be given all reasonable facilities for communicating with his family and friends, and for receiving visits from them, subject only to restrictions and supervision as are necessary in the interests of the administration of justice and of the security and good order of the institution.

 

93. For the purposes of his defence, an untried prisoner shall be allowed to apply for free legal aid where such aid is available, and to receive visits from his legal adviser with a view to his defence and to prepare and hand to him confidential instructions. For these purposes, he shall if he so desires be supplied with writing material. Interviews between the prisoner and his legal adviser may be within sight but not within the hearing of a police or institution official.

 

D. Civil prisoners

 

94. In countries where the law permits imprisonment for debt, or by order of a court under any other non-criminal process, persons so imprisoned shall not be subjected to any greater restriction or severity than is necessary to ensure safe custody and good order. Their treatment shall be not less favourable than that of untried prisoners, with the reservation, however, that they may possibly be required to work.

 

E. Persons arrested or detained without charge

 

95. Without prejudice to the provisions of article 9 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, persons arrested or imprisoned without charge shall be accorded the same protection as that accorded under part I and part II, section C. Relevant provisions of part II, section A, shall likewise be applicable where their application may be conducive to the benefit of this special group of persons in custody, provided that no measures shall be taken implying that re-education or rehabilitation is in any way appropriate to persons not convicted of any criminal offence.  

 

 

Custodial Torture And Its Remedies

By  Rukmani Seth

“Torture is wound in the soul so painful that sometimes you can almost touch it, but it is also so intangible that there is no way to heal it. Torture is anguish squeezing in your chest, cold as ice and heavy as a stone, paralysing as sleep and dark as the abyss. Torture is despair and fear and rage and hate. It is a desire to kill and destroy including yourself”.-Adriana P. Bartow

 

Custodial torture ranging from assault of various types to death by the police for extortion of confessions and imputation of evidence are not uncommon. Such a method of investigation and detection of a crime, in the backdrop of expanding idea of ‘humane’ administration of criminal justice, not only disregards human rights of an individual and thereby undermines his dignity but also exposes him to unwarranted violence and torture by those who are expected to ‘protect’ him.[1]

In India where rule of law is inherent in each and every action and right to life and liberty is prized fundamental right adorning highest place amongst all important fundamental rights, instances of torture and using third degree methods upon suspects during illegal detention and police remand casts a slur on the very system of administration.[2] Human rights take a back seat in this depressing scenario. Torture in custody is at present treated as an inevitable part of investigation. Investigators retain the wrong notion that if enough pressure is applied then the accused will confess.[3] The former Supreme Court judge, V.R. Krishna Iyer, has said that custodial torture is worse than terrorism because the authority of the State is behind it.[4]

 

It is a paradox that torture continues to exist in India. This is because India is a liberal democracy with very clearly articulated constitutional and statutory provisions against torture that are constantly being developed and monitored by a strong and independent judiciary. This raises the question: how does torture continue to persist in India?[5]

 

The crudity of criminal investigation is often blamed on the crudity of resources: the lack of scientific equipment and professionally-trained persons to do the job properly. Although this is an element in the problem, it is not the central one. More important is the sheer impunity enjoyed by law enforcers. This impunity is allowed to flourish for want of laws criminalising and punishing custodial torture, and also due to corruption and the wanton degeneration of courts and other institutions for the maintenance of law in India. Where a torture victim must wait for years in hope that a judge may one day take up his/her case, while meanwhile the perpetrator is being promoted, the very concept of justice is undermined.

 

Custodial torture is universally held as one of the cruellest forms of human rights abuse. The Constitution of India, the Supreme Court, the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) and the United Nations forbid it. But the police across the country defy these institutions. Therefore, there is a need to strike a balance between the individual human rights and societal interests in combating crime by using a realistic approach.[6]

Custodial Torture and Death-The Current Status:

 

The World Medical Association, in its Tokyo Declaration, 1975, defined "torture"[7] as

"the deliberate, systematic or wanton infliction of physical or mental suffering by one or more persons, acting alone or on the orders of any authority to force another person to yield information, to make a confession or for any other reason".

 

Custodial torture, often known as extra-judicial executions has been on a rise in India especially between 2002 and 2007. According to Asian Centre for Human Rights, the nationwide figures are four custodial deaths per day.[8] There have been 7468 reported custodial deaths in this five year period. However, the severity of the torture in India is far worse than statistics suggest. This is because victims rarely report cases against the police due to fear of reprisals. More than half the cases of custodial torture are not even reported.[9]

 

While award of compensation in 684 cases of custodial violence was given by the National Human Rights Commission alone from 1994 to 2007, conviction of only seven police personnel in 2004 and 2005 took place as against these overwhelming figures of custodial torture and subsequent deaths. This has led to a deep concern among the authorities.[10]

 

The explanations for torture can be broadly discussed under categories such as role of media, colonial origins, and institutional weaknesses. Firstly, there is a strong sense that the media exaggerates the incidents of torture and creates a negative image of the police. Second, scholars contend that the current police still suffer from the impact of their colonial origins as a repressive instrument of the police raj (rule). As a result, the “police mindset is steeped into colonial era when the police were supposed to treat every Indian as an enemy of the state.”[11] Third, there is constant pressure on the police from all quarters including politicians and bureaucrats to show instant results.[12] The lack of adequate facilities and personnel for investigation and the extremely high case load with an inefficient supervisory structure also hinders the ability of the police to produce the results required of them, prompting them to take short cuts.[13] In addition, the lack of training in human rights is considered a primary reason why third degree torture continues to exist in India.

 

For instance, the recent cases of custodial killings reported from the state of Gujarat show a consistent and alarming pattern of tolerance of the use of torture by the government and promotion of it as if it is an essential element of law enforcement and investigation of crime. In Gujarat, the interrogation centres -- often torture chambers -- of the state police have been functioning in full public view. The suspects are brought in, kept in illegal detention and tortured as part of questioning and later killed and declared as killed in encounter. This procedure is public knowledge, yet no one dares to challenge it. Officers, right from the top are involved in this endeavour.

 

In a proceeding in the Supreme Court regarding this, the state government admitted in court that it was aware of the existence of the interrogation and torture centres. The government also admitted that in several cases the officers might have also killed the witnesses of arrest and detention in order to avoid questions at a later stage. The Gujarat experience, while being a shocking revelation of the state of policing in that state is also the proof that the public could be forced to silence, if the state so requires, by imparting fear.

 

Interrogation centers in India are run in the cover of prevention of terrorist activities. Interrogation centers are not limited to the state of Gujarat. In several other states like Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh and Rajasthan the state governments run similar centres. In some states these centres are run in the name of anti-naxalite action.

 

In the state of Chhattisgarh for example, the naxalite and anti-naxalite activity has killed hundreds of innocent people. Use of brute force by the state and non-state actors irreparably destroys the social fabric. Besides promoting private armed groups, the state has also pressed into use questionable legislations like the Chhattisgarh Special Public Security Act, 2005. This statute is so loosely worded that anyone could be charged for a crime in this law. Many accepted legal norms in criminal law like non-retroactivity is negated in this statute.

 

Violence is used widely with impunity in the North-Eastern states. The state of Manipur in particular, is completely militarised. The paramilitary and the army detachments stationed in that state is notorious for the use of torture and violence as the only tool for investigation. Cases reported from Manipur, are mostly involving the armed forces, the Assam Rifles in particular.

 

Administrative neglect promoting the use of torture is misused by the police and other law enforcement agencies as an excuse for demanding bribe and for not doing their job according to the law. Continuing neglect by the government has also considerably reduced the morale of the law enforcement agencies. Rather than being considered as an essential state service police and other law enforcement agencies are viewed as state sponsored terror agencies mostly filled with criminals.

 

Remedies Against Custodial Torture:

There are two approaches with respect to the remedies provided for against custodial torture and subsequent death as well. These two approaches are – legal regime and judicial precedents. They can be explained as follows:

 

Legal Regime:

Constitutional Safeguards:

It has been held in a catena of judgements that just because a person is in police custody or detained or under arrest, does not deprive of him of his basic fundamental rights and its violation empowers the person to move the Supreme Court under Article 32 of the Constitution of India.[14] Detention does not deprive one of his fundamental rights.[15] They don’t flee the persons as he enters the prison although they may suffer shrinkage necessitated by incarceration.[16] However, the extent of shrinkage can and should never reach the stage of torture in custody of such a nature that the persons are reduced to a mere animal existence.

 

Article 20 of the Constitution of India:

Article 20 primarily gives a person the rights against conviction of offences. These include the principle of non-retroactivity of penal laws (Nullum crimen sine lege[17]) i.e. ex-post facto laws thereby making it a violation of the persons fundamental rights if attempts are made to convict him and torture him as per some statute. Article 20 also protects against double jeopardy (Nemo debet pro eadem causa bis vexari[18]). This Article most importantly protects a person from self-incrimination. The police subject a person to brutal and continuous torture to make him confess to a crime even if he has not committed the same.

 

Article 21 of the Constitution of India:

This article has been understood in the Indian judiciary to protect the right to be free from torture. This view is held because the right to life is more than a simple right to live an animalistic existence.[19] The expression "life or personal liberty" in Article 21 includes a guarantee against torture and assault even by the State and its functionaries to a person who is taken in custody and no sovereign immunity can be pleaded against the liability of the State arising due to such criminal use of force over the captive person.[20]

 

Article 22 of the Constitution of India:

Article 22 provides four basic fundamental rights with respect to conviction. These include being informed of the grounds of arrest, to be defended by a legal practitioner of his choice, preventive detention laws and production before the nearest Magistrate within 24 hours of arrest of the person. Thus, these provisions are designed to ensure that a person is not subjected to any ill-treatment that is devoid of statutory backing or surpasses prescribed excesses.

 

Other Statutory Safeguards:

Indian Evidence Act, 1872:

A confession to police officer cannot be proved as against a person accused of any offence (Sec. 25 Evidence Act) and confession caused by threats from a person in authority in order to avoid any evil of a temporal nature would be irrelevant in criminal proceedings as, inter-alia, provided in Sec. 24. Thus, even though custodial torture is not expressly prohibited by law in India, the evidence collected by illegal means, including torture is not accepted in courts.

 

Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973:

Sec. 46 and 49 of the Code protect those under custody from torture who are not accused of an offence punishable with death or imprisonment for life and also during escape. Sec. 50-56 are in consonance with Article 22. Sec. 54 of the Code is a provision that to a significant extent corresponds to any infliction of custodial torture and violence. According to it, when an allegation of ill-treatment is made by a person in custody, the Magistrate is then and there required to examine his body and shall place on record the result of his examination and reasons therefore.[21] It gives them the right to bring to the Court’s notice any torture or assault they may have been subjected to and have themselves examined by a medical practitioner on their own request.[22] A compensatory mechanism has also been used by courts.[23] When the Magistrate does not follow procedure with respect to entertaining complaint of custodial torture, it calls for interference by the High Court under Sec. 482 of the Code.[24]

 

Another significant provision with respect to custodial torture leading to deaths is Sec. 176 of the Code where a compulsory magisterial inquiry is to take place on death of an accused caused in police custody. Sections 167 and 309 of the Code have the object of bringing the accused persons before the court and so safeguard their rights and interests as the detention is under their authorisation.[25]

 

Indian Police Act:

Sections 7 and 29 of the Act provide for dismissal, penalty or suspension of police officers who are negligent in the discharge of their duties or unfit to perform the same. This can be seen in the light of the police officers violating various constitutional and statutory safeguards along with guidelines given in D.K Basu v. State of West Bengal.[26]

 

Indian Penal Code (IPC), 1860:

After the controversial Mathura Rape case[27], an amendment was brought about in Sec. 376 of the IPC. Sec. 376(1)(b) penalises custodial rape committed by police officers. This was a welcome change made to the section in question as it finally condemns the acts of police officers who take advantage of their authority.

 

Sections 330, 331, 342 and 348 of the IPC have ostensibly been designed to deter a police officer, who is empowered to arrest a person and to interrogate him during investigation of an offence from resorting to third degree methods causing ‘torture’.[28]

Judicial Precedents:

 

The Supreme Court is heralded as a beacon of rights against torture. Indeed, since the 1990s, the Supreme Court has come up with two innovative ways of dealing with custodial torture and custodial death cases namely, the right to compensation for custodial death and torture and the formulation of custody jurisprudence.

 

The case of Sheela Barse v. State of Maharashtra[29] has provided for guidelines on rights of the arrested persons especially women. The court in this case also emphasised on the need for Magistrates to inform all arrested persons of their rights. Guidelines were also given by the Supreme Court in D.K Basu v. State of West Bengal with respect to rights of arrested persons. The most significant one being the arrestee should be subjected to medical examination every 48 hours during his detention by a doctor from the approved panel of doctors and copies of all prescribed documents should be sent to the concerned Magistrates. Also, the arrestee may be permitted to meet his lawyer during interrogation.

 

Other Authorities:

It has been recommended in the 177th Law Commission Report by the 16th Law Commission that requisite amendments should be brought about in the Code of Criminal Procedure making it the duty of the police officers in whose custody there are arrested persons that they should ensure their safety and holding them responsible for failure of the same. Thirty years hence, this amendment has still not been incorporated. The presence of an advocate during interrogation of the arrested person is also a recommendation that has been made. The 185th Law Commission Report also makes recommendation regarding rights of arrested persons with respect to the Indian Evidence Act, 1872 which are with respect to s. 27. The Malimath Committee Report has also emphasised on the need for codification of the rights of the arrested persons.[30]

 

Despite the above, the abominable figures regarding custodial torture have still not improved. One very simple reason behind this could be that persons who are supposed to protect people are themselves the wrongdoers. The criminal justice system in India is supposed to use the reformist approach; however, the approach is such that animals get better treatment.

 

Conclusion:

The very ideas of a human being in custody save for protection and nurturing is an anathema to human existence. The word custody implies guardianship and protective care. Even when applied to indicate arrest or incarceration, it does not carry any sinister symptoms of violence during custody.

 

In a complaint of custodial torture, the court should not adopt a casual approach to it on the ground that it has been made by a habitual offender.[31] It is a perennial problem of statecraft.[32] It therefore, becomes imperative to evolve a system of state governance that allows the police to effectively maintain law and order and to prevent and detect the commission of a crime without jeopardizing legal rights; privileges and claims of laymen. Such a system obviously warrants appropriate control over the police in order to discourage them from exercising their power in a capricious manner. Similarly, an effective institutional grievance-redressal mechanism to vindicate ‘police excesses’ is also the need of the hour.[33]

As held by the Supreme Court, "custodial torture" is a naked violation of human dignity and a degradation which destroys, to a very large extent human personality.

 

First, custodial torture must be made a crime. This could be brought in by way of a special law. Secondly, many cases of custodial torture could be prevented if law-enforcing agencies followed the existing laws relating to arrest and detention. The rules established by the Supreme Court--though not a complete remedy--should be applied without failure. Those who fail to comply must be prosecuted.

 

Thirdly, the public--and especially concerned professional groups, including rights groups and the media--must closely monitor police practices to see that government promises are upheld. The political opposition must also see to it that the Director General of Police submits a report to the legislative assembly, and an investigative report, on every case of custodial death and torture.

 

Fourthly, the central government should be urged to ratify the UN Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment. The government has failed to ratify the treaty on spurious grounds that existing laws are good enough to prevent custodial torture which is evidently not the case. Were that the case, 60 years after independence and despite numerous concerns and guidelines issued by courts all over India, torture would not persist unabated as it does today.

 

10 legal rights that women should know

Gopi Shah|

 

We live in a shady and messed up world, where life of a person is taken away by a loved one, where goddesses are worshipped while women (of any age) are maimed and harassed. The only way out to keep an eye on such horrific happenings is to make laws and rules stricter to keep a check on the horrendous crimes.

Having laws doesn't suffice when they are broken. Most people are unaware of their legal 
rights until they hire a legal firm for their problems. Merely a handful of them would say, 'Yes, we know' to this and most of them are not women. So, to help women know their rights and to help them fight back, here are 10 legal rights that they should know.

Right to free aid
When a woman goes to the police station without being accompanied by a lawyer she is either quoted wrong, ignored or humiliated for her statements. She should be aware of the fact that she has a right to get the legal aid and that she should demand for it. "According to a Delhi High Court ruling, whenever a rape is reported, the senior house officer has to bring this to the notice of the Delhi Legal Services Authority. The legal body then arranges for a lawyer for the victim," says Saumya Bhaumik, a women rights lawyer.

Right to privacy
A woman who has been raped has a right to record her statement in private, in front of the magistrate without being overheard by anyone else. She also has a freedom to record her statement with a lady constable or a police officer in personal. Under section 164 of the Criminal Procedure Code, the cops will have to give the privacy to the victim without stressing her in front of masses.

Right to untimely registration
There are many reasons as to why a woman would postpone going to the police to lodge a complaint. She considers her reputation, dignity of the family and threats from the culprit to take her life away. Police in any way cannot say no to register her complaint, no matter if it's too late to register. The self-respect of women comes before anything else. She cannot be denied of anything.

Right to virtual complaints
According to the guidelines issued by the Delhi Police, a woman has the privilege of lodging a complaint via email or registered post. If, for some reason, a woman can't go to the police station, she can send a written complaint through an email or registered post addressed to a senior police officer of the level of Deputy Commissioner or Commissioner of Police. The officer then directs the SHO of the police station, of the area where the incident occurred, to conduct proper verification of the complainant and lodge an FIR. The police can then come over to the residence of the victim to take her statement.

Right to Zero FIR
A rape victim can register her police complaint from any police station under the Zero FIR ruling by Supreme Court. "Sometimes, the police station under which the incident occurs refuses to register the victim's complaint in order to keep clear of responsibility, and tries sending the victim to another police station. In such cases, she has the right to lodge an FIR at any police station in the city under the Zero FIR ruling. The senior officer will then direct the SHO of the concerned police station to lodge the FIR," says Abeed. This is a Supreme Court ruling that not many women are aware of, so don't let the SHO of a police station send you away saying it "doesn't come under his area".

Right to no arrest
According to a Supreme Court ruling, a woman cannot be arrested after sunset and before sunrise. There are many cases of women being harassed by the police at wee hours, but all this can be avoided if you exercise the right of being present in the police station only during daytime. "Even if there is a woman constable accompanying the officers, the police can't arrest a woman at night. In case the woman has committed a serious crime, the police requires to get it in writing from the magistrate explaining why the arrest is necessary during the night," says Bhaumik.

Right to not being called to the police station
Women cannot be called to the police station for interrogation under Section 160 of the Criminal Procedure Code. This law provides Indian women the right of not being physically present at the police station for interrogation. "The police can interrogate a woman at her residence in the presence of a woman constable and family members or friends," says Abeed. So, the next time you're called to the police station for queries or interrogation when you have faced any kind of harassment, quote this guideline of the Supreme Court to exercise your right and remind the cops about it.

 

Right to confidentiality


Under no circumstances can the identity of a rape victim be revealed. Neither the police nor media can make known the name of the victim in public. Section 228-A of the Indian Penal Code makes the disclosure of a victim's identity a punishable offense. Printing or publishing the name or any matter which may make known the identity of a woman against whom an offense has been committed is punishable. This is done to prevent social victimization or ostracism of the victim of a sexual offense. Even while a judgment is in progress at the high court or a lower court, the name of the victim is not indicated, she is only described as 'victim' in the judgment.

 


Right towards crime and not a medical condition


A case of rape can't be dismissed even if the doctor says that rape has not taken place. A victim of rape needs to be medically examined as per Section 164 A of the Criminal Procedure Code, and only the report can act as proof. "A woman has the right to have a copy of the medical report from the doctor. Rape is crime and not a medical condition. It is a legal term and not a diagnosis to be made by the medical officer treating the victim. The only statement that can be made by the medical officer is that there is evidence of recent sexual activity. Whether the rape has occurred or not is a legal conclusion and the doctor can't decide on this," explains Bhaumik.

 


Right to no sexual harassment


It is the duty of every employer to create a Sexual Harassment Complaints Committee within the organization for complaints. According to a guideline issued by the Supreme Court, it is mandatory for all firms, public and private, to set up these committees to resolve matters of sexual harassment. It is also necessary that the committee be headed by a woman and comprise of 50% women, as members. Also, one of the members should be from a women's welfare group.

 

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Posted by naghrw at 1:16 AM
Monday, 6 February 2017
PIL - Cancel Judge's Salary Hike
Topic: human rights , media

S.O.S   e - Voice For Justice - e-news weekly

Spreading the light of humanity freedom

Editor: Nagaraja.M.R.. Vol.13..Issue.06........11 / 02 / 2017

 

PIL –  Cancel  Proposed  Judge’s  Salary Hike

 

IN THE SUPREME COURT OF INDIA ORIGINAL JURISDICTION

 

CRIMINAL WRIT PETITION NO. OF 2017

 

 

IN THE MATTER OF

 

 

NAGARAJA . M.R

 

editor SOS e Clarion of Dalit & SOS e Voice for Justice

# LIG 2 , No 761 ,, HUDCO First Stage , Laxmikantanagar ,

Hebbal , Mysore – 570017 , Karnataka State

.

....Petitioner

 

Versus

 

Honourable  Chief Justice of India    & Others

 

....Respondents

 

 

 

PETITION UNDER ARTICLE 12 to ARTICLE 35 & ARTICLE 51A OF THE CONSTITUTION OF INDIA FOR ISSUANCE OF A WRIT IN THE NATURE OF MANDAMUS UNDER ARTICLE 32 & ARTICLE 226 OF THE CONSTITUTION OF INDIA.

 

 

To ,

Hon'ble The Chief Justice of India and His Lordship's Companion

Justices of the Supreme Court of India.

 

 

 

The Humble petition of the   Petitioner above named.

 

MOST RESPECTFULLY SHOWETH :

1. Facts of the case:

a. Every human being , every Indian citizen  are equal  and guaranteed  equitable justice  as  their  human right and  Constitutional right.

 

b. In india  mafia of powers that be  and government  ensure  that  cases drag on for years , so that  poor litigant  either dies before  judgement day  or  opts out in  the middle.  Due to this delaying tactics  ,  many poor people  rather suffer injustice  instead of seeking justice in courts.  Mafia  indirectly forces  them  to  keep away from litigation.

 

c. Due to  occupation induced health problems  my health is deteriorating day by day , some of the  PILs concerning national security , public welfare   I  have  filed are  two decades old , still no justice in sight. Judges   not even  admitted the cases.

 

d. Actual working hours , working days for judges  are  less in india. Too many case adjournments ,  less number of judges , too many  holidays for  judges like  summer vacation , winter vacation , working hours less than 8 hours per day , etc.

 

e. Judges  work  less  but  enjoy  5 star  pay & perks at public expense.

 

f. Due  to  denial of justice  common people suffer injustice for more time or till  their death. Say  some falsely implicated persons  suffer in jail for years till their acquittal by  courts , some petty criminals  whose  crime  attracts  one year imprisonment   suffers in jail for  ten years. Because they are not well connected , cann’t afford  hi fi  advocates , bail fees.

 

g. Due  to  lethargic  judiciary  , some land  acquisition cases    drag on for years   land  looser  suffers  also  the   project  cost   escalates  by  hundreds  thousands  of  crores  of  rupees.

 

h. The lethargic  Judiciary  in  India  itself  is the biggest violator  of  common man’s  human rights , fundamental rights. It is the culprit responsible for  loss of thousands of crores of rupees to public exchequer   due  to  project  cost  escalations.

 

i. when  a common  man’s  human rights , human rights   is  violated  in  the  form  of  delaying  tactics  by court  of  law  , judiciary  , the presiding judge becomes a criminal  and liable to pay damages to the aggrieved.

 

j. The central government  and  state government  yearly  spend  thousands of  crores of rupees  unnecessarily  like  purchasing  new cars  for  ministers , renovation , interior  decorations  of  minister’s  bungalows ,  foreign jaunts , etc. These are  all not  priority one  spending. Out  of  these  spending   how many  more  judges  could be appointed , paid salaries.

 

k. when  compared to  project  cost  escalations  of  thousands of  crores  of rupees  caused  due  to  case delays  , is it not wise  on the part of government to  appoint  requisite number of judges  with  additional budget burden of  few  crores  of  rupees.

 

l. Both  central  and  state governments  are  the biggest  litigants  in the country.

 

m. Government is manipulating  judicial process by  denying finance  to  appoint more judges , to create more court infrastructures.

 

n. We common people are  imposed  with time limits  to mandatorily comply with,  in our interactions with other public , with government authorities , with courts itself. For our failures we common people are penalized.

 

0. Paradoxically , there is no mandatory  time limits  for judges , public servants to finish  specific works concerning public. In most of the cases they adopt delaying tactics  , deny justice still they  are not penalized and  don’t  pay any compensation to the aggrieved public.

 

p. Due  to delaying tactics  of judges , many  anti national crimes , terror attacks took place  and still continuing  which could have been  well averted in time  if judges  took timely action. For helping  mafia  by  the way of delayed  justice , mafia rewards some of those judges with post retirement postings , promotions , site allotments , etc.

 

q. The Judiciary has the right , authority , power to order  government  to  allocate finance for  appointing judges , setting up court  infrastructure. If the  government  gives   ruse  of  no  money  in it’s account , courts can  definitely monitor  spending of government , cut down on  waste , non-priority spending of government , divert such money for  appointment of judges , court infrastructure development. No  need  for  CJI  to  weep before prime minister.  Judges  themselves  never  consider  the sufferings  of  weeping  litigants.  It shows the weakness  of  CJI and  a shame to our nation.

r. Our Indian Judges are  on the verge of getting   approximately  300%  salary hike now , while common people are suffering  and  duty performance of judges  is below average.

 

We  once again appeal to Honourable CJI , Supreme Court of India  to take  action  on the following PILs  ,  to answer the show cause notice  and to order the concerned public servants  to answer RTI questions.  The officials of  SCI don’t even have  etiquette , decorum to reply to our letters. Some of  my  appeals  are  two decades old.

 

     Remember  the basic fact  you are all enjoying 5 star pay , perks  at the expense of public and owe your duty to public.  Are  not  judges  drawing  huge  salaries , 5 star  pay , perks on time without fail ,  on 01st of every month? Have they forgotten to take salary in 25 years , but they keep cases pending for  20 - 25  years.  CJI   weeping   before   Prime Minister shows the weakness of  the judiciary & a shame to the nation.  Judges  never consider  sufferings of  weeping  litigants in cases.   Judges themselves are responsible for  long pending cases.

 

   Don’t  refer  the case  to police as they don’t  have power , authority to enquire high & mighty people , judges  &  previously they have failed  and  the case  is  to subject  some police officials , judges themselves to enquiry. Referring the case to police  is nothing but attempt to bury the truth , only  supreme court monitored  transparent enquiry by CBI  is right.

 

   Delaying  tactics of  judges is only  helping the criminals , anti nationals and terrorists. Please  refer  below mentioned  sample cases  of  Justice delayed for years to innocents , sufferings  of their family members. No judges , police are bothered. Are not the the respective judges , police  guilty of defaming those innocent persons , spoiling their livelihood , gross violation of their civil rights ? why not those guilty judges , police are paying compensation to victims of their wrong actions ?  But  the very same  guilty judges , police are  SHAMELESSLY  enjoying  5 star pay perks from public exchequer  for  decades.

 

  Bail system , Parole system are in favour of rich crooks in india , cases of rich crooks move at faster  pace  wheeas the cases of poor which are although older still continues. Judiciary , it’s system are biased. Consider the  sample cases of sanjay dutt , salman khan , jayalaita. Our judges , Police  don’t have spine to  enforce rule of law on rich crooks , while they put full  force , might on poor innocents.

 

 

 

If  anything untoward happens to me or  to my dependents Chief Justice of India  together with jurisdiction police &  District Collector  will be responsible for it.

 

 

 

Rot in judiciary is decades old. Honourable CJI sir , weeping is not right constitution of india has given you  the authority , TAKE ACTION DO YOUR DUTY.  People , History will remember you forever with respect. Anyway you are getting very good 5 star pay & perks , will also get decent pension after retirement from government. First  forget about post retirement  postings , discretionary allotment of sites , etc from government then you can work fearlessly. Both central & state governments are  biggest litigants in the country , IAS babus make wrong application , interpretation of laws  leading to litigations. Start by clearing the rotten eggs within the judiciary. When judiciary & police  in a country strictly uphold law , work impartially that country  surpasses even heaven.

 

Do remember on the D Day , in the   Court of Almighty  everybody CJI , Judges , prime ministers , common man alike  has to bow his head. In who’s  court there is no match fixing , no techinicalities , no vociferous hi fi advocates , no bias based on caste , religion , region , community , etc , only  straight simple account of wrongs & rights. Guess  his judgement in your case. GOD  BLESS US  ALL.

 

 

 

2. Question(s) of Law:

 

Is it right for  judges  to deny  justice . is it right on the part of judges to delay justice  under various ruses to common man , violate their human rights , fundamental rights.

 

3. Grounds:

Requests for equitable justice , Prosecution of  judges , police , public servants   responsible for  case delays.

 

 

4. Averment:

 

Please read details at :

 

Honourable Chief Justice of India TAKE ACTION

 

https://sites.google.com/site/eclarionofdalit/honourable-cji-take-action ,

 

https://www.scribd.com/doc/312858947/Honourable-CJI-Take-Action

 

 

Hereby , I do request the honorable supreme court of India to consider this as a PIL for : “writ of Mandamus” and to issue instructions to the concerned public servants in the following cases to perform their duties & to answer the questions.

 

 

The Petitioner has sent many letters / appeals / petitions to supreme court of india & other courts through e-mail , DARPG website & through regular mail requesting them to consider those as PILs. But none ofthem were admitted , even acknowledgement for receipts were not given. See How duty conscious ,our judges are & see how our judges are sensitive towards life , liberty of citizens , common men & see how careless our judges are towards anti national crimes , crimes worth  crores  of rupees. That the present petitioner has not filed any other petition (which are admitted by courts) in any High Court or the Supreme Court of India on the subject matter of the present petition.

 

PRAYER:

In the above premises, it is prayed that this Hon'ble Court may be pleased:

 

 

a . Hereby , I do request the honorable supreme court of India to consider this as a PIL for : “writ of Mandamus” and to issue instructions to the concerned public servants ,  Tax Authorities , Law Enforcement  Agencies , RBI authorities  in the following cases to perform their duties & to answer the below  RTI  questions.

 

b . to pass such other orders and further orders as may be deemed necessary on the facts and in the circumstances of the case.

 

c. To legally prosecute responsible , concerned    judges , police & public servants.

 

d. To cancel  winter , summer vacation holidays for  judges.

 

e. To  bring down  the holidays  of courts  per year  to twelve on the lines of industrial establishments.

 

f. To make  it mandatory for judges to  conduct  court hearings  for  8  hours per day.

 

g. To  bring  down unnecessary court adjournments.

 

h. to reserve  precious  court timings  only for  arguments  , cross examination of litigants , witnesses.

 

i. to  use information  technology , internet  for  issue  of  notices , summons and  litigants  submitting  documents , applications  instead of wasting court  time.

 

j. to introduce  working of courts on shift basis  in the same infrastructure.

 

k. to   appoint  retired judges  immediately to bring down  gaps in judges requirement.

 

l. to  order  the biggest  litigant  government of india and all state governments   to  frame  laws  strictly  in  accordance   with  constitution.

 

m. to order  governments  to  give  proper training for public servants , IAS officers , KAS officers , others   about  law of the land.

 

o. to make  specific public servants  personally responsible for wrong  applications  of law  while  discharging their duties  and  to  make them pay  compensation from their personal pockets.

 

p. to  order Chief Justice of India to  pay compensation  of Rupees TWO  CRORES  to Nagaraja Mysuru Raghupathi editor  SOS e Clarion of Dalit & SOS e Voice for Justice , towards the damages he has suffered  due to delayed justice.

 

q. to order the respective judges , police in all cases of case delays more specifically in the below mentioned cases to  pay compensation to innocent victims. Make a guideline for compensation payment. Legally prosecute guilty judges , police.

 

r. to frame a guideline for bail & parole procedure. When it is violated by judges , police , jail authorities , other public servants order them to pay compensation  and legally prosecute guilty judges , police , jail officials.

s. to  immediately  put on hold   proposed salary hike to judges and to cancel it subsequently.

 

 

 

 

FOR WHICH ACT OF KINDNESS, THE PETITIONER SHALL BE DUTY BOUND, EVER PRAY.

 

 

 

Dated : 06.02.2017……… ………………….FILED BY: NAGARAJA.M.R.

 

Place :   Mysuru , India…………………….   PETITIONER-IN-PERSON

 

 

 

 


 

Editorial : Justice  Delayed & Denied


Government Job Maxim

a.       “Two punch one lunch ( work ) ?”

b.      “Government  Job is God’s work. So officials are waiting for god to do his own work !!!”


Judges , Police and  other public servants  responsible  for  delay in justice under one pretext or the other  ( while they shamelessly draw lakhs of rupees pay & perks from public exchequer for themselves ) are totally responsible for :


1.       Destruction of evidences , records , witnesses.

2.       Time bar of case.

3.       For giving free reigns to criminals to  continue with crimes.

4.       Concerned Judges , Police &  other government officials fully liable to pay  compensation from their personal pockets   to the aggrieved  towards  losses due to delayed justice.

 

Hoping  duty consciousness will dawn on our public servants.

 

Your’s

Nagaraja Mysuru raghupathi


Salary of Chief Justice of India Rupees  100000 per month & salary of  supreme court judge  Rupees 90000 per month plus  5 star heritage bungalow , 5 star air / train travel , 5 star health care facility , etc  all at tax payers expense

 

Hunger Deaths Malnutrition Deaths Poverty  Earning  Less than Rupees 32 per day

 

Honest  Hard Working Child Laborers Earning Less Than Rupees 32 per day

Corrupt Dishonest Criminal Public Servants Earning More than Rupees 5000 per day  Murderers of Justice

 

After 8 Years, Judges To Get A Huge Pay Hike – Close To 300 Per Cent

 

The judges of the Supreme Court and High Court will soon receive a huge pay hike. The Chief Justice of India TS Thakur has written to the government, forwarding a judges’ committee report which recommended a hike of over 300% including pension and perks.

Finance minister Arun Jaitley has agreed with most of the recommendations, sources said. A cabinet note is being prepared, which after formal clearance, will go to parliament.

The salaries of the judges were last hiked eight years ago. But the implementation of the new hike can take time as the hikes of lawmakers – current and former – the President and the Vice-President are still pending.

At present, the Chief Justice of India gets a salary of Rs. 1 lakh. Against the judges’ committee recommendation to hike his salary by Rs. 3 lakh, the government has agreed to hike it by Rs. 2.8 lakh.

For Supreme Court judges, the present salary is Rs. 90,000. The judges’ committee recommended a pay hike of Rs. 2.8 lakh and the government has agreed to an increase of Rs. 2.5 lakh.

The salary of High Court judges will increase from Rs. 80,000 to Rs. 2.25 lakh against the recommendation of Rs. 2.5 lakh.

The government has not agreed to an increase of house rent allowance, since a committee is already looking into the issue following the 7th pay commission recommendations.

Under the pay commission recommendations, they get a steep hike in funds for furnishing their houses. It ranges from Rs. 10 lakh for the Chief Justice of India to 6 lakh for judges of High Court and 1,500 free phone calls. The judges will continue to get free water up to 36 kilo liters and free power of 10,000 units.

The pensions of the judges will be hiked as well. The Chief Justice of India will get Rs. 16,80,000 plus dearness allowance, the Supreme Court judges Rs. 15 lakh plus dearness allowance and High Court judges Rs. 13.5 lakh plus dearness allowance a year. Their gratuity would be doubled to Rs. 20 lakh.

 

 

Millions spent on flying Supreme Court judges abroad

December 4th, 2008

 

The high priests of India’s highest judiciary appear to have a fondness for flying high, suggests a Supreme Court account of foreign jaunts undertaken by its judges.According to information divulged by the apex court under the Right To Information (RTI) act, present Chief Justice K.G. Balakrishnan undertook 12 foreign jaunts from 2005 till now, costing the public exchequer a whopping Rs.7.53 million (Rs.75.3 lakh) on airfares alone.

Nine of these trips were taken after he became chief justice in January 2007 and three while he was a Supreme Court judge.

This amount does not take into account other expenses like boarding, the justice department said in its reply to RTI activist Dev Ashish Bhattacharya.

“The department has given me the record of last five financial years only of airfares borne by the government. But they have kept mum about other expenditures incurred by the judges during their visits abroad,” Bhattacharya said, adding that if the accounts were audited then it should not be difficult to provide details of other expenses as well.

The various countries visited by Balakrishnan as part of his “official duty” are the US, Britain, Canada, Hong Kong, France, South Africa, the United Arab Emirates, China and the Philippines. He visited Britain four times and Canada twice.

His wife accompanied him nine times in the 12 tours, which sometimes clubbed together two or more countries.

The apex court’s detailed account of expenses incurred on the judges’ official tours abroad since 2003 reveals that Balakrishnan’s foreign jaunts have proved to be the costliest.

The airfares of all the foreign jaunts made by his predecessor Y.K. Sabharwal amounted to Rs.3.65 million (Rs.36 lakh). During his tenure as an apex court judge between January 2000 and October 2005 and later as chief justice of India January 2007, Sabharwal went abroad 10 times.

The chief justice before him, R.C. Lahoti, went abroad six times and the airfares alone cost the exchequer Rs.2.78 million (Rs.27.8 lakh). His wife accompanied him in all his official visits abroad.

Interestingly, not all judges have been so extravagant.

For instance, Justice Dalveer Bhandari’s trip to Nepal in March 2006 cost just Rs.11,569.

In an intriguing instance, three judges, including Balakrishnan, gave highly divergent amounts for a single tour to Britain to take part in the seventh Worldwide Common Law Judiciary Conference in London from April 29 to May 3, 2007.

While Balakrishnan was accompanied by his wife and personal secretary, the other two judges, Ashok Bhan and Arijit Pasayat, also took their spouses along.

At the end — Bhan billed the government Rs.670,976, Pasayat Rs.347,656 and Balakrishnan Rs.430,031.

“I had categorically asked the department to tell me whether taking spouses on official tours on government expense was permitted. However, I got no response on this query,” Bhattacharya said.

 

Stop the Colonial Practice of Long Vacations for Courts ; CJAR

 

The Campaign for Judicial Accountability and Reforms has issued a statement suggesting various steps to be taken to improve the efficiency of the Court. The statement issued by its convenor Prashant Bhushan suggested that the Courts to increase the judicial time to litigants, especially to those who have been languishing in jails without recourse to a speedy trial.

Here is the Full text of the Statement The problem of judicial delays has recently gained public attention in light of the impassioned appeal by the Chief Justice of India to the Government, at the Joint Conference of Chief Ministers and Chief Justices on 24 April 2016, to increase the strength of judges and clear all pending files relating to judicial appointments. The Chief Justice of India also appealed to all relevant stakeholders in the judicial system to work together towards making the system more efficient. He also implored all duty holders to consider cutting down on vacation time and use the additional time to clear long pending cases. These appeals need to be viewed in the context of a situation in which millions of under trials languish in jails across the country and lakhs of civil litigants are waiting endlessly for justice.

Closing down the courts for extended periods of time during the long summer months is a vestige of colonial India. There is no justification in a modern democracy to retain the colonial practice of long vacations for courts. Judicial officers should get service benefits, including leave and vacation benefits, similar to what other public service officials of comparable seniority get. There has been an almost unanimous decision by the judges of the Allahabad High Court to cut short their summer break, to conduct special hearings to clear long pending criminal matters and thereby address the staggering backlog of cases. The Chief Justice of the Madhya Pradesh High Court has written a letter appealing to the members of the Bar, to follow course and cut short vacation time, as well as work on Saturdays.

These are positive voluntary steps which need to be institutionalised and implemented for all courts in India. There have also been welcome news reports of retired judges being reappointed on an ad-hoc basis to tide over the current shortfall in the number of judges. Compulsory video recording of proceedings of all courts is another step which will help ensure that judicial time is not wasted, besides having several other valuable benefits for litigants and justice dispensation and should also be implemented immediately. CJAR strongly supports steps towards increasing the judicial time available to litigants, especially to those who have been languishing in jails without recourse to a speedy trial.  CJAR demands that the Supreme Court and other High Courts in the country follow the example set by the Allahabad and Madhya Pradesh High Courts, do away with vacations where the entire court is closed and increase court time.

This will also help address the problems of judicial delays in this country. CJAR applauds and supports the decision of Chief Justice of India to appoint ad-hoc judges, thereby drawing on a pool of available, competent judges, to tide over the judicial backlog.  CJAR demands that proceedings of all courts be video recorded – a step which will not only cut down on delays but will also have other salutary effects. Other administrative reforms such as appointment of court managers, pre-trial conferences, using Information Communication Technology for notices, etc., also need to be institutionalised and these steps if taken, will certainly lead to increasing the efficiency of court processes in the long term.

PIL –   Justice  Denied

IN THE SUPREME COURT OF INDIA ORIGINAL JURISDICTION

CRIMINAL WRIT PETITION NO. OF 2015

IN THE MATTER OF

NAGARAJA . M.R

editor SOS e Clarion of Dalit & SOS e Voice for Justice
# LIG 2 , No 761 ,, HUDCO First Stage , Laxmikantanagar ,
Hebbal , Mysore – 570017 , Karnataka State
.
….Petitioner

Versus

Honourable  Chief Justice of India    & Others

….Respondents

PETITION UNDER ARTICLE 12 to ARTICLE 35 & ARTICLE 51A OF THE CONSTITUTION OF INDIA FOR ISSUANCE OF A WRIT IN THE NATURE OF MANDAMUS UNDER ARTICLE 32 & ARTICLE 226 OF THE CONSTITUTION OF INDIA.

To ,
Hon’ble The Chief Justice of India and His Lordship’s Companion
Justices of the Supreme Court of India.

 

The Humble petition of the   Petitioner above named.

MOST RESPECTFULLY SHOWETH :
1. Facts of the case:
a. Every human being , every Indian citizen  are equal  and guaranteed  equitable justice  as  their  human right and  Constitutional right.

b. In india  mafia of powers that be  and government  ensure  that  cases drag on for years , so that  poor litigant  either dies before  judgement day  or  opts out in  the middle.  Due to this delaying tactics  ,  many poor people  rather suffer injustice  instead of seeking justice in courts.  Mafia  indirectly forces  them  to  keep away from litigation.

c. Due to  occupation induced health problems  my health is deteriorating day by day , some of the  PILs concerning national security , public welfare   I  have  filed are  two decades old , still no justice in sight. Judges   not even  admitted the cases.

d. Actual working hours , working days for judges  are  less in india. Too many case adjournments ,  less number of judges , too many  holidays for  judges like  summer vacation , winter vacation , working hours less than 8 hours per day , etc.

e. Judges  work  less  but  enjoy  5 star  pay & perks at public expense.

f. Due  to  denial of justice  common people suffer injustice for more time or till  their death. Say  some falsely implicated persons  suffer in jail for years till their acquittal by  courts , some petty criminals  whose  crime  attracts  one year imprisonment   suffers in jail for  ten years. Because they are not well connected , cann’t afford  hi fi  advocates , bail fees.

g. Due  to  lethargic  judiciary  , some land  acquisition cases    drag on for years   land  looser  suffers  also  the   project  cost   escalates  by  hundreds  thousands  of  crores  of  rupees.

h. The lethargic  Judiciary  in  India  itself  is the biggest violator  of  common man’s  human rights , fundamental rights. It is the culprit responsible for  loss of thousands of crores of rupees to public exchequer   due  to  project  cost  escalations.

i. when  a common  man’s  human rights , human rights   is  violated  in  the  form  of  delaying  tactics  by court  of  law  , judiciary  , the presiding judge becomes a criminal  and liable to pay damages to the aggrieved.

j. The central government  and  state government  yearly  spend  thousands of  crores of rupees  unnecessarily  like  purchasing  new cars  for  ministers , renovation , interior  decorations  of  minister’s  bungalows ,  foreign jaunts , etc. These are  all not  priority one  spending. Out  of  these  spending   how many  more  judges  could be appointed , paid salaries.

k. when  compared to  project  cost  escalations  of  thousands of  crores  of rupees  caused  due  to  case delays  , is it not wise  on the part of government to  appoint  requisite number of judges  with  additional budget burden of  few  crores  of  rupees.

l. Both  central  and  state governments  are  the biggest  litigants  in the country.

m. Government is manipulating  judicial process by  denying finance  to  appoint more judges , to create more court infrastructures.

n. We common people are  imposed  with time limits  to mandatorily comply with,  in our interactions with other public , with government authorities , with courts itself. For our failures we common people are penalized.

0. Paradoxically , there is no mandatory  time limits  for judges , public servants to finish  specific works concerning public. In most of the cases they adopt delaying tactics  , deny justice still they  are not penalized and  don’t  pay any compensation to the aggrieved public.

p. Due  to delaying tactics  of judges , many  anti national crimes , terror attacks took place  and still continuing  which could have been  well averted in time  if judges  took timely action. For helping  mafia  by  the way of delayed  justice , mafia rewards some of those judges with post retirement postings , promotions , site allotments , etc.

q. The Judiciary has the right , authority , power to order  government  to  allocate finance for  appointing judges , setting up court  infrastructure. If the  government  gives   ruse  of  no  money  in it’s account , courts can  definitely monitor  spending of government , cut down on  waste , non-priority spending of government , divert such money for  appointment of judges , court infrastructure development. No  need  for  CJI  to  weep before prime minister.  Judges  themselves  never  consider  the sufferings  of  weeping  litigants.  It shows the weakness  of  CJI and  a shame to our nation.

2. Question(s) of Law:

Is it right for  judges  to deny  justice . is it right on the part of judges to delay justice  under various ruses to common man , violate their human rights , fundamental rights.

3. Grounds:
Requests for equitable justice , Prosecution of  judges  responsible for  case delays.

4. Averment:

Please read details at :

Honourable Chief Justice of India TAKE ACTION

https://sites.google.com/site/eclarionofdalit/honourable-cji-take-action ,

https://www.scribd.com/doc/312858947/Honourable-CJI-Take-Action


Hereby , I do request the honorable supreme court of India to consider this as a PIL for : “writ of Mandamus” and to issue instructions to the concerned public servants in the following cases to perform their duties & to answer the questions.

The Petitioner has sent many letters / appeals / petitions to supreme court of india & other courts through e-mail , DARPG website & through regular mail requesting them to consider those as PILs. But none ofthem were admitted , even acknowledgement for receipts were not given. See How duty conscious ,our judges are & see how our judges are sensitive towards life , liberty of citizens , common men & see how careless our judges are towards anti national crimes , crimes worth  crores  of rupees. That the present petitioner has not filed any other petition (which are admitted by courts) in any High Court or the Supreme Court of India on the subject matter of the present petition.

PRAYER:
In the above premises, it is prayed that this Hon’ble Court may be pleased:


a . Hereby , I do request the honorable supreme court of India to consider this as a PIL for : “writ of Mandamus” and to issue instructions to the concerned public servants ,  Tax Authorities , Law Enforcement  Agencies , RBI authorities  in the following cases to perform their duties & to answer the below  RTI  questions.

b . to pass such other orders and further orders as may be deemed necessary on the facts and in the circumstances of the case.

c. To legally prosecute responsible , concerned    judges , police & public servants.

d. To cancel  winter , summer vacation holidays for  judges.

e. To  bring down  the holidays  of courts  per year  to twelve on the lines of industrial establishments.

f. To make  it mandatory for judges to  conduct  court hearings  for  8  hours per day.

g. To  bring  down unnecessary court adjournments.

h. to reserve  precious  court timings  only for  arguments  , cross examination of litigants , witnesses.

i. to  use information  technology , internet  for  issue  of  notices , summons and  litigants  submitting  documents , applications  instead of wasting court  time.

j. to introduce  working of courts on shift basis  in the same infrastructure.

k. to   appoint  retired judges  immediately to bring down  gaps in judges requirement.

l. to  order  the biggest  litigant  government of india and all state governments   to  frame  laws  strictly  in  accordance   with  constitution.

m. to order  governments  to  give  proper training for public servants , IAS officers , KAS officers , others   about  law of the land.

o. to make  specific public servants  personally responsible for wrong  applications  of law  while  discharging their duties  and  to  make them pay  compensation from their personal pockets.

p. to  order Chief Justice of India to  pay compensation  of Rupees TWO  CRORES  to Nagaraja Mysuru Raghupathi editor  SOS e Clarion of Dalit & SOS e Voice for Justice , towards the damages he has suffered  due to delayed justice.

 


FOR WHICH ACT OF KINDNESS, THE PETITIONER SHALL BE DUTY BOUND, EVER PRAY.

Dated : 21st  May   2016 ………………….FILED BY: NAGARAJA.M.R.

Place :   Mysuru , India…………………….   PETITIONER-IN-PERSON 

 

Judiciary biased against poor: Justice Saldanha

 

 

Only culprits from certain sections of the society are given death sentence in India while the rich and influential are spared the gallows, observed former high court judge Justice M F Saldanha.

Addressing law students of JSS Law College at an orientation programme here on Monday, he rued that the justice system is biased against socio-economically backward classes. “There have been instances where many rich and popular personalities committed similar crimes but went scot-free,” he noted. There are certain loopholes in the legal system. Academicians, legal parishioners and law students must work towards bridging these gaps and bringing about the desired change in the system, he added, calling upon budding lawyers to follow ethics in their professional and personal lives.

College principal K S Suresh said the country has nearly 4 crore cases pending before the court, due to delay in settling them. Though there are nearly 13,500 courts and two dozen high courts, at this rate, it will take about 100 years to clear the pending cases, he said while stressing on the need to deliver speedy justice. MLA Vishweshwar Hegde Kageri said society has immense faith in the judicial system and called upon the legal fraternity to live up to people’s expectations

 

Traitors  in  Judiciary &  Police

https://www.scribd.com/document/329980170/Traitors-in-Judiciary-Police  ,

 

Crimes  by  Khaki

https://sites.google.com/site/sosevoiceforjustice/crimes-by-khaki 

 

FIRST  Answer  Judges  Police

https://www.scribd.com/document/336585411/FIRST-Answer-Judges-Police 

 

“There is a higher court than the court of justice and that is the court of conscience It supercedes all other courts. ”

– Mahatma Gandhi

 

Pre-Trial Detention

By Amnety International

The Issue

 

India has one of the highest pre-trial detainee populations in the world. Nearly two-thirds of the country’s prisoners are ‘undertrials’. These include men and women presumed to be innocent in the eyes of the law but who are in jail for months and even years waiting for the law to take its course. Some have even been detained for periods longer than what a formal conviction would have brought.

 

 

In 2014, there were 4,18,536 prisoners in various jails in India, of which over 2.8 lakh – more than 67% – were undertrials, according to the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) Prison Statistics –India 2014. NCRB all India figures reveal that 47.8% of undertrials are between the age group of 18 to 30 years.

 

‘Taking Injustice Personally’ and Section 436A Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC)

 

The overarching objective of Amnesty International India’s campaign ‘Taking Injustice Personally’ is to work towards reducing excessive pretrial detention for undertrials, by addressing barriers, both systemic and operational, which exacerbate the problem of prolonged detention in jails. In many cases, such detention can be unlawful and in violation of various international and domestic laws applicable to undertrials.

 

Cognizant of the fact that there are numerous ways in which the problem of excessive pretrial detention can be addressed, we decided to work towards ensuring ‘effective implementation of S. 436A Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC)’ as one way to achieve the project objective.

 

AI India has been working on this issue since 2013, with relevant state agencies and the judiciary in seeking accurate application of this law. This section allows for the release of an undertrial, on personal bond, – it is hence particularly useful for undertrials who cannot afford to pay bail.

 

 

During the course of our research on this issue, AI India identified four key issues which hinder application of this law. Most of these issues also contribute substantially to the problem of excessive pretrial detention. These are:

 

1. Lack of proper prison and court record management

 

2. Lack of effective legal aid services

 

3. Delays in court productions due to lack of adequate police escorts and video-conferencing facilities

 

4. Non-functional Undertrial Review Committees (UTRC)

 

Coupled with these reasons are a lack of awareness and understanding about application of this law.

 

For a detailed insight into these reasons, please read our briefing – AI India findings and recommendations.

 

In August-September 2014, the government expressed an intent to push for implementation of S. 436A CrPC – to decongest prisons and uphold the rights of undertrials.

 

This was soon followed by a Supreme Court order in the Bhim Singh vs. Union of India case, where the Court directed district judges across all states to visit jails within their jurisdiction and identify and release undertrials eligible for release under S. 436A CrPC. Despite at least seven hearings over the last one year and nearly 10 months since the expiry of the deadline set by the Supreme Court in September 2014, the order has not been complied with. Also, there is no indication from the Central Government on the number of under trials released pursuant to this order.

 

All these initiatives can contribute to the effective implementation of this law. However, unless the systemic and operational failings highlighted above are not rectified, they are likely to have limited long-term and sustainable impact.

 

Consequences of excessive undertrial detention and aggravating factors

 

 

 

1. Overcrowding in jails.

 

Excessive undertrial detention not only adversely affects the lives of prisoners and their families, but also leads to overcrowding in prisons, which puts undue pressure on the entire criminal justice system machinery. Prisons in India have an average occupancy rate of 117.4%. Some of the most overcrowded jails in India include those situated in Dadra and Nagar Haveli (33.17%) Chhattisgarh (258.9%) and Delhi (221.6%).

 

This means, for example, in Chhattisgarh, every cell meant to house 100 inmates in actuality houses 259 inmates.

 

Needless to say, overcrowded jails lead to extremely poor conditions of detention, aggravating the lack of adequate sanitation, food and health care in jails. The conditions in jails are conducive for the transmission of diseases including skin infections, tuberculosis, malaria and other communicable diseases.

 

Overcrowding also adds to the burden on jail officials who have to manage the security and movement of a large number of undertrials within the jail premises. Congested jails often tend to be chaotic and unsupervised. Inmates are at a heightened risk of physical and psychological abuse and ill-treatment and even torture.

 

2. Inadequate legal representation.

 

Most undertrials in India have low levels of education and are therefore unlikely to be aware of their legal rights. According to NCRB 2013 figures, over 71% of the undertrial population is educated below class ten.

 

Undertrials, thus, are among the most vulnerable sections of the prison population – they are less able to contribute to the preparation of their defence than defendants who remain at liberty. The quality of communication between the undertrial and his/her lawyer remains largely poor with the former often dependent (due to restricted access to telephones, etc.) on the latter to communicate with them. The meeting rooms where undertrials meet their lawyers are mostly crowded and guarded by jail officials, making the environment unconducive for uninhibited and effective meetings.

 

Undertrials may also be unable to engage a private lawyer due to a lack of resources. They are then compelled to seek free legal aid from the state, which can be inadequate and ineffective.

 

3. Loss of familial ties, livelihood and adverse impact on family.

 

Pretrial detention, particularly when it is indefinite, subjects undertrials to severe emotional stress due to separation from their family, friends and community. Furthermore, uncertainty regarding the duration of detention coupled with anxieties related to unsuitable and sometimes dangerous prison conditions, can contribute to depression and suicidal tendencies.

 

Undertrials detained for long periods of time lose their jobs, which could cause further economic hardship to them and their families.

 

4. Loss to the state exchequer

 

Apart from violating numerous rights of an individual, excessive undertrial detention also leads to wasting of public resources.

 

According to the NCRB, the average annual expenditure per inmate is Rs. 24,768.

 

The amount spent by the state on overcrowded jails can, instead, be better utilized on activities which promote public security, such as increasing the number of jail and police personnel, investing in their training and infrastructural facilities etc.

 

Amnesty International India’s work with Government of Karnataka

 

Amnesty International India (AI India) seeks to work with the Government of Karnataka to reduce the number of undertrials who are in detention in jails across the state. This will help decrease overcrowding, ensure that undertrials eligible to be released under law are not held in jail, and make Karnataka’s criminal justice system a role model for the rest of the country.

 

Towards this objective, immediate and effective implementation of Sec. 436A CrPC has been stressed by both the Central and State Government vide the:

 

a. Central Directive No. V-13013/70/2012-IS (VI), dated 17th January 2013 (enclosed A1), issued by Union Ministry of Home Affairs (CS Division) and

 

b. Government Order No HD 51 PRA 2012, dated 12th November 2013 (enclosed A2), issued by the Karnataka Home Department

 

We have been working on this issue since March 2013, and have met several people including the Home Minister, the Law Minister, Principal Secretary (Home), ADGP (Prisons), former Supreme Court and High Court judges, members of the Legal Aid community, activists, lawyers, public prosecutors, and former and current police officials.

 

We have also conducted an interactive session at the Karnataka Judicial Academy with the Principal District Judges of all districts in Karnataka. The aim was to, firstly, understand the systemic factors and challenges that contribute to excessive and prolonged pretrial detention in Karnataka; and secondly to explore creative ways of reducing pretrial detention.

 

Justice Delayed is Justice Denied

By  Pradip Kumar Das

 

Before I start I would like to highlight something about the origin of the quoted line “Justice delayed is justice denied.” This line was written by William Ewart Gladstone (1809 – 1898). He was one of the greatest of English Politicians and also former British Prime Minister.

 

The 15th August 1947 is a red-letter day to the Indians. India got freedom on this day at midnight. The last ship carrying British soldiers left India for England. Struggle for independence was thus over on this day. But, to speak the truth, it was only the beginning of a struggle — the struggle to live as an independent nation and to establish a democracy based on the ideas of justice, liberty, equality and fraternity. Keeping these ideals in mind the Preamble to the Indian constitution, interalia, declares that —

“We the people of India having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a sovereign, socialist, secular, Democratic Republic and to secure to all its citizens — Justice, — social, economic and political …. .But sixty years after Independence, we have endless laws but not enough justice. The founding fathers of our constitution placed “Justice” at the highest pedestal and our preamble to the constitution placed justice higher that the other features like liberty, equality and fraternity. People use to go to the judiciary in quest of justice.

 

In the words of Dr. Cyrus Das2 “Justice is a consumer product and must therefore meet the test of confidence, reliability and dependability like any other product if it is to survive market scrutiny. It exists for the citizenry, ‘at whose service only the system of justice must work’. Judicial responsibility, accountability and independence are in every sense inseparable. They are, and must be, — embodied in the institution of the judiciary.” Credibility of the judiciary is at stake now due to mounting arrears of cases, delays in disposal and also high cost of obtaining justice. The denial of justice through delay is the biggest mockery of law. It does not amount to mere mockery, the delay in fact kills the entire fabric of justice delivery system of the country.

 

‘Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice — everywhere’3:

There was a time when it was an age of barbarism. Civilization begins to progress through many ups and downs. Today we have reached, so to speak, the culmination of civilization. Justice and the judiciary is the inevitable result of that civilization. But the present day society is a victim to the dilatoriness of the process of justice. People unfortunately fall victim to injustice. They suffer day after day. A Major portions of the Indian people are very poor and illiterate as well. They come to the court to get justice by paying their hard-earned money. They pay to advocates, Law clerks day after day, and wait for justice. They pay for court fees and vokalatnama and wait for justice. Month after month, year after year passes away- they wait for justice.

 

They become gradually destitute by selling their everything to meet the fees of advocates, law clerks and other expenses and still wait for justice. Sometimes they pass away from the world and never get justice. Dilly-dally policy in the judiciary makes them deprived of having justice. Thus justice remains untouched by many victims in the Indian judicial system. The more they do not get relief, the more they lose their faith in judiciary. As a result, people gradually will take law in their own hand, which will lead a social anarchism. There will be deep darkness of frustration and futility, — nihilism and cynicism all around. The whole society will be in jeopardy, as the entire judicial system will collapse under its own weight. In the words of K. G. Balakrishnan, Hon’ble Chief Justice of India, “…. the peoples faith in the judicial system will begin to wane, because justice that is delayed is forgotten, excluded and finally discharged …4.”

 

The Real Scenario:

There are about 10,000 courts in India .Out of these, one Supreme Court, 21 High Courts, 3150 District Courts, 4861 Munsif and 1st class Magistrate courts and 1964 2nd class Magistrate courts are there. Besides, there are many tribunals. There are 4.04 crores cases pending in different district courts across the country while there is a backlog of 34 lacks cases in State High Courts. 1,66,77,657 criminal cases are pending before Magisterial courts and 72,37,495 civil cases are pending in various subordinate courts. As many as 70 percent of these cases are -litigations from villagers. Again some of these cases are as long as 25 to 30 years old. The longer a case runs, the more expensive it becomes to pursue. Within the High Courts, maximum number of cases are pending in Calcutta, Allahabad, Chennai, Mumbai and in Kerala High court. Out of the pending cases in these High Courts, 88 percent are civil cases and only 12 percent are criminal cases. Maximum number of pending cases in lower judiciary are in U.P., Gujrat, Maharashtra, M.P., W.B. and in Karnataka.

 

Primary causes behind Law’s Delays:

a) The hopelessly inadequate number of judges and also courts in the country is undoubtedly one of the major reasons for such delay. Successive Governments have not only failed to increase the numerical strength of judges and courts but have also been slack in filling up of vacancies. In Mumbai, for example, 50 metropolitan magistrate courts serve a population of more than 12 million of people. At present the country’s 21 High Courts have a combined strength of 725 judges; but there are 128 vacancies left to fill up. The High courts are handling an overwhelming 34,00,000 cases and the shortage of judges is only delaying the legal process. It is not out of place here to mention that there is only 10 – 12 judges per 10 lacks of people in India while in U.S.A., it is 60 – 70 judges per 10 lacks of people, 40 – 50 judges in U.K., even in Pakistan the rate is much higher than that of India.

 

b) If the inadequate number of judges is one reason behind delay in judicial process another reason is the incompetence and inefficiency of judges. There are some law colleges in India where students do not have to attend classes, teachers need not deliver lectures and syllabus need not be followed. These colleges have become factory of distribution of law degree. A degree is the sole requirement to become a member of the Bar and a degree coupled with a few years standing at the Bar is the only requirement for joining the Bench (in some cases that is also not required). As a result the quality of judges is far from satisfactory to give us the desired level of — competence, efficiency and effectiveness. Good judgment prevents multiplicity of proceedings. Good advice by lawyers followed by good assistance prevents unnecessary litigation and wastage of time.

 

(c) The habit of taking adjournment by the lawyers is another reason behind delay. Some lawyers take adjournment unnecessarily to harass opposite parties and to extract money from clients. Some of them causes delay by continuing meaningless argument day after day. In Government cases, adjournment are freely sought to file affidavit because the offices of the Advocate General, the Attorney General and Solicitors General to the Central and State Governments are inadequately staffed and equipped. However, the habit of taking adjournment by lawyers day after day, poses a serious threat to the entire judiciary, which only can be equated with the disease of cancer.

 

(d) Endless amendment of laws is another reason behind delay. Most of Indian laws were amended time and again. As a result, it takes time to understand and explain the new provisions of law. It kills valuable time of court. These endless amendments make the legal system slow and confusing. Our propensity for enacting laws is really a problem. The Income Tax Act, for example, has been amended over 4000 times since it came into force in 1961. According to Late Mr. Nani A. Palkhivala, the tragedy of India is the tragedy of wastage of national time, energy and manpower for grappling with torrential countless amendments.

 

(e) Absence of work culture in the courts is another reason behind the delayed — justice. Every work of courts is carried out very slowly. Attraction to the holidays makes the work of judiciary dilatory and procrastinating. Number of — holidays, especially in higher judiciary, are so vast that one can easily count the number of working days. This adds to the number of mountainous pending cases in the court.

 

Some facts:

There are several cases where — judgements were delivered by courts after a long time. In Safdar Hasmi murder case, for example, who was killed by political opponents, the criminals were punished after a long 15 years. In Tanduri murder case, the accused a Delhi Congress Leader Susil Sarma was convicted with death sentence after long 8 years 6 months. He murdered Nayna Sahani and destroyed evidence by burning her body within a Delhi based hotel. In Model Jesicalal Murder case and Madhumita Sarma Murder case, accused persons were punished after a long legal battle. The Supreme Court of India is not even immune to delays. It’s much acclaimed — judgment in the D.K. Basu case in 1996, known for its directives aimed to prevent custodial torture, took ten years to be reached5. If a judgment takes this long time in the Supreme Court what can be expected from courts of lesser authority?

 

Various Committees:

For speedy trial and quick — disposal of cases several committees were formed by the Government from time to time. In 1924 a committee was formed under the chairmanship of Justice Rankin. In 1949 Justice S.R. Das Committee, in 1972 Justice J.C. Shaha committee, in 1986 Satish Chandra Committee and in 1990 Justice V.S. Mallimath committee. But the situation has not so changed from 1926 to 2007. The law commission in its 120th report submitted in 1987 — examined the problem of understaffing of judiciary and recommended 50 judges per million of population instead of the present number 10.5. The inadequate number of judges is a major reason behind delay in disposal of cases.

 

Thus, the main cause of judicial procrastination is not in the hand of judiciary but in the hand of executive and administrative wings. Justice R. P. Sethi in Anil Rai vs. State of Bihar, Criminal appeal of 6th August, 2001], [observed that in a country like ours where people consider judges second only to God, effort should be made to strengthen that belief of the common man. His Lordship was of the view that time has come for the judiciary to assert itself to preserve its stature, respect and regard for the rule of law. He observed “for the fault of few”, the glorious and glittering name of the judiciary cannot be permitted to be made ugly6. Former Attorney General of India Mr. Soli Sorabjee in a lecture at the Nehru Center in London lamented the laws delays and said the criminal justice system in India was on the verge of collapse on this reason. He also observed that, “Justice delayed will not only be justice denied, it will be the Rule of law destroyed”7. More than 60 percent of pending court cases in India are the result of — “State” action or inaction because some official of the central or State Government or agency has failed to act justly — towards a citizen or a group of citizen. Lately, Hon’ble Supreme Court has delivered guidelines for quick disposal of cases.

 

The arrears committee headed by Justice V. S. Mallimath (1990) — identified various causes of accumulation of arrears of cases in the High Courts. Some of the principal causes are :

(i) Litigation explosion;

(ii) Accumulation of first appeal;

(iii) Inadequacy of staff attached to the High Court;

(iv) Inordinate concentration of work in the hands of some members of the Bar’

(v) Lack of punctuality among judges;

(vi) Granting of unnecessary adjournments;

(vii) Indiscriminate closure of Courts;

(viii) Indiscriminate resort to writ jurisdiction;

(ix) Inadequacy of classification and granting of cases;

(x) Inordinate delay in the supply of certified copies of judgments and orders etc.

 

Some suggestions and conclusion:

All the above points, should be taken care of. Proper steps should be taken immediately to solve the above problems. Adjournments must not be given on flimsy and frivolous grounds and beyond certain numbers. To speed up the process of justice, computerization of the whole country’s judicial system is the need of the hour. The judges must set examples for themselves and others by maintaining a decent degree of punctuality and dutifulness.

 

However, hoping against hope, Hon’ble Supreme Court has already taken some steps to avoid law’s delay. E-filing has been introduced in the Supreme Court on 2nd October, 2006. It is now possible for any advocate – on -record or any other petitioner to file his matter through internet from anywhere in the world. Computerization has been introduced in some of the High Courts in India. In this era of globalization and rapid technological developments — various avenues of laws are opening day by day. Justice and judiciary have an important role to play in this – globalize world. If we do not care it — that we may at our own risk

 

However, at a cursory glance to the reasons behind laws delay and the steps that have already been taken in various quarters after a long time, the author is of the view that many things still remain to do before long. The real picture is not very satisfactory and encouraging. No effective changes are made particularly in the lower judiciary to prevent laws delays. That is why recently Mr. Fali S. Nariman, an eminent Indian jurist and former Rajya Sabha member, when delivered the first Nani A. Palkhiwala Memorial Lecture, expressed with grief about the laws delays that – “Injustice is easy to bear, what stings is justice”.8

 

Before I conclude I would like to opine with the former Attorney General of India Mr. Soli Sorabjee that — justice delayed will not only be justice denied, it will also destroy the Rule of law,- a basic feature of our Constitution. However, let us gird up the loins to protect and preserve it.

 

 

Edited, printed , published owned by NAGARAJA.M.R. @ # LIG-2  No  761,HUDCO FIRST STAGE ,

OPP WATER WORKS , LAXMIKANTANAGAR , HEBBAL ,MYSURU – 570017  KARNATAKA  INDIA

 

Cell : 91 8970318202

 

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http://www.amnesty.org/en/user/naghrw  

A   Member  of  Amnesty  International   

 


Posted by naghrw at 7:21 AM
Monday, 30 January 2017
Judges Work Less Earn More
Topic: human rights , media

S.O.S   e - Voice For Justice - e-news weekly

Spreading the light of humanity freedom

Editor: Nagaraja.M.R.. Vol.13..Issue.05........04 / 02 / 2017



 

Editorial : Justice  Delayed & Denied

Government Job Maxim

a.       “Two punch one lunch ( work ) ?”

b.      “Government  Job is God’s work. So officials are waiting for god to do his own work !!!”

Judges , Police and  other public servants  responsible  for  delay in justice under one pretext or the other  ( while they shamelessly draw lakhs of rupees pay & perks from public exchequer for themselves ) are totally responsible for :

1.       Destruction of evidences , records , witnesses.

2.       Time bar of case.

3.       For giving free reigns to criminals to  continue with crimes.

4.       Concerned Judges , Police &  other government officials fully liable to pay  compensation from their personal pockets   to the aggrieved  towards  losses due to delayed justice.

 

Hoping  duty consciousness will dawn on our public servants.

 

Your’s

Nagaraja Mysuru raghupathi




After 8 Years, Judges To Get A Huge Pay Hike - Close To 300 Per Cent

 

The judges of the Supreme Court and High Court will soon receive a huge pay hike. The Chief Justice of India TS Thakur has written to the government, forwarding a judges' committee report which recommended a hike of over 300% including pension and perks.

Finance minister Arun Jaitley has agreed with most of the recommendations, sources said. A cabinet note is being prepared, which after formal clearance, will go to parliament.


The salaries of the judges were last hiked eight years ago. But the implementation of the new hike can take time as the hikes of lawmakers - current and former - the President and the Vice-President are still pending.

At present, the Chief Justice of India gets a salary of 
Rs. 1 lakh. Against the judges' committee recommendation to hike his salary by Rs. 3 lakh, the government has agreed to hike it by Rs. 2.8 lakh.

For Supreme Court judges, the present salary is Rs. 90,000. The judges' committee recommended a pay hike of Rs. 2.8 lakh and the government has agreed to an increase of Rs. 2.5 lakh.

The salary of High Court judges will increase from Rs. 80,000 to Rs. 2.25 lakh against the recommendation of Rs. 2.5 lakh.

The government has not agreed to an increase of house rent allowance, since a committee is already looking into the issue following the 7th pay commission recommendations.

Under the pay commission recommendations, they get a steep hike in funds for furnishing their houses. It ranges from Rs. 10 lakh for the Chief Justice of India to 6 lakh for judges of High Court and 1,500 free phone calls. The judges will continue to get free water up to 36 kilo liters and free power of 10,000 units.

The pensions of the judges will be hiked as well. The Chief Justice of India will get Rs. 16,80,000 plus dearness allowance, the Supreme Court judges Rs. 15 lakh plus dearness allowance and High Court judges Rs. 13.5 lakh plus dearness allowance a year. Their gratuity would be doubled to Rs. 20 lakh.

 

 

PIL –   Justice  Denied

IN THE SUPREME COURT OF INDIA ORIGINAL JURISDICTION

CRIMINAL WRIT PETITION NO. OF 2015


IN THE MATTER OF 


NAGARAJA . M.R 

editor SOS e Clarion of Dalit & SOS e Voice for Justice
# LIG 2 , No 761 ,, HUDCO First Stage , Laxmikantanagar ,
Hebbal , Mysore – 570017 , Karnataka State
.
....Petitioner

Versus 

Honourable  Chief Justice of India    & Others 

....Respondents 



PETITION UNDER ARTICLE 12 to ARTICLE 35 & ARTICLE 51A OF THE CONSTITUTION OF INDIA FOR ISSUANCE OF A WRIT IN THE NATURE OF MANDAMUS UNDER ARTICLE 32 & ARTICLE 226 OF THE CONSTITUTION OF INDIA. 


To ,
Hon'ble The Chief Justice of India and His Lordship's Companion
Justices of the Supreme Court of India.

 

The Humble petition of the   Petitioner above named.

MOST RESPECTFULLY SHOWETH :
1. Facts of the case:
a. Every human being , every Indian citizen  are equal  and guaranteed  equitable justice  as  their  human right and  Constitutional right.

b. In india  mafia of powers that be  and government  ensure  that  cases drag on for years , so that  poor litigant  either dies before  judgement day  or  opts out in  the middle.  Due to this delaying tactics  ,  many poor people  rather suffer injustice  instead of seeking justice in courts.  Mafia  indirectly forces  them  to  keep away from litigation.

c. Due to  occupation induced health problems  my health is deteriorating day by day , some of the  PILs concerning national security , public welfare   I  have  filed are  two decades old , still no justice in sight. Judges   not even  admitted the cases.

d. Actual working hours , working days for judges  are  less in india. Too many case adjournments ,  less number of judges , too many  holidays for  judges like  summer vacation , winter vacation , working hours less than 8 hours per day , etc.

e. Judges  work  less  but  enjoy  5 star  pay & perks at public expense.

f. Due  to  denial of justice  common people suffer injustice for more time or till  their death. Say  some falsely implicated persons  suffer in jail for years till their acquittal by  courts , some petty criminals  whose  crime  attracts  one year imprisonment   suffers in jail for  ten years. Because they are not well connected , cann’t afford  hi fi  advocates , bail fees.

g. Due  to  lethargic  judiciary  , some land  acquisition cases    drag on for years   land  looser  suffers  also  the   project  cost   escalates  by  hundreds  thousands  of  crores  of  rupees.

h. The lethargic  Judiciary  in  India  itself  is the biggest violator  of  common man’s  human rights , fundamental rights. It is the culprit responsible for  loss of thousands of crores of rupees to public exchequer   due  to  project  cost  escalations.

i. when  a common  man’s  human rights , human rights   is  violated  in  the  form  of  delaying  tactics  by court  of  law  , judiciary  , the presiding judge becomes a criminal  and liable to pay damages to the aggrieved.

j. The central government  and  state government  yearly  spend  thousands of  crores of rupees  unnecessarily  like  purchasing  new cars  for  ministers , renovation , interior  decorations  of  minister’s  bungalows ,  foreign jaunts , etc. These are  all not  priority one  spending. Out  of  these  spending   how many  more  judges  could be appointed , paid salaries.

k. when  compared to  project  cost  escalations  of  thousands of  crores  of rupees  caused  due  to  case delays  , is it not wise  on the part of government to  appoint  requisite number of judges  with  additional budget burden of  few  crores  of  rupees.

l. Both  central  and  state governments  are  the biggest  litigants  in the country.

m. Government is manipulating  judicial process by  denying finance  to  appoint more judges , to create more court infrastructures.

n. We common people are  imposed  with time limits  to mandatorily comply with,  in our interactions with other public , with government authorities , with courts itself. For our failures we common people are penalized.

0. Paradoxically , there is no mandatory  time limits  for judges , public servants to finish  specific works concerning public. In most of the cases they adopt delaying tactics  , deny justice still they  are not penalized and  don’t  pay any compensation to the aggrieved public.

p. Due  to delaying tactics  of judges , many  anti national crimes , terror attacks took place  and still continuing  which could have been  well averted in time  if judges  took timely action. For helping  mafia  by  the way of delayed  justice , mafia rewards some of those judges with post retirement postings , promotions , site allotments , etc.

q. The Judiciary has the right , authority , power to order  government  to  allocate finance for  appointing judges , setting up court  infrastructure. If the  government  gives   ruse  of  no  money  in it’s account , courts can  definitely monitor  spending of government , cut down on  waste , non-priority spending of government , divert such money for  appointment of judges , court infrastructure development. No  need  for  CJI  to  weep before prime minister.  Judges  themselves  never  consider  the sufferings  of  weeping  litigants.  It shows the weakness  of  CJI and  a shame to our nation.



2. Question(s) of Law:

Is it right for  judges  to deny  justice . is it right on the part of judges to delay justice  under various ruses to common man , violate their human rights , fundamental rights.

3. Grounds:
Requests for equitable justice , Prosecution of  judges  responsible for  case delays.


4. Averment: 

Please read details at :

Honourable Chief Justice of India TAKE ACTION

https://sites.google.com/site/eclarionofdalit/honourable-cji-take-action ,

https://www.scribd.com/doc/312858947/Honourable-CJI-Take-Action


Hereby , I do request the honorable supreme court of India to consider this as a PIL for : “writ of Mandamus” and to issue instructions to the concerned public servants in the following cases to perform their duties & to answer the questions. 


The Petitioner has sent many letters / appeals / petitions to supreme court of india & other courts through e-mail , DARPG website & through regular mail requesting them to consider those as PILs. But none ofthem were admitted , even acknowledgement for receipts were not given. See How duty conscious ,our judges are & see how our judges are sensitive towards life , liberty of citizens , common men & see how careless our judges are towards anti national crimes , crimes worth  crores  of rupees. That the present petitioner has not filed any other petition (which are admitted by courts) in any High Court or the Supreme Court of India on the subject matter of the present petition.

PRAYER:
In the above premises, it is prayed that this Hon'ble Court may be pleased:


a . Hereby , I do request the honorable supreme court of India to consider this as a PIL for : “writ of Mandamus” and to issue instructions to the concerned public servants ,  Tax Authorities , Law Enforcement  Agencies , RBI authorities  in the following cases to perform their duties & to answer the below  RTI  questions.

b . to pass such other orders and further orders as may be deemed necessary on the facts and in the circumstances of the case. 

c. To legally prosecute responsible , concerned    judges , police & public servants.

d. To cancel  winter , summer vacation holidays for  judges.

e. To  bring down  the holidays  of courts  per year  to twelve on the lines of industrial establishments.

f. To make  it mandatory for judges to  conduct  court hearings  for  8  hours per day.

g. To  bring  down unnecessary court adjournments.

h. to reserve  precious  court timings  only for  arguments  , cross examination of litigants , witnesses.

i. to  use information  technology , internet  for  issue  of  notices , summons and  litigants  submitting  documents , applications  instead of wasting court  time.

j. to introduce  working of courts on shift basis  in the same infrastructure.

k. to   appoint  retired judges  immediately to bring down  gaps in judges requirement.

l. to  order  the biggest  litigant  government of india and all state governments   to  frame  laws  strictly  in  accordance   with  constitution.

m. to order  governments  to  give  proper training for public servants , IAS officers , KAS officers , others   about  law of the land.

o. to make  specific public servants  personally responsible for wrong  applications  of law  while  discharging their duties  and  to  make them pay  compensation from their personal pockets.

p. to  order Chief Justice of India to  pay compensation  of Rupees TWO  CRORES  to Nagaraja Mysuru Raghupathi editor  SOS e Clarion of Dalit & SOS e Voice for Justice , towards the damages he has suffered  due to delayed justice.

 


FOR WHICH ACT OF KINDNESS, THE PETITIONER SHALL BE DUTY BOUND, EVER PRAY. 



Dated : 21st  May   2016 ………………….FILED BY: NAGARAJA.M.R.

Place :   Mysuru , India…………………….   PETITIONER-IN-PERSON 

 

Judiciary biased against poor: Justice Saldanha

 

 

Only culprits from certain sections of the society are given death sentence in India while the rich and influential are spared the gallows, observed former high court judge Justice M F Saldanha. 

Addressing law students of JSS Law College at an orientation programme here on Monday, he rued that the justice system is biased against socio-economically backward classes. "There have been instances where many rich and popular personalities committed similar crimes but went scot-free," he noted. There are certain loopholes in the legal system. Academicians, legal parishioners and law students must work towards bridging these gaps and bringing about the desired change in the system, he added, calling upon budding lawyers to follow ethics in their professional and personal lives. 

College principal K S Suresh said the country has nearly 4 crore cases pending before the court, due to delay in settling them. Though there are nearly 13,500 courts and two dozen high courts, at this rate, it will take about 100 years to clear the pending cases, he said while stressing on the need to deliver speedy justice. MLA Vishweshwar Hegde Kageri said society has immense faith in the judicial system and called upon the legal fraternity to live up to people's expectations

 

Traitors  in  Judiciary &  Police

https://www.scribd.com/document/329980170/Traitors-in-Judiciary-Police  ,

 

Crimes  by  Khaki

https://sites.google.com/site/sosevoiceforjustice/crimes-by-khaki 

 

FIRST  Answer  Judges  Police

https://www.scribd.com/document/336585411/FIRST-Answer-Judges-Police 

 

“There is a higher court than the court of justice and that is the court of conscience It supercedes all other courts. ”

- Mahatma Gandhi

 

Pre-Trial Detention

By Amnety International

The Issue

 

India has one of the highest pre-trial detainee populations in the world. Nearly two-thirds of the country’s prisoners are ‘undertrials’. These include men and women presumed to be innocent in the eyes of the law but who are in jail for months and even years waiting for the law to take its course. Some have even been detained for periods longer than what a formal conviction would have brought.

 

 

In 2014, there were 4,18,536 prisoners in various jails in India, of which over 2.8 lakh – more than 67% - were undertrials, according to the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) Prison Statistics –India 2014. NCRB all India figures reveal that 47.8% of undertrials are between the age group of 18 to 30 years.

 

‘Taking Injustice Personally’ and Section 436A Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC)

 

The overarching objective of Amnesty International India’s campaign ‘Taking Injustice Personally’ is to work towards reducing excessive pretrial detention for undertrials, by addressing barriers, both systemic and operational, which exacerbate the problem of prolonged detention in jails. In many cases, such detention can be unlawful and in violation of various international and domestic laws applicable to undertrials.

 

Cognizant of the fact that there are numerous ways in which the problem of excessive pretrial detention can be addressed, we decided to work towards ensuring ‘effective implementation of S. 436A Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC)’ as one way to achieve the project objective.

 

AI India has been working on this issue since 2013, with relevant state agencies and the judiciary in seeking accurate application of this law. This section allows for the release of an undertrial, on personal bond, – it is hence particularly useful for undertrials who cannot afford to pay bail.

 

 

During the course of our research on this issue, AI India identified four key issues which hinder application of this law. Most of these issues also contribute substantially to the problem of excessive pretrial detention. These are:

 

1. Lack of proper prison and court record management

 

2. Lack of effective legal aid services

 

3. Delays in court productions due to lack of adequate police escorts and video-conferencing facilities

 

4. Non-functional Undertrial Review Committees (UTRC)

 

Coupled with these reasons are a lack of awareness and understanding about application of this law.

 

For a detailed insight into these reasons, please read our briefing - AI India findings and recommendations.

 

In August-September 2014, the government expressed an intent to push for implementation of S. 436A CrPC - to decongest prisons and uphold the rights of undertrials.

 

This was soon followed by a Supreme Court order in the Bhim Singh vs. Union of India case, where the Court directed district judges across all states to visit jails within their jurisdiction and identify and release undertrials eligible for release under S. 436A CrPC. Despite at least seven hearings over the last one year and nearly 10 months since the expiry of the deadline set by the Supreme Court in September 2014, the order has not been complied with. Also, there is no indication from the Central Government on the number of under trials released pursuant to this order.

 

All these initiatives can contribute to the effective implementation of this law. However, unless the systemic and operational failings highlighted above are not rectified, they are likely to have limited long-term and sustainable impact.

 

Consequences of excessive undertrial detention and aggravating factors

 

 

 

1. Overcrowding in jails.

 

Excessive undertrial detention not only adversely affects the lives of prisoners and their families, but also leads to overcrowding in prisons, which puts undue pressure on the entire criminal justice system machinery. Prisons in India have an average occupancy rate of 117.4%. Some of the most overcrowded jails in India include those situated in Dadra and Nagar Haveli (33.17%) Chhattisgarh (258.9%) and Delhi (221.6%).

 

This means, for example, in Chhattisgarh, every cell meant to house 100 inmates in actuality houses 259 inmates.

 

Needless to say, overcrowded jails lead to extremely poor conditions of detention, aggravating the lack of adequate sanitation, food and health care in jails. The conditions in jails are conducive for the transmission of diseases including skin infections, tuberculosis, malaria and other communicable diseases.

 

Overcrowding also adds to the burden on jail officials who have to manage the security and movement of a large number of undertrials within the jail premises. Congested jails often tend to be chaotic and unsupervised. Inmates are at a heightened risk of physical and psychological abuse and ill-treatment and even torture.

 

2. Inadequate legal representation.

 

Most undertrials in India have low levels of education and are therefore unlikely to be aware of their legal rights. According to NCRB 2013 figures, over 71% of the undertrial population is educated below class ten.

 

Undertrials, thus, are among the most vulnerable sections of the prison population – they are less able to contribute to the preparation of their defence than defendants who remain at liberty. The quality of communication between the undertrial and his/her lawyer remains largely poor with the former often dependent (due to restricted access to telephones, etc.) on the latter to communicate with them. The meeting rooms where undertrials meet their lawyers are mostly crowded and guarded by jail officials, making the environment unconducive for uninhibited and effective meetings.

 

Undertrials may also be unable to engage a private lawyer due to a lack of resources. They are then compelled to seek free legal aid from the state, which can be inadequate and ineffective.

 

3. Loss of familial ties, livelihood and adverse impact on family.

 

Pretrial detention, particularly when it is indefinite, subjects undertrials to severe emotional stress due to separation from their family, friends and community. Furthermore, uncertainty regarding the duration of detention coupled with anxieties related to unsuitable and sometimes dangerous prison conditions, can contribute to depression and suicidal tendencies.

 

Undertrials detained for long periods of time lose their jobs, which could cause further economic hardship to them and their families.

 

4. Loss to the state exchequer

 

Apart from violating numerous rights of an individual, excessive undertrial detention also leads to wasting of public resources.

 

According to the NCRB, the average annual expenditure per inmate is Rs. 24,768.

 

The amount spent by the state on overcrowded jails can, instead, be better utilized on activities which promote public security, such as increasing the number of jail and police personnel, investing in their training and infrastructural facilities etc.

 

Amnesty International India’s work with Government of Karnataka

 

Amnesty International India (AI India) seeks to work with the Government of Karnataka to reduce the number of undertrials who are in detention in jails across the state. This will help decrease overcrowding, ensure that undertrials eligible to be released under law are not held in jail, and make Karnataka’s criminal justice system a role model for the rest of the country.

 

Towards this objective, immediate and effective implementation of Sec. 436A CrPC has been stressed by both the Central and State Government vide the:

 

a. Central Directive No. V-13013/70/2012-IS (VI), dated 17th January 2013 (enclosed A1), issued by Union Ministry of Home Affairs (CS Division) and

 

b. Government Order No HD 51 PRA 2012, dated 12th November 2013 (enclosed A2), issued by the Karnataka Home Department

 

We have been working on this issue since March 2013, and have met several people including the Home Minister, the Law Minister, Principal Secretary (Home), ADGP (Prisons), former Supreme Court and High Court judges, members of the Legal Aid community, activists, lawyers, public prosecutors, and former and current police officials.

 

We have also conducted an interactive session at the Karnataka Judicial Academy with the Principal District Judges of all districts in Karnataka. The aim was to, firstly, understand the systemic factors and challenges that contribute to excessive and prolonged pretrial detention in Karnataka; and secondly to explore creative ways of reducing pretrial detention.

 

Justice Delayed is Justice Denied

By  Pradip Kumar Das

 

Before I start I would like to highlight something about the origin of the quoted line "Justice delayed is justice denied." This line was written by William Ewart Gladstone (1809 - 1898). He was one of the greatest of English Politicians and also former British Prime Minister.

 

The 15th August 1947 is a red-letter day to the Indians. India got freedom on this day at midnight. The last ship carrying British soldiers left India for England. Struggle for independence was thus over on this day. But, to speak the truth, it was only the beginning of a struggle -- the struggle to live as an independent nation and to establish a democracy based on the ideas of justice, liberty, equality and fraternity. Keeping these ideals in mind the Preamble to the Indian constitution, interalia, declares that --

"We the people of India having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a sovereign, socialist, secular, Democratic Republic and to secure to all its citizens -- Justice, -- social, economic and political .... .But sixty years after Independence, we have endless laws but not enough justice. The founding fathers of our constitution placed "Justice" at the highest pedestal and our preamble to the constitution placed justice higher that the other features like liberty, equality and fraternity. People use to go to the judiciary in quest of justice.

 

In the words of Dr. Cyrus Das2 "Justice is a consumer product and must therefore meet the test of confidence, reliability and dependability like any other product if it is to survive market scrutiny. It exists for the citizenry, 'at whose service only the system of justice must work'. Judicial responsibility, accountability and independence are in every sense inseparable. They are, and must be, -- embodied in the institution of the judiciary." Credibility of the judiciary is at stake now due to mounting arrears of cases, delays in disposal and also high cost of obtaining justice. The denial of justice through delay is the biggest mockery of law. It does not amount to mere mockery, the delay in fact kills the entire fabric of justice delivery system of the country.

 

'Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice -- everywhere'3:

There was a time when it was an age of barbarism. Civilization begins to progress through many ups and downs. Today we have reached, so to speak, the culmination of civilization. Justice and the judiciary is the inevitable result of that civilization. But the present day society is a victim to the dilatoriness of the process of justice. People unfortunately fall victim to injustice. They suffer day after day. A Major portions of the Indian people are very poor and illiterate as well. They come to the court to get justice by paying their hard-earned money. They pay to advocates, Law clerks day after day, and wait for justice. They pay for court fees and vokalatnama and wait for justice. Month after month, year after year passes away- they wait for justice.

 

They become gradually destitute by selling their everything to meet the fees of advocates, law clerks and other expenses and still wait for justice. Sometimes they pass away from the world and never get justice. Dilly-dally policy in the judiciary makes them deprived of having justice. Thus justice remains untouched by many victims in the Indian judicial system. The more they do not get relief, the more they lose their faith in judiciary. As a result, people gradually will take law in their own hand, which will lead a social anarchism. There will be deep darkness of frustration and futility, -- nihilism and cynicism all around. The whole society will be in jeopardy, as the entire judicial system will collapse under its own weight. In the words of K. G. Balakrishnan, Hon'ble Chief Justice of India, ".... the peoples faith in the judicial system will begin to wane, because justice that is delayed is forgotten, excluded and finally discharged ...4."

 

The Real Scenario:

There are about 10,000 courts in India .Out of these, one Supreme Court, 21 High Courts, 3150 District Courts, 4861 Munsif and 1st class Magistrate courts and 1964 2nd class Magistrate courts are there. Besides, there are many tribunals. There are 4.04 crores cases pending in different district courts across the country while there is a backlog of 34 lacks cases in State High Courts. 1,66,77,657 criminal cases are pending before Magisterial courts and 72,37,495 civil cases are pending in various subordinate courts. As many as 70 percent of these cases are -litigations from villagers. Again some of these cases are as long as 25 to 30 years old. The longer a case runs, the more expensive it becomes to pursue. Within the High Courts, maximum number of cases are pending in Calcutta, Allahabad, Chennai, Mumbai and in Kerala High court. Out of the pending cases in these High Courts, 88 percent are civil cases and only 12 percent are criminal cases. Maximum number of pending cases in lower judiciary are in U.P., Gujrat, Maharashtra, M.P., W.B. and in Karnataka.

 

Primary causes behind Law's Delays:

a) The hopelessly inadequate number of judges and also courts in the country is undoubtedly one of the major reasons for such delay. Successive Governments have not only failed to increase the numerical strength of judges and courts but have also been slack in filling up of vacancies. In Mumbai, for example, 50 metropolitan magistrate courts serve a population of more than 12 million of people. At present the country's 21 High Courts have a combined strength of 725 judges; but there are 128 vacancies left to fill up. The High courts are handling an overwhelming 34,00,000 cases and the shortage of judges is only delaying the legal process. It is not out of place here to mention that there is only 10 - 12 judges per 10 lacks of people in India while in U.S.A., it is 60 - 70 judges per 10 lacks of people, 40 - 50 judges in U.K., even in Pakistan the rate is much higher than that of India.

 

b) If the inadequate number of judges is one reason behind delay in judicial process another reason is the incompetence and inefficiency of judges. There are some law colleges in India where students do not have to attend classes, teachers need not deliver lectures and syllabus need not be followed. These colleges have become factory of distribution of law degree. A degree is the sole requirement to become a member of the Bar and a degree coupled with a few years standing at the Bar is the only requirement for joining the Bench (in some cases that is also not required). As a result the quality of judges is far from satisfactory to give us the desired level of -- competence, efficiency and effectiveness. Good judgment prevents multiplicity of proceedings. Good advice by lawyers followed by good assistance prevents unnecessary litigation and wastage of time.

 

(c) The habit of taking adjournment by the lawyers is another reason behind delay. Some lawyers take adjournment unnecessarily to harass opposite parties and to extract money from clients. Some of them causes delay by continuing meaningless argument day after day. In Government cases, adjournment are freely sought to file affidavit because the offices of the Advocate General, the Attorney General and Solicitors General to the Central and State Governments are inadequately staffed and equipped. However, the habit of taking adjournment by lawyers day after day, poses a serious threat to the entire judiciary, which only can be equated with the disease of cancer.

 

(d) Endless amendment of laws is another reason behind delay. Most of Indian laws were amended time and again. As a result, it takes time to understand and explain the new provisions of law. It kills valuable time of court. These endless amendments make the legal system slow and confusing. Our propensity for enacting laws is really a problem. The Income Tax Act, for example, has been amended over 4000 times since it came into force in 1961. According to Late Mr. Nani A. Palkhivala, the tragedy of India is the tragedy of wastage of national time, energy and manpower for grappling with torrential countless amendments.

 

(e) Absence of work culture in the courts is another reason behind the delayed -- justice. Every work of courts is carried out very slowly. Attraction to the holidays makes the work of judiciary dilatory and procrastinating. Number of -- holidays, especially in higher judiciary, are so vast that one can easily count the number of working days. This adds to the number of mountainous pending cases in the court.

 

Some facts:

There are several cases where -- judgements were delivered by courts after a long time. In Safdar Hasmi murder case, for example, who was killed by political opponents, the criminals were punished after a long 15 years. In Tanduri murder case, the accused a Delhi Congress Leader Susil Sarma was convicted with death sentence after long 8 years 6 months. He murdered Nayna Sahani and destroyed evidence by burning her body within a Delhi based hotel. In Model Jesicalal Murder case and Madhumita Sarma Murder case, accused persons were punished after a long legal battle. The Supreme Court of India is not even immune to delays. It's much acclaimed -- judgment in the D.K. Basu case in 1996, known for its directives aimed to prevent custodial torture, took ten years to be reached5. If a judgment takes this long time in the Supreme Court what can be expected from courts of lesser authority?

 

Various Committees:

For speedy trial and quick -- disposal of cases several committees were formed by the Government from time to time. In 1924 a committee was formed under the chairmanship of Justice Rankin. In 1949 Justice S.R. Das Committee, in 1972 Justice J.C. Shaha committee, in 1986 Satish Chandra Committee and in 1990 Justice V.S. Mallimath committee. But the situation has not so changed from 1926 to 2007. The law commission in its 120th report submitted in 1987 -- examined the problem of understaffing of judiciary and recommended 50 judges per million of population instead of the present number 10.5. The inadequate number of judges is a major reason behind delay in disposal of cases.

 

Thus, the main cause of judicial procrastination is not in the hand of judiciary but in the hand of executive and administrative wings. Justice R. P. Sethi in Anil Rai vs. State of Bihar, Criminal appeal of 6th August, 2001], [observed that in a country like ours where people consider judges second only to God, effort should be made to strengthen that belief of the common man. His Lordship was of the view that time has come for the judiciary to assert itself to preserve its stature, respect and regard for the rule of law. He observed "for the fault of few", the glorious and glittering name of the judiciary cannot be permitted to be made ugly6. Former Attorney General of India Mr. Soli Sorabjee in a lecture at the Nehru Center in London lamented the laws delays and said the criminal justice system in India was on the verge of collapse on this reason. He also observed that, "Justice delayed will not only be justice denied, it will be the Rule of law destroyed"7. More than 60 percent of pending court cases in India are the result of -- "State" action or inaction because some official of the central or State Government or agency has failed to act justly -- towards a citizen or a group of citizen. Lately, Hon'ble Supreme Court has delivered guidelines for quick disposal of cases.

 

The arrears committee headed by Justice V. S. Mallimath (1990) -- identified various causes of accumulation of arrears of cases in the High Courts. Some of the principal causes are :

(i) Litigation explosion;

(ii) Accumulation of first appeal;

(iii) Inadequacy of staff attached to the High Court;

(iv) Inordinate concentration of work in the hands of some members of the Bar'

(v) Lack of punctuality among judges;

(vi) Granting of unnecessary adjournments;

(vii) Indiscriminate closure of Courts;

(viii) Indiscriminate resort to writ jurisdiction;

(ix) Inadequacy of classification and granting of cases;

(x) Inordinate delay in the supply of certified copies of judgments and orders etc.

 

Some suggestions and conclusion:

All the above points, should be taken care of. Proper steps should be taken immediately to solve the above problems. Adjournments must not be given on flimsy and frivolous grounds and beyond certain numbers. To speed up the process of justice, computerization of the whole country's judicial system is the need of the hour. The judges must set examples for themselves and others by maintaining a decent degree of punctuality and dutifulness.

 

However, hoping against hope, Hon'ble Supreme Court has already taken some steps to avoid law's delay. E-filing has been introduced in the Supreme Court on 2nd October, 2006. It is now possible for any advocate - on -record or any other petitioner to file his matter through internet from anywhere in the world. Computerization has been introduced in some of the High Courts in India. In this era of globalization and rapid technological developments -- various avenues of laws are opening day by day. Justice and judiciary have an important role to play in this – globalize world. If we do not care it -- that we may at our own risk

 

However, at a cursory glance to the reasons behind laws delay and the steps that have already been taken in various quarters after a long time, the author is of the view that many things still remain to do before long. The real picture is not very satisfactory and encouraging. No effective changes are made particularly in the lower judiciary to prevent laws delays. That is why recently Mr. Fali S. Nariman, an eminent Indian jurist and former Rajya Sabha member, when delivered the first Nani A. Palkhiwala Memorial Lecture, expressed with grief about the laws delays that - "Injustice is easy to bear, what stings is justice".8

 

Before I conclude I would like to opine with the former Attorney General of India Mr. Soli Sorabjee that -- justice delayed will not only be justice denied, it will also destroy the Rule of law,- a basic feature of our Constitution. However, let us gird up the loins to protect and preserve it.

 

40 Journalists Killed in India

 

Rajdev Ranjan, Hindustan

     May 13, 2016, in Siwan, Bihar, India

Karun Misra, Jansandesh Times

     February 13, 2016, in Sultanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India

Jagendra Singh, Freelance

     June 8, 2015, in Shahjahanpur district, Uttar Pradesh, India

MVN Shankar, Andhra Prabha

     November 26, 2014, in Andhra Pradesh, India

Tarun Kumar Acharya, Kanak TV, Sambad

     May 27, 2014, in Odisha, India

Sai Reddy, Deshbandhu

     December 6, 2013, in Bijapur District, India

Rajesh Verma, IBN 7

     September 7, 2013, in Muzaffarnagar, Uttar Pradesh, India

Rakesh Sharma, Aaj

     August 23, 2013, in Etawah, Uttar Pradesh, India

Narendra Dabholkar, Sadhana

     August 20, 2013, in Pune, India

Dwijamani Singh, Prime News

     December 23, 2012, in Imphal, India

Rajesh Mishra, Media Raj

     March 1, 2012, in Rewa, India

Umesh Rajput, Nai Dunia

     January 23, 2011, in Raipur district, India

Vijay Pratap Singh, Indian Express

     July 20, 2010, in Allahabad, India

Anil Mazumdar, Aji

     March 24, 2009, in Rajgarh, Assam, India

Vikas Ranjan, Hindustan

     November 25, 2008, in Rosera, India

Javed Ahmed Mir, Channel 9

     August 13, 2008, in Srinagar, India

Ashok Sodhi, Daily Excelsior

     May 11, 2008, in Samba, India

Mohammed Muslimuddin, Asomiya Pratidin

     April 1, 2008, in Barpukhuri, India

Prahlad Goala, Asomiya Khabar

     January 6, 2006, in Golaghat, India

Asiya Jeelani, freelance

     April 20, 2004, in Kashmir, India

Veeraboina Yadagiri, Andhra Prabha

     February 21, 2004, in Medak, India

Parvaz Mohammed Sultan, News and Feature Alliance

     January 31, 2003, in Srinagar, India

Ram Chander Chaterpatti, Poora Sach

     November 21, 2002, in Sirsa, India

Moolchand Yadav, Freelance

     July 30, 2001, in Jhansi, India

Pradeep Bhatia, The Hindustan Times

     August 10, 2000, in Srinagar, India

S. Gangadhara Raju, Eenadu Television (E-TV)

     November 19, 1997, in Hyderabad, India

S. Krishna, Eenadu Television (E-TV)

     November 19, 1997, in Hyderabad, India

G. Raja Sekhar, Eenadu Television (E-TV)

     November 19, 1997, in Hyderabad, India

Jagadish Babu, Eenadu Television (E-TV)

     November 19, 1997, in Hyderabad, India

P. Srinivas Rao, Eenadu Television (E-TV)

     November 19, 1997, in Hyderabad, India

Saidan Shafi, Doordarshan TV

     March 16, 1997, in Srinagar, India

Altaf Ahmed Faktoo, Doordarshan TV

     January 1, 1997, in Srinagar, India

Parag Kumar Das, Asomiya Pratidin

     May 17, 1996, in Assam, India

Ghulam Rasool Sheikh, Rehnuma-e-Kashmir and Saffron Times

     April 10, 1996, in Pampore, Kashmir, India

Mushtaq Ali, Agence France-Presse and Asian News International

     September 10, 1995, in Srinagar, India

Ghulam Muhammad Lone, Freelancer

     August 29, 1994, in Kangan, India

Dinesh Pathak, Sandesh

     May 22, 1993, in Baroda, India

Bhola Nath Masoom, Hind Samachar

     January 31, 1993, in Rajpura, India

M. L. Manchanda, All India Radio

     May 18, 1992, in Patiala, India

Ram Singh Biling, Azdi Awaz, Daily Ajit

     January 3, 1992, in Jalandhar, India

M. Vinod Kumar, Dinakaran

     May 7, 2007, in Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India

K. Muthuranalingam, Dinakaran

     May 7, 2007, in Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India

G. Gopinath, Dinakaran

     May 7, 2007, in Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India

 

Dharmendra Singh, Dainik Bhaskar

     November 12, 2016, in Sasaram, Bihar, India

Kishore Dave, Jai Hind

     August 22, 2016, in Junagadh, Gujarat, India

Akhilesh Pratap, Taaza TV

     May 12, 2016, in Chatra, Jharkhand, India

Hemant Yadav, TV24

     October 3, 2015, in Dheena, India

Akshay Singh, Aaj Tak

     July 4, 2015, in Meghnagar, Madhya Pradesh, India

Sandeep Kothari, Freelance

     June 19 or 20, 2015, in Wardha District, Maharashtra, India

Jitendra Singh, Prabhat Khabhar

     April 27, 2013, in Jharkhand, India

Nemi Chand Jain, Freelance

     February 12, 2013, in Chhattisgarh, India

Chaitali Santra, Freelance

     September 26, 2012, in South Baksara, India

Chandrika Rai, Navbharat and The Hitavada

     February 18, 2012, in Umaria, India

Jyotirmoy Dey, Midday

     June 11, 2011, in Powai, India

Sushil Pathak, Dainik Bhaskar

     December 20, 2010, in Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh, India

Hem Chandra Pandey (Hemant Pandey), Freelance

     July 2, 2010, in Andhra Pradesh, India

Jagjit Saikia, Amar Asom

     November 20, 2008, in Kokrajhar, India

Arun Narayan Dekate, Tarun Bharat

     June 10, 2006, in Nagpur, India

Dilip Mohapatra, Aji Kagoj

     November 8, 2004, in Bhagirathipur, Odisha , India

Parmanand Goyal, Punjab Kesari

     September 18, 2003, in Kaithal, India

Indra Mohan Hakasam, Amar Assam

     June 24, 2003, in Goalpara, Assam, India

Yambem Meghajit Singh, Northeast Vision

     October 13, 2002, in Manipur State, India

Paritosh Pandey, Jansatta Express

     April 14, 2002, in Lucknow, India

Thounaojam Brajamani Singh, Manipur News

     August 20, 2000, in Imphal, Manipur, India

V. Selvaraj, Nakkeeran

     July 31, 2000, in Perambalur, Tamil Nadu, India

Adhir Rai, Freelancer

     March 18, 2000, in Deoghar, Jharkand, India

N.A. Lalruhlu, Shan

     October 10, 1999, in Manipur, India

Irfan Hussain, Outlook

     March 13, 1999, in New Delhi, India

Shivani Bhatnagar, Indian Express

     January 23, 1999, in New Delhi, India

Bakshi Tirath Singh, Hind Samachar

     February 27, 1992, in Dhuri, India 

 

 

 

DECLARATION


Name : ...........................NAGARAJA.M.R.


Address : ...................LIG-2 / 761 , HUDCO FIRST STAGE , OPP WATER WORKS OFFICE , LAKSHMIKANTANAGAR , HEBBAL , MYSORE - 570017 INDIA


Professional / Trade Title : S.O.S - e – Voice For Justice


Periodicity : WEEKLY


Circulation : FOR FREE DISTRIBUTION ON WEB


Donations : NOT ACCEPTED. Self financing . Never accepted any donations , subscriptions either for ourselves or on behalf of other organizations / individuals .


Monetary gains : nil , never made any monetary gain by way of advertisements on my websites or web news paper or otherwise.


Owner/editor/printer/publisher : NAGARAJA.M.R.


Nationality : INDIAN


Body Donation : Physical Body of Nagaraja M R , Editor , S.O.S- e – clarion of Dalit & S.O.S-e-Voice for Justice is donated to JSS Medical College , Mysore             ( Donation No. 167 dated 22 / 10 / 2003 ) , In case of either Unnatural death or Natural Death at the hands of criminal nexus , my body must be handed over to JSS Medical College , Mysore for the study purposes of medical students.


Eye Donation : Both EYES of Nagaraja M R , Editor , S.O.S- e – clarion of Dalit & S.O.S-e-Voice for Justice are donated to Mysore Eye Bank , Mysore , In case of either Unnatural death or Natural Death at the hands of criminal nexus , my eyes must be handed over to Mysore Eye Bank , Mysore WITHIN 6 Hours for immediate eye transplantation to the needy.


Home page : 

http://evoiceforjustice.dalitonline.in/  ,

http://in.groups.yahoo.com/group/sosevoiceforjustice/ , http://groups.google.co.in/group/hrwepaper / , 

http://sites.google.com/site/sosevoiceforjustice / , http://evoiceofhumanrightswatch.wordpress.com / ,  

http://naghrw.tripod.com/evoice/  ,  

http://e-voiceofhumanrightswatch.blogspot.com  

 http://paper.li/f-1368369249 ,

Contact : naghrw@yahoo.com , nagarajhrw@hotmail.com ,

UID Aadhaar No : 5703 5339 3479 
Cell : 91 8970318202

It is the duty of Supreme Court of India to Protect , Guard the constitutional rights , fundamental rights of every Indian citizen . Since 25 years  I am  appealing  to SCI  about  issues concerning public welfare , national security , etc and as a result suffering injustices , my constitutional rights , human rights are repeatedly violated  but SCI is mum even when repeated appeals were made to it. Paradoxically , after these appeals for justice , I have suffered more injustices , attempts on my life were made ,  physically assaulted , livelihood  / jobs were  denied , news publication closed , press accreditation denied ,  received threatening  calls , blank calls, even to date  rough elements follow us , rough elements  scout  near home at mid night. Does  not these indicate some ties between rough elements & SCI  Judges ?

 

Public Interest Litigation is an appeal  for justice  to the courts , to redress  the injustices meted out to  the public.  Individual cases of injustices  pertaining to an individual are not covered under PIL, however  an individual an activist  who  is fighting for public causes  suffering  injustices  as a result of   his struggle  ,caused by powers that be to silence him  can club  his individual case under the public causes  (PIL ) he is  appealing.

 

Nowadays people of questionable character , integrity  are being selected to public posts , end result is present day india.  In the following web sites I have shown  few actual cases of crimes by judges & police , just imagine what type of justice common man gets.

Traitors  in   Indian  Judiciary & Police

https://www.scribd.com/document/329980170/Traitors-in-Judiciary-Police

Crimes  by  Khaki

https://www.scribd.com/document/334590032/Crimes-by-Khaki  ,

Police show full bravery , courage , use  full might of law while acting against innocents , commoners. Even  takes suo motto action. Frequently crosses legal limits  while acting against commoners like 3rd degree torture , arrest / search  , seizure without warrant , arrest in mid night , etc . While they are supposed to take action against rich crooks , their own corrupt colleagues  no suo motto action , delayed action inspite of complaint  allowing time for rich crook to get anticipatory bail , no 3rd degree torture on him , no arrest , search , seizure without warrant. Where is the bravery , courage of police ?

Judges show their full wisdom , apply rigid law book while  judging cases of commoners , take suo motto action  where as  cases involving rich crooks comes before them inspite of repeated PILs they don’t consider it , let alone take suo motto action. Judges make far fetched interpretations of law , ultimately benefitting the rich crook. Where is the wisdom of Judges ?


I ,NAGARAJA.M.R. hereby do declare that information given above are true to the best of my knowledge & belief. If i am repeatedly called to police station or else where for the sake of investigations , the losses i do incurr as a result like loss of wages , transportation , job , etc must be borne by the government. prevoiusly the police / IB personnel repeatedly called me the complainant (sufferer of injustices) to police station for questioning , but never called the guilty culprits , rich crooks , criminals even once to police station for questioning , as the culprits are high & mighty . this type of one sided questioning must not be done by police or investigating agencies . if anything untoward happens to me or to my family members like loss of job , meeting with hit & run accidents , loss of lives , death due to improper medical care , etc , the jurisdictional police together with above mentioned accussed public servants will be responsible for it. Even if criminal nexus levels fake charges , police file fake cases against me or my dependents to silence me , this complaint is & will be effective.

Powers that  be , higher ups have referred all my previous cases to police although in most of the cases  police don’t  have jurisdiction over it.  It  sends  a subtle message by police force to  the  complainant  to keep silent . In the remaining cases  which are under their jurisdiction police  don’t act against higher ups , high & mighty. In such cases police lack  practical powers , their hands are tied although they  are  honest.  As a end result , police  have repeatedly called   me to police station  number of  times  ( have never called guilty  influential persons even once)  took  statement  from  me and closed  the files.

 

Hereby , I do make it clear  the statements made by me  in my original petitions , PILs , news papers  , etc  while I was in  a free & fair atmosphere  are  TRUE  , over rides , prevails over all the statements made by me before police  earlier and  which will be made by me  in future before police.

 

If I or my family members or my dependents are denied our fundamental rights , human rights , denied proper medical care for ourselves , If anything untoward happens to me or to my dependents or to my family members – In such case Chief Justice of India together with the jurisdictional revenue & police officials will be responsible for it , in such case the government of india is liable to pay Rs. TWO crore as compensation to survivors of my family. if my whole family is eliminated by the criminal nexus ,then that compensation money must be donated to Indian Army Welfare Fund. Afterwards , the money must be recovered by GOI as land arrears from the salary , pension , property , etc of guilty police officials , Judges , public servants & Constitutional functionaries.

 

date :  28.01..2017…………………………..Your’s sincerely,

place : India……………………………………Nagaraja.M.R.

 

 

 

Edited, printed , published owned by NAGARAJA.M.R. @ # LIG-2  No  761,HUDCO FIRST STAGE ,

OPP WATER WORKS , LAXMIKANTANAGAR , HEBBAL ,MYSURU – 570017  KARNATAKA  INDIA

 

Cell : 91 8970318202

 

Home page :  

http://evoiceforjustice.dalitonline.in/  ,

 http://in.groups.yahoo.com/group/sosevoiceforjustice/ ,  http://groups.google.co.in/group/hrwepaper / , 

 http://sites.google.com/site/sosevoiceforjustice / , http://evoiceofhumanrightswatch.wordpress.com / ,  

http://naghrw.tripod.com/evoice/  ,  

http://e-voiceofhumanrightswatch.blogspot.com  

 http://paper.li/f-1368369249 ,

 

Contact  :  naghrw@yahoo.com   , nagarajhrw@hotmail.com  ,

http://www.amnesty.org/en/user/naghrw  

A   Member  of  Amnesty  International   

 


Posted by naghrw at 2:12 PM
Thursday, 26 January 2017
Cross Exam Judges & Police
Topic: human rights , media

S.O.S   e - Voice For Justice - e-news weekly

Spreading the light of humanity freedom

Editor: Nagaraja.M.R.. Vol.13..Issue.04........28 / 01 / 2017

 





Editorial :  Cross  Examination of Judges & Police

Honourable CJI , Union Home Secretary ,  Chief Justices , DG & IG  of Police of all States , UTs  FIRST   Answer   Questions

 Our  whole hearted respects  to  honest  few  working  in  judiciary , police & public service. Our  comments  are  only directed  towards  corrupt  judges  , corrupt police , corrupt  public servants and the term “JUDGE” includes all public officials performing judicial , quasi judicial functions.  

Judges , Police are  NOT answering our  following RTI Questions NOR admitting our PILs since years. Both  of  them  are  denying  information   leading  to  crimes , covering up crimes.  Thereby , both of them  are aiding anti nationals , criminals.  Who will prosecute these guilty judges & police ?

 Powers that be , cabinet ministers , judges are simply  sending my petitions  to  police , to ensure closure of  files. In most of the cases police does not have the  power  nor  jurisdiction  and in the remaining cases   they need  written legal sanction from  president of india  or  governor or  from their  ministry  head   to  legally  prosecute  high  &  mighty  but  legal  sanctions are not given.  Ultimate  aim of  the  judges , ministers , police  is  to  close  the  file  , to bury  the  TRUTH.  They  transfer the case to  police ,  so  that  under the threat of  khaki power   complainant  becomes  silent.

I have  been summoned  to  police  station  tens  of  times  without   legal  summons  to  give  statements , by  the way  I have  lost  money , daily wages , transportation cost. No compensation for that  were paid to me. Rich , mighty  criminals were not even summoned once why ?   Police  question  commoners   for  hours  in some  cases  even  apply  3rd  degree   TORTURE  on common  people   to get  answers. Why  police  are   NOT  questioning   rich  , mighty  criminals ,  criminals  within the police force & judiciary , why  NOT  police  are  applying  3rd  degree TORTURE  on  those  CRIMINAL  POLICE  , JUDGEs  to elicit  truth  in national interest.

In  courts of  justice  , common people  are  subjected  to  rigorous  questioning  by  prosecution , defense lawyers and  judges. In  the  same  way  when  you  judges &  police themselves  are in the dock , why  can not  you be questioned  to elicit truth in national interest. Are  YOU  Judges &  Police  special , exceptions , above  LAW ?

  My  petitions  have  been transferred  tens  of times  to police  whether  they have  jurisdiction over it , whether they have legal  sanction  to enquire it or  NOT. All the files  were closed  by  recording  my statement  without  any  enquiry  of  high , mighty criminals.  We  need  JUSTICE  in  all  the  cases , before  summoning me to police  station  summon  high , mighty  criminals  to  police  station  FIRST , before  questioning  me  YOU  Judges  and  Police  ANSWER  our  questions   FIRST ,  act  on  our  PILs  FIRST.  We  the public  want to know  under  who’s  behest  you  JUDGEs , POLICE  are  burying  the  truth , cases , files ,  our   appeals.

  Jai Hind. Vande Mataram.

 

Your’s ,

Nagaraja Mysuru Raghupathi.

 

Traitors  in  Judiciary &  Police

https://www.scribd.com/document/329980170/Traitors-in-Judiciary-Police  ,

 

Crimes  by  Khaki

https://sites.google.com/site/sosevoiceforjustice/crimes-by-khaki 

 

FIRST  Answer  Judges  Police

https://www.scribd.com/document/336585411/FIRST-Answer-Judges-Police 

 

“There is a higher court than the court of justice and that is the court of conscience It supercedes all other courts. ”

- Mahatma Gandhi

 

RTI   Appeals  Not  Answered   by  SUPREME  COURT  OF  INDIA  - Crimes  Cover-up

 

To ,

RTI  Appellate  Authority ,

O/O Chief Justice of  India ,

Supreme Court of India ,

New Delhi.

 

APPEAL UNDER SEC 19 (3) OF RTI ACT 2005 OF GOVERNMENT OF INDIA & GOVERNMENT OF KARNATAKA 

 

 FULL NAME OF THE APPLICANT : NAGARAJA.M.R.

 ADDRESS OF THE APPLICANT : NAGARAJA.M.R.,

EDITOR , SOS E-VOICE JUSTICE  & SOS E-CLARION OF DALIT ,

# LIG-2 / 761, OPP WATER WORKS OFFICE,

HUDCO FIRST STAGE, LAXMIKANTANAGAR,

HEBBAL, MYSORE , KARNATAKA  PIN – 570017.

 "Power will go to the hands of rascals, , rogues and freebooters. All Indian leaders will be of low calibre and men of straw. They will have sweet tongues and silly hearts.  They will fight among themselves for power and will be lost in political squabbles . A day would come when even air & water will be taxed." Sir Winston made this statement in the House of Commons just before the independence of India & Pakistan. Sadly , the  forewarning of  Late Winston Churchill  has been proved right by  some of our  criminal , corrupt people’s representatives , police , public servants &  Judges.  Some of the below  mentioned  judges  fall among the category of churchill’s men –  Rogues  , Rascals & Freebooters.

 Eventhough  the information is readily available with SCI , information was denied citing unavailability.  If at all information is not truly available , why didn’t the   CPIO  TRANSFER rti  application to concerned departments of SCI  , Ministry of Law , Justice , Respective High Courts , etc.

Does not court administarative officer  posess  SERVICE REECORDS of each employee including judges. If not on what basis they give promotions , transfers , salary , etc to judges ? The person  who posess SR  can give infor mation about guilty judges. Why CPIO not asking that person to share infor mation ?

If a commonman is alleged of a petty crime he is immediately arrested , put behind bars. Police spend thousands of rupees for investigation to  prosecute  that petty criminal. Judges spend hours to hear that case & prepare judgements running into tens of pages sometimes even over & above thousand pages. Fine . When the very same police & judge themselves committ grave crimes detrimental to national security , integrity , etc , no arrests , no prosecution only cover-up , WHY ? Are Judges & Police above Law ? Is  Judge’s  MAFIA  at play ?

The  action  of  CPIO  SCI  amounts  to cover up  of judges & their crimes. Thereby  , CPIO  is also committing  a crime. With respect  to previous RTI Appeals  also  CPIO & RTI  First Appellate Authority  SCI  have repeatedly  committed  crimes  by  covering up  judges & their crimes.  Billions of indians  are barely sustaining on a single piece meal a day , we lower middle class people toiling hard to earn a few hundreds of rupees but still paying tax. Is it not shame to them  / shame to JUDGEs that they  draw  pay  &  perks  amounting to lakhs of rupees from our money , from taxes paid by us still not do their  constitutional duties properly.

 GIVE  WHAT  ACTION HAS BEEN  TAKEN AGAINST  THE  GUILTY JUDGES   MENTIONED  IN THE BELOW MENTIONED WEB SITES & FOLLOWING  ARTICLES.

 We salute honest few in public service ,  Judiciary , police , parliament  & state  legislative assemblies. our whole hearted respects to them.  HEREBY , I DO HUMBLY REQUEST YOU TO GIVE ME WRITTEN STATEMENTS / ANSWERS TO THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS – WHICH IN ITSELF ( ie answers ) ARE THE INFORMATION SOUGHT BY ME. HERE WITH I AM SEEKING NOT THE OPINIONS ABOUT SOME HYPOTHETICAL ISSUES , BUT YOUR OFFICIAL STAND , LEGAL STAND ON ISSUES WHICH ARE OF FREQUENT OCCURRENCE WHICH ARE VIOLATING PEOPLE’S FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS & HUMAN RIGHTS. WE DO HAVE HIGHEST RESPECTS FOR JUDICIARY & ALL PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS , THIS IS AN APPEAL FOR TRUTH , INFORMATION SO THAT TO APPREHEND CORRUPT FEW IN PUBLIC SERVICE, WHO ARE AIDING & ABETTING TERRORISM , UNDERWORLD & CRIMINALS.  I  HAVE SHOWN IN DETAIL WITH LIVE , ACTUAL CASES , EXAMPLES , HOW INDIAN LEGAL SYSTEM IS MANIPULATED BY CRIMINALS  WITHIN JUDICIARY , POLICE , PROSECUTION , ETC. READ DETAILS  AT  :

https://sites.google.com/site/eclarionofdalit/wheeling-dealing-judges-police ,  

 Atrocities on  Women  by  JUDGES

https://sites.google.com/site/eclarionofdalit/atrocities-by-judges     

   A – Z   of   Manipulation  of  Indian  Legal  System

http://www.scribd.com/doc/187575206/A-Z-of-Manipulation-of-India-Legal-System  ,

http://www.scribd.com/doc/173854541/Chief-Justice-of-India-A-Criminal  ,

 Justice  Sathasivam -  Are  you  DEAF  DUMB  &  BLIND

https://sites.google.com/site/eclarionofdalit/justice-sathasivam---are-you-deaf-dumb-blind ,   

Rajiv Gandhi Assassination Cover-up

https://sites.google.com/site/sosevoiceforjustice/rajiv-gandhi-assassination-cover-up  ,

SHAME  SHAME  MPs  &  MLAs

https://sites.google.com/site/sosevoiceforjustice/shame-shame-mps-mlas  ,

JUDGEs  or  Brokers  of  Justice

https://sites.google.com/site/sosevoiceforjustice/judges-or-brokers-of-justice ,

 RTI  &  Land  Golmaal

https://sites.google.com/site/sosevoiceforjustice/rti-land-golmaal-in-karnataka  ,

https://sites.google.com/site/sosevoiceforjustice/land-grabbers-in-m-u-d-a ,

https://sites.google.com/site/sosevoiceforjustice/judges-cover-up-land-scams  ,

 Hereby ,  we  do request  CPIO  O/O  Honourable Chief Justice of India  , Supreme Court  of India , New Delhi  to answer the following questions in public interest , for safeguarding national security ,  National unity & integrity & to legally apprehend anti-nationals , criminals within the judiciary & police. Judges are not superior human beings , some of them have even became judges through devious means other than merit , integrity. Judges  are public servants drawing salary & perks from public exchequer  and accountable to public as any other  common man  is.

Please give following  information  :

Main  A :

1.    Please give me The address  of salary disbursing officer in supreme court of india. Salary disbursing officer will be maintaining service records  of all employees of supreme court of india including judges. These records are used for disciplinary action , promotion , transfer of judges. If not within SCI , please give the address of the  outside public  official who maintains  service records of supreme court  judges and kindly compile  information from him and give it to me  orelse  transfer my RTI application to him.

2.    Please give me the list of serving as well as retired supreme court judges with allegations against them and the action taken thereof. Reasons for taking action / criminal prosecution  or not taking action.

3.    Please give me the list of serving as well as retired  high  court judges with allegations against them and the action taken thereof. Reasons for taking action / criminal prosecution  or not taking action.

4.    Please give me the list of serving as well as retired  district & taluk  court judges with allegations against them and the action taken thereof. Reasons for taking action / criminal prosecution  or not taking action.

5.    Some of the high courts are demanding higher RTI application fees  than stipulated by law. Eventhough  requisite fees  has been paid  before transfer of RTI application to high courts. Please give me the details of action taken by supreme court of india  against erring high courts.

6.    Give me the List of petitions  with date  made by Shri . Nagaraja Mysore Raghupathi alias Nagaraja M R  TO SUPREME COURT OF INDIA THROUGH POST , THROUGH E-MAIL & THROUGH   website  of  DPG / DARPG.  Action taken or not taken with reasons thereof with respect to each petition.

7.    Please give me list of actions , follow up actions taken by supreme  court of india , to safe guard the  HUMAN RIGHTS & FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS of  Nagaraja M R editor of SOS e Clarion of Dalit  & SOS e Voice for justice. He repeatedly  appealed to SCI  highlighting  violations of his human rights & fundamental rights. After appealing to SCI only  editor Nagaraja M R suffered more injustices , attempts on his life , etc  , may  be JUDGE’s MAFIA  is in deal with outside MAFIA. Police are helpless & practically don’t have  power to question supreme court judges & other VVIPs. Did SCI constitute SCI monitored enquiry committee  with full legal authority to look into the issue.  

8.    Judges preach too much & practice less. They give  lectures , judgements   running into hundreds  of pages  eliciting legality, moral virtues , humanity , etc.  But cover up information leading to crimes / accountability of judges.  The judges  committee  like a mafia deals it within  without subjecting the accussed judge to public scrutiny & public trial. It is almost similar to a  whore / bitch  giving a lecture on virginity  to women.  To refresh your memory  , Please  go through following websites  to  know about facts , actual cases of  crimes by judges. Please give us information  regarding action taken or not taken with reasons there of  with respect to each case mentioned in the  following websites:

https://sites.google.com/site/eclarionofdalit/wheeling-dealing-judges-police ,

https://sites.google.com/site/eclarionofdalit/atrocities-by-judges ,

http://www.scribd.com/doc/187575206/A-Z-of-Manipulation-of-India-Legal-System ,

http://www.scribd.com/doc/173854541/Chief-Justice-of-India-A-Criminal ,

 

9.    Please give me the list of actions , follow up actions taken by supreme court of india to safeguard the human rights of prisoners  , witnesses & evidences .

10.  Please give me the list of actions , follow up actions taken by  high courts  of  india  to safeguard the human rights of prisoners  , witnesses & evidences .

11.  Please give me the list of supreme court judges , high court judges & district / taluk judges  (both serving & retired) who received favourable allotment of sites , etc  which is nothing but a form of kick back  for favours  shown by judge. Please give me the list of action taken or not taken  by supreme court of india  with reasons  thereof  in each case.

12.  Please give me the list of action taken against  by supreme court of india  against  CPIO &  PIO  of supreme court of india  , who repeatedly failed to give  me information . thereby , CPIO & PIO are covering up crimes of guilty judges , violating RTI Act & violating human rights / fundamental rights of editor Nagaraja M R together with public.

 

Main  B :

 1 . How many judges are booked for graft , sexual crimes , crimes against women , irregularities , amassing disproportionate wealth , failure of duty , getting illegal allotment of sites & other crimes since independence till date , yearwise ?

2. what action taken casewise ?

3. are the action taken similar to commoners , common people committing same type of crimes ?

4. did all the cases handled by tainted judges subjected to review , retrial by other honest judges ?

5. how many advocates were prosecuted by court for influencing witnesses / evidences , for tutored / concocted evidences , etc since independence till date , yearwise ? what action ?  if not why ?

6. how many police officials / law enforcing officials were prosecuted by court for influencing , intimidating witnesses through threats , 3rddegree torture , for concocted evidences , etc since independence till date , yearwise ? what action ? if not why ?

7. how many police / law enforcement officials  were prosecuted for lock-up deaths , fake encounters , illegal detention , 3rd degree torture , etc since independence till date , yearwise ? what  action ? if not why ?

8. in how many cases police / law enforcement officials were made to pay compensation to innocent victims who were wrongly charged , detained & tortured , murdered by police , since independence till date , yearwise ? what action ? if not why ?

9. in some cases , on appeal judgements of higher court  turns down the judgement of lower court. In how many such cases , lower court judge is made to pay compensation  to victims of their wrong judgement , since independence till date  yearwise ? what action ? if not why ?

10. how many judges have defaulted in filing their annual  financial returns giving out their wealth , income details , yearwise since  independence till date ? what action ? if not why ?

11. how you are verifying the annual financial returns of judges ?

12. since independence , how many convicts have been sentenced to “death by hanging” , yearwise ?

13. how many death sentances were carried out & how many are pending ?

14. how many police officials were made to pay compensation  & prosecuted for defamation , when innocents falsely charged by police were acquitted , dropped from charges by courts ? if not why ?

15. how many lower court judges were made to pay compensation & prosecuted for defamation , when innocents  wrongly convicted by lower court , but on appeal higher courts acquitting , dropping them of charges ? if not why ?

16. are judges getting paid from public exchequer , for their expenses on liquor / alcohol , body massages , etc in their  TA  DA  bill  while on  tour , official visits , official parties hosted by judges ?

17. how many appeals for justice concerning public welfare , violation of human & fundamental rights , threat to lives / livelihood , etc  were made to supreme court of india , by nagaraja mysore raghupathi alias nagaraja M R alias myself since 1990 till date ? appeals were made through ordinary post , registered post , e-mail & by web through DARPG , DPG. What  ACTION taken by supreme court of india with  respect to each appeal ?

18.  due to negligence / connivance of supreme court judges injustices were meted out to  public & public are still suffering injustices. Crimes which could have been prevented by SC happened eventhough brought to early notice of supreme court. What action against erring SC Judges ? if not why ?

19. I have repeatedly offered my services to supreme court of india , to apprehend criminals  within  judiciary , police & public service. What action taken by supreme court of india ? if not why ?

20. in my legal struggle for justice , due to negligence / connivance of SCI  judges  I have suffered murder attempts on my life , job losses , my newspaper closed , not getting press accreditation to my web news papers , threats by rowdies , police , etc. what action against erring chief justice of india ? if not why ?

21. I repeatedly appealed to supreme court of india to permit me to appear as amicus curie before supreme court of india   & jain commission of enquiry  regarding late PM Rajiv Gandhi assassination case. I was not permitted why ?

22. who are the judges covering-up Rajiv Gandhi assassination case ? what action taken ? if not why ?

23. Law is one & same for all , but law enforcement  & law interpretation  is not same  for common people , Judges  & Police ? why ?

 

NOTE :  PLEASE TAKE NOTE THAT  YOUR CONTINUED NEGLIGENCE TO PROVIDE INFORMATION , JUSTICE  TO  EDITOR  NAGARAJA  M R  LEADS  TO THE THREAT TO THE LIFE  , LIVLIHOOD OF  HIMSELF & HIS WHOLE FAMILY.  YOU  ARE  LIABLE   TO PAY  COMPENSATION.  DON’T TRANSFER  THIS CASE , APPLICATION TO POLICE  THEY DON’T HAVE POWER TO ENQUIRE JUDGES LET ALONE TAKE ACTION. PLEASE ENTRUST  THE CASE TO TRANSPARENTLY CONSTITUTED SUPREME COURT MONITORED ENQUIRY COMMITTEE TO LOOK INTO THE WHOLE ISSUE.

I ,NAGARAJA.M.R. hereby do declare that information given above are true to the best of my knowledge & belief. If i am repeatedly called to police station or else where for the sake of investigations , the losses i do incurr as a result like loss of wages , transportation , job , etc must be borne by the government. prevoiusly the police / IB personnel repeatedly called me the complainant (sufferer of injustices) to police station for questioning , but never called the guilty culprits even once to police station for questioning , as the culprits are high & mighty . this type of one sided questioning must not be done by police or investigating agencies . if anything untoward happens to me or to my family members like loss of job , meeting with hit & run accidents , loss of lives , death due to improper medical care , etc , the jurisdictional police , revenue officials , District Magistrate  & Chief Justice of India together with above mentioned accused public servants will be responsible for it. Even if criminal nexus levels fake charges ,  police file fake cases against me or my dependents  to silence me , this complaint is & will be effective.

If I or my family members or my dependents are denied our fundamental rights , human rights , denied proper medical care for ourselves , If anything untoward like hit & run cases , murder attempts , unnatural deaths , etc  happens to me or to my dependents   or to my family members    - In such case Chief Justice of  India together with the jurisdictional  revenue & police officials will be responsible for it , in such case the government of india  is liable to pay Rs. TWO  crore as compensation to survivors of my family. if my whole family is eliminated by the criminal nexus ,then that compensation money must be donated to Indian Army Welfare Fund. Afterwards , the money must be recovered by GOI as land arrears from the salary , pension , property , etc of guilty police officials , guilty Judges , guilty public servants &  guilty Constitutional functionaries.  

 

YEAR TO WHICH ABOVE PERTAINS : MAJORITY OF DOCUMENTS PERTAINS TO YEAR 1995-2015 .

 

PUBLIC INFORMATION OFFICER   WHO FAILED  TO GIVE INFORMATION :

CPIO ,  o/o  Chief Justice of India , SUPREME  COURT OF INDIA , NEW DELHI.

 

FEES PAID : IPO  16G  733465  for rupees TWENTY only

 

 

DATE :  28.03.2015 ……………..………………………NAGARAJA.M.R.

 

PLACE : MYSORE , INDIA….. ……………………….( APPLICANT) 

 

 

RTI   Appeals  Not  Answered   by  SUPREME  COURT  OF  INDIA  - Crimes  Cover-up

 

To ,

RTI  Appellate  Authority ,

O/O Chief Justice of  India ,

Supreme Court of India ,

New Delhi.

 

 APPEAL UNDER SEC 19 (3) OF RTI ACT 2005 OF GOVERNMENT OF INDIA & GOVERNMENT OF KARNATAKA 

 

 FULL NAME OF THE APPLICANT : NAGARAJA.M.R.

 ADDRESS OF THE APPLICANT : NAGARAJA.M.R.,

EDITOR , SOS E-VOICE JUSTICE  & SOS E-CLARION OF DALIT ,

# LIG-2 / 761, OPP WATER WORKS OFFICE,

HUDCO FIRST STAGE, LAXMIKANTANAGAR,

HEBBAL, MYSORE , KARNATAKA  PIN – 570017.

 

"Power will go to the hands of rascals, , rogues and freebooters. All Indian leaders will be of low calibre and men of straw. They will have sweet tongues and silly hearts.  They will fight among themselves for power and will be lost in political squabbles . A day would come when even air & water will be taxed." Sir Winston made this statement in the House of Commons just before the independence of India & Pakistan. Sadly , the  forewarning of  Late Winston Churchill  has been proved right by  some of our  criminal , corrupt people’s representatives , police , public servants &  Judges.  Some of the below  mentioned  judges  fall among the category of churchill’s men –  Rogues  , Rascals & Freebooters.

 Eventhough  the information is readily available with SCI , information was denied citing unavailability.  If at all information is not truly available , why didn’t the   CPIO  TRANSFER rti  application to concerned departments of SCI  , Ministry of Law , Justice , Respective High Courts , etc.

Does not court administarative officer  posess  SERVICE REECORDS of each employee including judges. If not on what basis they give promotions , transfers , salary , etc to judges ? The person  who posess SR  can give infor mation about guilty judges. Why CPIO not asking that person to share infor mation ?

If a commonman is alleged of a petty crime he is immediately arrested , put behind bars. Police spend thousands of rupees for investigation to  prosecute  that petty criminal. Judges spend hours to hear that case & prepare judgements running into tens of pages sometimes even over & above thousand pages. Fine . When the very same police & judge themselves committ grave crimes detrimental to national security , integrity , etc , no arrests , no prosecution only cover-up , WHY ? Are Judges & Police above Law ?

The  action  of  CPIO  SCI  amounts  to cover up  of judges & their crimes. Thereby  , CPIO  is also committing  a crime. With respect  to previous RTI Appeals  also  CPIO & RTI  First Appellate Authority  SCI  have repeatedly  committed  crimes  by  covering up  judges & their crimes.  Billions of indians  are barely sustaining on a single piece meal a day , we lower middle class people toiling hard to earn a few hundreds of rupees but still paying tax. Is it not shame to them  / shame to JUDGEs that they  draw  pay  &  perks  amounting to lakhs of rupees from our money , from taxes paid by us still not do their  constitutional duties properly.

 GIVE  WHAT  ACTION HAS BEEN  TAKEN AGAINST  THE  GUILTY JUDGES   MENTIONED  IN THE BELOW MENTIONED WEB SITES & FOLLOWING  ARTICLES.

 At the outset , we express  our whole hearted respects to the honest few  public servants in public service including judiciary. However, the corrupt in public service don’t deserve  respect as individuals – as they are  parasites in our legal system. Still we respect the chairs they occupy but not the corrupt individuals.

 All the following articles / issues , whole articles published in the weblinks mentioned below forms part of this appeal. The term “JUDGE”mentioned throught includes all public servants  discharging  judicial functions right from taluk magistrates , quasi-judicial officers to Chief Justice of India.

 Indian Legal / Judicial System is manipulated at various stages & is for sale. It is a SHAME. The persons who raise  their voice seeking justice  are silenced in many ways. The criminal nexus has already attempted to silence me in many ways . If anything untoward happens to me or to my family members , my dependents , Honourable Chief Justice of India together with jurisdictional police officer will be responsible  for it.

 Hereby, we do once again offer our conditional services to the honourable supreme court of India & other government authorities, in apprehending criminals including corrupt judges & police. Herewith  , we once  again  appeal to the honourable supreme court of India , to consider this as a PIL Appeal in public interest.

 The public servants & the government must be role models in law  abiding acts , for others to emulate & follow. if a student makes a mistake it is excusable & can be corrected by the teacherif the  teacher himself makes a mistake , all  his students will do the same mistake. if a thief steals , he can be caught  , legally punished & reformed . if a police himself commits crime , many thieves go scot- free under his patronage.  even if a police , public  servant commits a crime , he can be legally prosecuted & justice can be sought by the  aggrieved. just think , if a judge himself that too of apex court of the land itself commits crime - violations of RTI Act , constitutional  rights & human rights of public  and obstructs the public from  performing their constitutional fundamental duties , what happens ? it  gives a booster dose to the rich & mighty , those in power , criminals  in public service to committ more crimes. that is exactly what is  happenning in india. the educated public must raise to the occassion &  peacefully , democratically  must oppose this criminalisation of judiciary , public service. then alone , we can build a RAM RAJYA OF  MAHATMA GANDHI'S DREAM.

 

Kindly go through the following articles & provide justice by giving complete truthful information to us , by publicly answering the following questionnaire in an unambiguous  manner.

 The constitution of India has prescribed certain FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES to each citizens of India. It is the duty of every citizen to protect & uphold the dignity , honour of our democratic institutions , to 
protect our national integrity , to respect & protect the rights of our fellow citizens. No constitutional authority has  the right to obstruct the discharge of these duties by citizens of India. No legal  privileges of constitutional functionaries is superior over the  FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES OF CITIZEN'S OF INDIA.

We need rights to perform our duties. Constitution of India has guaranteed those rights as FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS to all citizens of India & by birth itself everyone of us has secured HUMAN RIGHTS as individuals. To express ourselves , we need information , data feed  back , to ascertain whether we are getting equal opportunity , whether  we are getting equitable justice , etc , we need information . so , 
basically Right To Information  is an inalienable part of our  fundamental rights & human rights. What RTI Act has done is fixed time  limit , responsibilities of public servants up to  certain extent. However the citizen's fundamental right & human right to seek  information extends far beyond the scope of RTI Act.

Hereby , we seek complete  truthful information from supreme court of India , with respect to my RTI application appeal. HEREBY , WE ARE  ONLY SEEKING ACCOUNTABILITY OF PUBLIC SERVANTS  IN PUBLIC INTEREST &  JUSTICE. Hereby ,  we request you to register this appeal as a PIL  petition & to ascertain the stand of apex court on various matters  raised in my RTI Application , in public interest & equitable justice.

 We salute honest few in public service ,  Judiciary , police , parliament  & state  legislative assemblies. our whole hearted respects to them.  HEREBY , I DO HUMBLY REQUEST YOU TO GIVE ME WRITTEN STATEMENTS / ANSWERS TO THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS – WHICH IN ITSELF ( ie answers ) ARE THE INFORMATION SOUGHT BY ME. HERE WITH I AM SEEKING NOT THE OPINIONS ABOUT SOME HYPOTHETICAL ISSUES , BUT YOUR OFFICIAL STAND , LEGAL STAND ON ISSUES WHICH ARE OF FREQUENT OCCURRENCE WHICH ARE VIOLATING PEOPLE’S FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS & HUMAN RIGHTS. WE DO HAVE HIGHEST RESPECTS FOR JUDICIARY & ALL PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS , THIS IS AN APPEAL FOR TRUTH , INFORMATION SO THAT TO APPREHEND CORRUPT FEW IN PUBLIC SERVICE, WHO ARE AIDING & ABETTING TERRORISM , UNDERWORLD & CRIMINALS.  I  HAVE SHOWN IN DETAIL WITH LIVE , ACTUAL CASES , EXAMPLES , HOW INDIAN LEGAL SYSTEM IS MANIPULATED BY CRIMINALS  WITHIN JUDICIARY , POLICE , PROSECUTION , ETC. READ DETAILS  AT  :

https://sites.google.com/site/eclarionofdalit/wheeling-dealing-judges-police ,  

 Atrocities on  Women  by  JUDGES

https://sites.google.com/site/eclarionofdalit/atrocities-by-judges     

   A – Z   of   Manipulation  of  Indian  Legal  System

http://www.scribd.com/doc/187575206/A-Z-of-Manipulation-of-India-Legal-System  ,

http://www.scribd.com/doc/173854541/Chief-Justice-of-India-A-Criminal  ,

Justice  Sathasivam -  Are  you  DEAF  DUMB  &  BLIND

https://sites.google.com/site/eclarionofdalit/justice-sathasivam---are-you-deaf-dumb-blind ,   

Rajiv Gandhi Assassination Cover-up

https://sites.google.com/site/sosevoiceforjustice/rajiv-gandhi-assassination-cover-up  ,

SHAME  SHAME  MPs  &  MLAs

https://sites.google.com/site/sosevoiceforjustice/shame-shame-mps-mlas  ,

 Hereby ,  we  do request  PIO O/O  Honourable Chief Justice of India  , PIO , O/O H.E.Honorable President of India , PIO O/O Honorable Speaker of Lok Sabha , PIO O/O Dy Chairman of Rajya Sabha , PIOs of  Karnataka Raj Bhawan , Karnataka CMO , Union Home Ministry GOI  and  DG & IG of Police of Government of Karnataka to answer the following questions in public interest , for safeguarding national security ,  National unity & integrity & to legally apprehend anti-nationals , criminals within the judiciary & police.

Main  A :

1.      What  action you have taken against judges involved in atrocities against women , casewise ? if not, why ?

2.      What action you have taken against judges involved in land scams , casewise ? if not , why ?

3.      I have shown with actual cases  how manipulation / fixing takes place , from  complaint filing to judicial pronouncement stage. Are the judges & police , above law ?

4.      I have numerous PILs , RTI appeals  before supreme court of india. But they were  not registered , not honoured , why ?

5.      To my  legal notice / show cause notice / damage payment notice to supreme court of india & chief justice of india , till date I have not received the reply , why ?

6.      Is it not the duty of supreme court of india to protect the life & liberty of all Indian citizens ?

7.      Is it not the failure of supreme court of india, when it failed to protect the life of  a complainant ?

8.      By negligence of their duties , are not supreme court judges  aiding & abetting  criminals , anti nationals & terrorists ?

9.      While crores of Indians are barely surviving  on a single piece meal a day , people dying due to starvation , supreme  court judges are getting salary & perks amounting to lakhs of rupees  from the same suffering public / public exchequer. Are not those  duty shirking judges  ashamed ?

10.   What action you have taken against judges involved in hushing up late prime minister rajiv Gandhi assassination  case ?

11.  Why the supreme court of india didn’t allow me to appear before it  in the said case of  late PM Rajiv Gandhi Assassination  Case ?

12.  Why  the supreme court of india didn’t protect my life , my job oppurtunities , my newspaper  from the wrath of criminal  nexus ?

13.  When  even cable TV  journalists , web journalists are getting PRESS / MEDIA accreditation , my web news papers , myself are not getting  PRESS accreditation since 9 years , why ?

14.  Are the supreme court  judges  hand in gloves with the criminal nexus ?

Main  B :

You have not taken appropriate action to my previous RTI requests , Numerous appeals for justice & police complaints. You have not replied to show-cause notice also. Your inaction has helped the criminals in manipulating & destroying evidences.

Your inaction / delay in performing your duties not only amounts to denial of information , but  amounts to violation of our fundamental & human rights , cover-up of crimes , aiding & abetting criminals . The criminal nexus tried to silence me in many ways. Is not these acts of your’s  a crime in itself ?

If your acts of crime cover-ups  , information / evidence cover-ups , aiding & abetting criminals , silencing a crusader  is just & legal. The same type of acts of crimes  performed by other citizens will also be legal ?

Main  C :

At the outset , we express our whole hearted respects to all constitutional institutions &  to the honest few in public service. Contempt of constitutional institutions , citizens of India is being made by the corrupt persons in constitutional positions themselves. This is an appeal to the honest few in public service , constitutional positions , to bring their corrupt colleagues to book.

1.                  does the action of MPs , MLAs taking money / receiving favors from vested interests , to formulate policy decisions , to raise questions in parliament / legislative bodies or to abstain from voting  legal ?

2.                  why transparent , fair investigation is not done in such cases ?

3.                  just remember , the  vulgar acts of Mr.Bora Babu Singh in state legislature & how some  MLAs   vulgarly behaved with Ms.Jayalalita  in state legislature , years ago. Are these type of vulgar actions by MPs & MLAs  legal ? does not these constitute contempt of the house by MPs & MLAs themselves ?

4.                  all the people’s representatives from panchayath member to president of India must read ABCD  Of Democracy  provide along with.since independence of India till date , MPs & MLAs are forcing projects on people against the wishes of people , formulating policies against the wishes of people. Are not such projects , government policies & Laws , undemocratic & illegal ?

5.                  is the election commission of India verifying the authenticity of affidavits submitted by electoral candidates ?

6.                  how many candidates have been caught so far for giving false affidavits ? are all the violators prosecuted?

7.                  are the MPs , MLAs submitting their wealth details on affidavits yearly to vigilance authorities ? defaulters , violators how many ?

8.                  what legal action taken against violators , defaulters , for giving false affidavits ?

9.                  who is checking the authenticity of those affidavits submitted by MPs , MLAs ?

10.              the agricultural incomes of some MPs , MLAs , their kih & kin raises even during the time of severe drought , floods , fall in prices of agricultural products , their companies register increase in turnover / profits even during recession , the trusts / NGOs set up by them receive huge donations. Are all these income legal ?

 Main  D :

1.                  we do once again offer  our conditional services to the government of india , all state governments & supreme court of india , in apprehending  tax evaders , land grabbers , corrupt police , corrupt judges , corrupt  public servants , labor law violators , etc. whom the the government officials , vigilance authorities have failed to apprehend. Why the authorities , courts , supreme court of India , are not ready  to utilize our service ? are they afraid of being caught ?

2.                  the public servants , courts theselves are delaying giving information / records to us in many cases. So in the issues / cases raised by us , the clause of time bar doe not apply. Are these delaying tactics of public servants , courts legal ?

3.                  why no proper , timely action was not taken based on numerous police complaints made by us ?

4.                  why DG & IGP , Government of Karnataka , has not made any efforts to seek legal sanction for prosecution of VVIPs ( mentioned in our complaint ) , from union & state home ministries ?

5.                  the criminal nexus is trying to silence me in many ways , but the supreme court of India & national human rights  commission  has failed to undo the injustices , why ? is it because it is not a high profile case  ? is it because it  is not hi-fi , does not get image ratings , TRPs ?

6.                  the public servants are aiding underworld , naxalites & terrorists , by their delaying tactics & denial of information , records. What action has been taken against such anti-national elements in public service ?

7.                  how many complaints are made by Nagaraj .M.R. , Human Rights Activist , Mysore (editor of SOS e-clarion of dalit & SOS e-voice for justice) to Karnataka police , to national human rights commission  to supreme court of India till date ? what action taken with respect to each complaint ?

8.                  the delay in taking action by public servants  with respect to following cases has resulted in  more crimes , destruction / manipulation of evidences , records  and more injustices to commonman. Why the authorities did not take timely action against criminals in following cases ?

SOS Appeal to SUPREME COURT of INDIA
http://e-clarionofdalit.blogspot.com/2010/08/s-o-s-appeal-to-supreme-…
DEALS IN COURTS  &  POLICE  STATIONS   READ :
http://sites.google.com/site/eclarionofdalit/satyameva-jayate  ,
http://e-clarionofdalit.blogspot.com/2011/01/satyameva-jayate.html  ,

ACCUSED Chief Justice of India
http://sites.google.com/site/eclarionofdalit/accused-chief-justice-of…
,
http://e-clarionofdalit.blogspot.com/2011/02/accused-chief-justice-of…

CROSS EXAM OF HONOURABLE CHIEF JUSTICE OF INDIA , SUPREME COURT OF
INDIA -
http://crosscji.blogspot.com/  ,
http://crossexamofchiefjustice.blogspot.com/  ,
http://crimesofsupremecourt.wordpress.com/  ,
http://crosscji.wordpress.com/  ,
http://crossexamofchiefjustice.wordpress.com/  ,
CROSS EXAM OF UNION HOME SECRETARY , GOI , NEW DELHI –
http://crosscji.blogspot.com/  ,
http://crossexamofchiefjustice.blogspot.com/  ,
http://crimesofsupremecourt.wordpress.com/  ,
http://crosscji.wordpress.com/  ,
http://crossexamofchiefjustice.wordpress.com/  ,
CROSS EXAM OF DG&IG OF POLICE , GOK , BANGALORE –
http://crosscji.blogspot.com/  ,
http://crossexamofchiefjustice.blogspot.com/  ,
http://crimesofsupremecourt.wordpress.com/  ,
http://crosscji.wordpress.com/  ,
http://crossexamofchiefjustice.wordpress.com/  ,
CROSS EXAM OF GOVERNOR , RESERVE BANK OF INDIA
http://theftinrbi.blogspot.com/  , http://theftinrbi.rediffblogs.com/
http://theftinrbi.wordpress.com/
CROSS EXAM OF MUDA COMMISSIONER , MUDA , MYSORE –
http://crimesofmuda.blogspot.com/  , http://manivannanmuda.blogspot.com/
http://crimesatmudamysore.wordpress.com/  ,
CROSS EXAM OF BDA COMMISSIONER , BDA , BANGALORE –
http://crimesofbda.blogspot.com/  , http://bdacrimes.wordpress.com/  ,
CORPORATE CRIMES RPG CABLES LIMITED
http://crimesatrpg.blogspot.com/  ,
http://crimesatrpg.wordpress.com/  ,
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/naghrw/message/218
MEGA FRAUD BY GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
http://megafraudbygoi.blogspot.com/  ,
http://megafraudbygoi.wordpress.com/  ,
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/naghrw/message/196
are you ready to catch tax thieves ?
http://megafraudbygoi.blogspot.com/  ,
http://megafraudbygoi.wordpress.com/  ,
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/naghrw/message/196
MOBILE PHONES , CURRENCY SCANDALS
http://megafraudbygoi.blogspot.com/  ,
http://megafraudbygoi.wordpress.com/  ,
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/naghrw/message/196
reliance industry where is accountability ?
http://megafraudbygoi.blogspot.com/  ,
http://megafraudbygoi.wordpress.com/  ,
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/naghrw/message/196
crimes at infosys campus
http://crimeatinfy.blogspot.com/  ,
http://crimeatinfy.wordpress.com/  ,
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/naghrw/message/214
crimes by B.D.A against a poor woman
http://crimesofbda.blogpot.com/  ,
http://bdacrimes.wordpress.com/  ,
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/naghrw/message/212
crimes of land mafia in India
http://landscamsinindia.blogspot.com/  ,
http://landscam.wordpress.com/   ,
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/naghrw/message/212
currency thefts in RBI Press
http://theftinrbi.blogspot.com/  ,
http://theftinrbi.wordpress.com/  ,
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/naghrw/message/80
killer colas & killer medicines of India
http://deathcola.blogpot.com/  ,
http://deathcola.wordpress.com/  ,
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/naghrw/message/201

HONOR OF INDIAN PALIAMENT FOR SALE

http://sites.google.com/site/eclarionofdalit/honor-of-indian-parliament-for-sale

Persecuted IROM SHARMILA of Puttaparthi AP – pushpa kolasani  on hunger strike in anantapur  district jail Andhra Pradesh

http://sites.google.com/site/eclarionofdalit/persecuted-irom-sharmila-of-puttaparthi-ap

9.                  how many judges are caught by authorities for doing improper , immoral & illegal acts , since independence till date ? what action taken in each case ?

10.              what action taken against copy cat judges caught red handed while copying in public examination in Andhra Pradesh ?

11.              have you reviewed all the previous judicial decisions  taken by such judges of doubtful integrity & honesty ?

12.              is it not the duty of government & supreme court of India , to protect  the fundamental rights & human rights of all Indian citizens ?

13.              why the government & supreme court of India has failed to protect the fundamental rights & human rights of  me  & those mentioned in my complaint ?

14.              how many former CJIs  ,  supreme court & high court judges have disproportionate wealth ?

15.              Your denial of information to my previous RTI requests  amounts to suppression of evidence , hiding crimes , what action against erring public servants ?

16.              why my previous RTI requests or part  there of was not transferred to appropriate authorities and information given to me in a consolidated form ?

 

Main   E  :

Q1. Why not death sentence to corrupt police who murder people in in lock-up / fake encounters ?

Q2. Why not death sentence to corrupt police who apply 3rd degree torture on prisoners ?

Q3. Why not death sentence to corrupt police , who connive with criminals & backstabs our motherland , it’s national security ?

Q4. Don’t the police have suo-motto powers to take action in the interest of public welfare , law & order ?

Q5. Daily we see numerous reports of misdeeds by police , public servants , industrialists , etc in the media . Then why not police taking any action with respect to them ?

Q6. nowadays we see numerous reports of scams , scandals by constitutional functionaries , public servants in the media. Instead of wasting money , killing time by prolonging formation of parliamentary committees , judicial commissions , why not subject those accussed public servants to narco analysis , lie deector test , etc to ascertain truth & provide timely justice ?
Q7. If a commonman files a complaint , police / courts wants evidences , witnesses to take action against the rich & mighty crooks. Where as if a rich person just gives a complaint against a poor chap , he is arrested , tortured eventhough there are no evidences , witnesses. Why this double standard ?
Q8. If a poor chap tries to collect evidences as per his fundamental rights or as per RTI ACT , the public servants don’t give full , truthfull information. Still , police / courts don’t take action against those public servants hiding crimes. Why ?
Q9.why I was not permitted to appear as an “amicus curie” before jain commission of enquiry or supreme court of india probing late prime minister rajiv Gandhi assassination case ?
Q10. The criminal nexus tried to silence me , by closing my news paper , by snatching away my job oppurtunities in government service, by physically assaulting me , by threatening me of false fix-ups in cases & by attempts to murder me. But no action against culprits , why ?
Q11. Whereas , I was enquired number of times by police & intelligence personnel about this case , but the culprits were not enquired even once , why ?
Q12.who compensates the losses I have suffered due to these injustices ? are not police responsible for it ?
Q13. Is it not the duty of police to protect the lives , livelihood of witnesses & all parties involved , both during case & afterwards ?
Q14. How do you monitor & check corrupt police personnel & increase in their family’s wealth year after year ?
Q15. While getting appointed into government service from the rank of peon to IAS officer , police verification is mandatory. While appointing to sensitive defense establishments , research institutes in addition to police verification , central intelligence agencies cross-check candidate’s background. However is there no background checks of constitutional functionaries , MPs , MLAs , , who are privy to national secrets ? why ?
Q16. Recently , the opposition parties have made allegations during presidential allegations that close relative of one of the front running candidates have swindled public money by their bank , misused public money through one of their NGO. Is it true ?
Q17.has GOI funded any terrorist outfits in india or abroad ?
Q18.india preaches non-violence , panchasheel principles to the world. In india , more than half the population are poor , people are starving to death. Inspite these background , GOI funded & aided terrorist outfits in former east Pakistan ensuring the creation of Bangladesh , GOI has funded & aided terrorist outfits like LTTE , TULF , ETC in srilanka , MQM in Pakistan. In turn these terrorist outfits have murdered thousands of innocents in those countries. Are these acts of GOI just & legal ? Is not GOI responsible for all those murders of innocents ? has GOI paid any compensation to those victims or their family mebers ? why not ?
Q19.within india , to reduce the influence of certain terrorist groups , GOI has funded & aided couter terrorist groups , is it right & legal ?
Q20. In Jharkhand , chattisgarh , etc , the government has armed , trained & funded “salwa judum” to counter naxalites. Salwa judum cadres are terrorizing innocents just like naxalites. Is this action of government just & legal ?
Q21.in india, TADA , POTA is being rampantly misused by police. Even where there are no problems of terrorism , TADA / POTA is being slapped against innocents , even children. In M.M.Hills of Karnataka state , STF personnel charged tribal people with TADA on frivolous charges of taking lunch to veerappan , stiching dress for the forest brigand, etc. where as the prominent political, film , sports personalities who have links with underworld , anti national elements & attended parties hosted by dawood Ibrahim , other dons in gulf countries , else where. But these hi-fi people are not charged with TADA / POTA ? why ?
Q22. Film actor sanjay dutt had contacts with underworld & fully knowing well the criminal objectives of criminals , hid the dangerous arms & ammunition in his home , which were intended for terrorizing public. However mr.dutt is not charged with TADA / POTA instead he is charged with illegal possession of arms act ( which is normally applied to farmers who use illegal home made guns to scare away animals , birds in their farms ). Why this favourable treatment of mr.dutt by police ? prosecution ? is this because dutt is politically mighty & rich ?
Q23. Law is one & same for all , the public servants, police interpretes , enforces it differentially between rich & poor ? why this differentiation ?
Q24.recently in Bangalore police nabbed criminals belonging to international criminal syndicate selling duplicate nokia mobiles. Every nokia mobile comes with 15 digit IMEI number , this number is also used by police for tracking criminals. In consumer dispute at consumer disputes redressal forum Mysore CD 49/05 , nokia company stated that all it’s products come with IMEI number only & stated that the product in dispute sold by tata indicom dealer M/S INTOTO COMMUNICATIONS , Mysore are not their’s as it doesn’t have IMEI numbers. Further nokia stated they don’t have any business relationship with either tata indicom or it’s dealer. However the tata indicom dealer stated that indeed his products are genuine , first hand products , but doesn’t have IMEI numbers . this proves the dealer in collusion with tata company is selling illegal nokia mobile hand sets & cheating the public. These mobiles are evading taxes , as well as these are without IMEI numbers best buy for criminal elements who want to evade police tracking. What police are doing
Q25. Who , of which rank among police personnel takes the decision to close a case ie to file “B” report , when after certain time limit no leads are found in investigation ?
Q26. How do you monitor corrupt police personnel , who purposefully fail to investigate case properly , so that either the case can be closed with “B” report or the prosecution fails to prove the case in court ?
Q27. Who among police takes the decision to appeal against the verdict of a lower court , when the prosecution fails ?
Q28. Who took the decision , not to appeal against the argentina court order acquitting mr.quatrochi accussed in bofors scandal ?
Q29. Do you treat all the prison convicts same in the prison or does the notorious big time rich criminals get spacious barracks with tv, news paper , adequate food , medical care , etc while small time criminals , poor are crammed into pig sty like rooms with 60-70 inmates without any basic requirements ?
Q30. What is the status of my complaint made to the DG & IG of police , government of Karnataka on 10/12/2004 ? the copies of complaint was released at press meet at patrakartara bhavan Mysore on same day, even copies were given to police & intelligence personnel ?
Q31. Why no action , reply regarding the complaint till date ?
Q32. Our constitutional frame workers gave legal immunity privileges to certain constitutional functionaries , so that they are not burdened with frivolous court cases & can concentrate on their constitutional duties. But these privileges doesn’t cover the individual actions of those public servants like rape , murder , dowry harassment , tax evasion , misuse of office , etc. but still law enforcement / police department is bound to send request to home ministry seeking permission & home ministry sits over files for months. This gives the accussed ample time to destroy evidences. Is it right & legal ?
Q33. Does legal immunity privileges cover their official actions alone ? if not what does it cover ?
Q34. What is the time limit for home ministry to give sanction for the prosecution of tainted constitutional functionaries ?
Q35. How many present MPs , MLAs , MUNICIAPAL CORPORATORS , other people’s representatives are facing criminal charges ?
Q36. In the past , how many MPs , MLAs , corporators were facing criminal charges , yearwise since 1987 ? how many of them were eventually convicted ?
Q37. How many MPs , MLAs , prominent film , sports personalities have have contacts with underworld , foreign intelligence agencies ?
Q38. How many of them have attended frequent parties hosted by underworld dons in gulf countries , else where ?
Q39. How many MP , MLA , other people’s representatives are wanted by police in various cases . but shown in the police records as absconding but in reality are attending the proceedings of the house as usual ?
Q40. When did smt. Sonia Gandhi became a citizen of india ? did she occupy any public office before naturalization ?
Q41. In india , how many MPs , MLAs , MLCs are of foreign origin or have a spouse of foreign origin ?
Q42. Does smt. Sonia Gandhi have citizenship of any other country ?
Q43. Did she occupy any public office while enjoying dual citizenship ?
Q44. How do you monitor public servants who have spouses of foreign origin & while they are on foreign tour , from national security perspective ?
Q45. Is mr. M.S SUBBA member of parliament a citizen of india ?
Q46. What is the status of complaint made by former union minister mr.subramanya swamy alleging that late P.M rajiv gandhi’s family received money from foreign intelligence agencies ?
Q47. In many cases like mass riots involving certain political parties , when that culprit party comes to power all the cases involving it’s partymen are withdrawn by the government orelse prosecution fails to prove it’s case & prefers not to appeal. Just remember Bombay riot case involving shiv sainiks & others , when shiv sena – BJP came to power in Maharashtra , all the cases against it’s partymen were withdrawn. Are these type of decisions by government just & legal ?
Q48.what damages has been done to india’s national security due to mole in the PMO, as alleged by former union minister mr.natwar singh ?
Q49. What action by the government ?
Q50. How many Indians are in the custody of police / military in various foreign countries ?
Q51. How many foreigners are there in Indian prisons ?
Q52. How GOI is protecting the human rights of these prisoners ?
Q53. Is the government paying any compensation to victims of police failures , fix-ups , , who suffer in jail for years & acquitted by courts upon finding them as not guilty ?
Q54. Do you register murder charges / attempt to murder charges against guilty police officers who are responsible for lock-up deaths , fake encounters & 3rd degree torture ?
Q55. How many cases has been filed since 1987 till date ?
Q56. What action has been taken against guilty police officers , STF personnel who were responsible for gross human rights violations , 3rddegree torture , lock-up deaths of innocents in forest brigand veerappan’s territory , based on justice A.J.Sadashiva commission findings ? if not why ?
Q57. I , as a citizen of india as my “fundamental duty” hereby do offer my conditional services to GOI & GOK to apprehend corrupt public servants. Are you ready to utilize my services ?
Q58. Police personnel are always in the forefront of containing crimes , mass fury , riots , etc. they suffer more & even their family members suffer threats from the criminal elements. Do the government provide insurance coverage to police & their family members on the lines of defense forces ?
Q59. What is the amount of coverage to a police constable & his family ?
Q60. Who makes the premium contributions ?
Q61. Do the government provide overtime allowance , food allowance to police who daily work beyond 8 hours of duty ?
Q62. Is the government giving any training to police personnel in public interaction , human rights ?
Q63. Is it right to post professionally trained police to sentry , orderly duties of ministers ?
Q64. What is the ratio of police personnel to total population in india since 1987 ?
Q65. IS THE GOVERNMENT GIVING ADEQUATE FOOD, MEDICAL CARE , CLOTHING , LIVING SPACE TO PRISON INMATES , AS REQUIRED BY A NORMAL HUMAN EING ACCORDING TO W.H.O NORMS ?
Q66. Is the forensic science department which conducts narcfo-analysis , lie-detector test , etc under the control of police department ?
Q67. Is it not right to put it under impartial control of NHRC or like bodies ?
Q68. Is the action of some police officers arranging compromise meetings & subtly insisting the poor to tow the line of rich or else face the consequences , is it right & legal ? this happens mostly in real estate matters.
Q69. Did government make any ransom payments to forest brigand veerappan during his various kidnappings ?
Q70. What action has been taken based on revealations by karim telgi during narco analysis about public servants involvement ?
Q71. How many cases of allegations against judges were made in the media about misuse of office , criminal acts by judges from munsiff court to supreme court of India ? since 1947 till date
Q72. are the enquiry report findings, action taken reports of such cases accessible to public ? if not why ?
Q73. what action has been taken against guilty judges ?
Q74. are the guilty judges legally prosecuted in all such cases ? or has it just ended with their resignation from services or his superior judge not allotting him any judicial work ?
Q75. why some high ranking judges are not legally prosecuted for their wrong doings ?
Q76. are judges above law ? are not everybody equal before law ?
Q77. do the judiciary subject , all the cases handled by accussed / tainted , guilty judges to review , to undo past unjust judgements ?
Q78. how ? if not why ?
Q79. how do the judiciary monitor the net wealth growth of some judges including the wealth in the name of judge’s family members ?
Q80. do all the judges file their annual income , wealth statements on sworn affidavits to the higher judiciary ? defaulters how many ?
Q81. how does the judiciary verifies those statements ?
Q82. is such statements made public , on web ?
Q83. when the judgement of a lower court is turned down by the higher court , what action is initiated against lower court judge for making unjust judgement & meating out injustice ?
Q84. when allegations of corruption , misuse of office , etc against judges are made , why the accussed – judges are not subjected to tests like “poly graph , lie detector , brain mapping , etc” , in the interest of justice & truth ?
Q85. judges are not employees of government , so they are ineligible to be the members of “Karnataka state government judicial department house building co-operative society”. Then how come , many judges including supreme court judges are admitted as members of this society & allotted prime residential site worth crores of rupees for a few thousands by the said society at said society’s – judicial layout , yelahanka , Bangalore ? while the ordinary members like peons , clerks in judicial department are waiting for a site since years , is not the whole thing grossly illegal ?
Q86. in more than 70% of cases before all courts in India , central government or state government or government agency is one of the parties. How many judges or their family members , have received out of turn , favourable allotments of sites , gas agency , petrol pumps , etc by the government ? is not such allotments illegal ? what action ?
Q87. when a person under police custody or judicial custody suffer 3rd degree torture by police , is not the judge of the respective court which is handling that tortured person’s case responsible for it ?
Q88. has the higher judiciary legally prosecuted respective judges & the police officers for committing 3rd degree torture , on charges of attempt to murder & murder ? if not why ?
Q89. registrar , Mysore district & sessions court , has called for the candidatures to various vacancies in that court from the public vide notification no : ADMN/A/10825/2003 dated 19/11/2003. Please furnish me the merit ranking list of selected candidates along with my merit ranking for the post of peon.
Q90. registrar , Bangalore city civil court , has called for the candidatures to various vacancies in that court from the public vide notification no : ADM-I(A)422/03 dated 19/05/2003. Please furnish me merit ranking list of selected candidates for the post of peon.
Q91. when a person doesn’t get adequate food , medical care while under police custody or judicial custody , is not the respective judge dealing that person’s case responsible for it ? what action ?
Q92. how judiciary is monitoring food & medical care to prisoners ?
Q93. numerous accussed persons are suffering in jail under judicial custody , for periods far exceeding the legally stipulated sentence periods. For example : a pick-pocketer is in jail for one year , the judge finds him guilty of offence & gives him 3 months sentence. What about the excess punishment of 9 months. Is not the judge responsible for the illegal , excess punishment of the convict ? what action against the judge in such cases ?
Q94. numerous innocents suffer in jail for years & finally the judge finds them as innocents & acquits them of the charges. What about the prison sentence , the innocent has already served ? is not the judge responsible for this illegal , unjust punishment to an innocent ? remedy ? what action against the judge ?
Q95. does the privileges of judges cover both their official actions & the actions arising out of misuse of office ?
Q96. does the privileges of judges cover both their official actions as judges & their personal actions as individuals ?
Q97. are the fundamental rights of citizens supreme or the privileges of judges , constitutional functionaries supreme ?
Q98. what is the criteria adopted for promotion of judges ?
Q99. what is the criteria adopted for appointment of advocates from bar , as the judges ?
Q100. what is the criteria adopted for appointment of retired judges , as governors of states , members or as chairman of commissions , etc ?
Q101. how many judges belonging to oppressed classes – scheduled caste , scheduled tribe , other backward classes , minorities & women are their in supreme court , state high courts & subordinate courts ? kindly provide specific figures .
Q102. what are the legal measures enforced by judiciary , to enforce the accountability of judges & to check corruption in judiciary ?
Q103. are not these measures a failure , looking at present state of affairs of judiciary ?
Q104. does the judges arrange for distribution of alchoholic drinks at the official meetings , parties , at the tax payer’s expense ?
Q105. does any judges have included their consumption of alchoholic drinks , in their hotel bill & claimed traveling allowance ?
Q106. what action has been taken against – selectors ie Karnataka high court judges & newly selected women judges involved in roost resort scandal in Mysore , Karnataka ?
Q107. when common people / tax payers & even government employees are not getting proper health care from government at government hospitals. Is it right & just to provide premium health care to judges , constitutional functionaries at 5-star private hospitals in India , abroad , all at tax payer’s expense ?
Q108. are the judges subjected to periodical health check-ups to ascertain their health , mental faculties & mental balance in the midst of all work pressures , emotional tensions ?
Q109. what is the criteria adopted by judiciary for accepting applications seeking public interest litigations ?
Q110. why numerous appeals for PIL by me , were not considered ?
Q111. what is the criteria adopted by judiciary , for appointing “amicus curie” in a case ?
Q112. why my appeal to honourable supreme court , to make me as an “amicus curie” in late P.M Rajiv Gandhi’s assassination case , was not considered by the court ?
Q113. what is the criteria adopted by judiciary , for initiating suo-motto action ?
Q114. numerous cases of injustices are reported in the media daily , with supporting evidences . why not the judiciary take suo-motto action in all such cases ?
Q115. legal aid boards pre-judge the cases in the name of taking legal opinion , before providing legal aid to the needy ? is it not needy person’s rights violation ?
Q116. is not the safety of witnesses , parties in cases responsibility of the court , both during hearing of the case & afterwards ?
Q117. is the use of 3rd degree torture by police on prisoners , during the police custody / judicial custody / prison sentence right ? what action ?
Q118. when the corrupt police officer & government prosecution advocate together cover-up evidences , conducts improper investigation intentionally to fail the case – to cover-up rich crooks , high & mighty people , what action judge takes in such cases ?
Q119. how does the judiciary monitor the wealth growth of police , government advoctes , tax officials , officials of licensing authorities , to ensure proper & fair prosecution of cases against rich & mighty ?
Q120. what are the status of appeals made by human rights activist NAGARAJ.M.R. to the honourable supreme court of India ?
Q121. corruption is rampant for selection of officers to quasi-judicial positions like district / taluk magistrates , tax officers , revenue officers , land acquisition officers , etc. how the judiciary monitors over their quasi-judicial actions ?
Q122. subject to conditions , I , NAGARAJ.M.R. , editor , e-voice of human rights watch , do offer my free services to honourable supreme court of India , to apprehend corrupt judges , are you – the honourable court ready to utilize it ?
Q123. what are the status of my appeals , sent to the honourable supreme court of India , through government of india’s on-line grievance system ( DPG & DARPG ) :
DPG/M/2006/80008 , DARPG/E/2006/00057, DARPG/E/2006/00225 , DPG/M/2006/80021 , DARPG/E/2006/00253 , DPG/M/2006/80032 , DARPG/E/2006/01149 , DPG/M/2006/80047 , DARPG/E/2006/01164 , DPG/M/2006/80043 , DPG/M/2006/80085 , DARPG/E/2006/06704 , DARPG/E/2006/07017 , DARPG/E/2006/07018 , DPG/M/2006/80159 , DPG/M/2006/80162 , DARPG/E/2006/07864 , DPG/M/2006/80165 , DARPG/E/2006/07877 , DPG/M/2006/80167 , DARPG/E/2006/08028 , DARPG/E/2006/08029 , DARPG/E/2006/08032 , DARPG/E/2006/08043 , DARPG/E/2006/08044 , DPG/M/2006/80174 , DPG/M/2006/80193 , DARPG/E/2007/00044 , DPG/M/2007/80003 , DPG/M/2007/80010 , DARPG/E/2007/00164 , DARPG/E/2007/00165 , DPG/M/2007/80014 , DPG/M/2007/80025 , DPG/M/2007/80049 , DPG/M/2007/80055 , DPG/M/2007/80056 , DPG/M/2007/80078 , DPG/M/2007/80082 , DARPG/E/2007/02618
Q124. the appeals made to the honourable supreme court of India , copies of which are available at following web pages
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/naghrw/message/182 ,
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/naghrw/message/206 ,
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/naghrw/message/208 ,
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/naghrw/message/212 ,
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/naghrw/message/209 ,
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/naghrw
what are the status of those appeals ?
Q125. in the media , we have seen reports about judges committing crimes – rape , attempt to murder , swindling government money , untouchability practice , the disrespect to national flag , sale of judicial orders , bail , receipt of monetary gains by way of royalty for books , prime real estate purchase at discounted rate , taking round about long foreign tours along with family in the name of official work , etc. by this way , judges themselves are making contempt of court , constitution of India & citizens of India. How you are protecting the honour of the judiciary , constitution of India & citizens of India ? please answer.
Q126. Is the government giving any facilities / affirmative actions to policemen’s family as being given to defense personnel , ex-servicemen & their families , like preferential site allotment , lpg agency , ration depot , reservation in college admission , soft bank loans , etc ?
Q126. if not , why ? after all , the contribution of police to national security is on par with defense forces.
Q127. is not some high police officials addressing their subordinates in singular term , abusing them with vulgar words wrong ?
Q128. is not some police personnel calling public with singular term, abusing public with vulgar words wrong ?
Q129. is it not the duty of prison authorities to protect the health, lives of prison in-mates ?
Q130.what action is taken against police personnel who wrongly charged an innocent person of criminal acts , resulting in his confinement in jail , finally acquitted by court as found to be innocent ?
Q131. is it not right to with hold salary , gratuity , pension to such guilty police personnel & pay it as compensation to victims of police failures & atrocities ?
Q132. does our Indian constitution legally permit a citizen of foreign origin naturalized by marriage to an Indian or naturalized by option , to occupy any constitutional office ?
Q133. during british rule in india & various other british colonies , criminal cases were foisted against our freedom fighters in India & other british colonies. After india’s independence what happened to those cases ? did our Indian government close all such cases or did it continue with the prosecution ?
Q134. in how many cases GOI & other state government continued with the prosecution AGAINST OUR FREEDOM FIGHTERS ? why ?
Q135. what about the status of cases against shri.netaji subash Chandra bose ?
Q136. has GOI deported any freedom fighters to Britain or it’s colonies , to face prosecution after India gained independence ? HAS GOI RECEIVED ANY REQUEST FROM BRITAIN TO THAT EFFECT ? if yes , why , whom ?
Q.137. the honourable supreme court of India failed provide information to me as per my RTI request appeal no : 91 / 2007 in response to your letter no : F1 / RTI / A.91 / 2007 dt 13.12.07 , why ?
Q138 . the honourable union home secretary failed to give me information as per my rti request , he transferred my application to others , in turn they transferred the application to some others. Finally , complete truthful information was not given , why ? as the union home secretary has got copies of all those replies in response to transferred RTI application , will he send me a consolidated reply to my present RTI request ?
Q139. in a high profile case before the honourable delhi high court , we have seen how defense advocate mr. R.S.ANAND & prosecution advocate mr. I.U.KHAN made a secret pact to win the case in favour of rich criminal , totally manipulating prosecution witnesses , evidences & prosecution stand , totally making mockery of justice system . how you are ensuring the delivery of justice , there being numerous such advocates in practice ?
Q140. Smt. Sonia Gandhi is person of foreign origin , she wields enormous clout more than the Prime Minister himself over the government of India being the chair person of UPA. Is she legally permitted to summon confidential official records , minutes of the cabinet , to hold the cabinet meeting of union ministers ?
Q141. As per law , is she permitted to hold constitutional offices like prime minister of India or president of India , etc ?
Q.142. What are the fundamental rights of a citizen guaranteed under the constitution (Article 21) ?

Q143. What are the privileges conferred on legislators & parliamentarians by the constitution of India?

a) Inside the House b) Outside the House

Q144. What are privileges conferred on constitutional functionaries, like

a) President of India b) Prime Minister of India

c) Chief Justice of India d) Chairman of NHRC

e) Central Vigilance Commissioners.

Q145. Are the privileges legal immunity conferred on above mentioned constitutional functionaries ?

a) Cover all their official actions irrespective of merit.

b) Cover both their official & personal actions.

Q146. Are the privileges defined & codified ?

Q147. Are these privileges above freedom of the press ?

Q148. Are the liberty & fundamental rights of the citizens guaranteed by the constitution, above the privileges of the constitutional functionaries or equal or below ?

Q149. Can the Indian legislatures & parliament be equated to the House of commons in England which is considered to be a superior court and court of records ?

Q150. Can the division of powers, namely the legislature, the executive and the Judiciary, be equated to the functioning of the House of commons and House of Lords in England ?

Q151. Can a citizen be said to have committed breach of privilege of the House or court and causing contempt of the house or court by raising the issues of accountability of constitutional functionaries ?

Q152. Can a Legislature or Parliament enact a new law, to circumvent or to nullify the Judicial orders with respect to wrongdoings by peoples representatives & executive ? does not it amount to infringement of Judicial powers & contempt of the court by the House.

Q153. Are the FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES of a citizen more important than constitutional duties of a constitutional functionary or equal in importance to it ?

Q154. Can a constitutional functionary commit crimes, anti-national activities in the name of constitutional duties, behind the legal veil of official’s secret act & go unaccountable for his actions and go unpunished by his legal immunity privileges

Q155. Are the Legislators members of parliament, High court & Supreme court Judges and other constitutional functionaries not willing to codify their privileges for the reason that if codified their privileges would be curtailed and their action would be subjected to legal scrutiny. ?

Q156. By votes of citizens Legislators and parliamentarians get seats in the legislature and Parliament out of tax payer’s money, they get their pay, perks & lead 5-Star luxurious lifestyles. Hence whether a vote of a citizen is above (More valid) or a seat of legislator or parliamentarian is above or more valid in a democracy ?

Q157. Judges & Constitutional functionaries are indirectly appointed by voters / tax payers. Out of tax payers money, they get their pay, perks & lead 5-star luxurious lifestyles. Hence, whether the vote of a citizen, fundamental duties of a tax payer is above (more valid) or a seat of judge / constitutional functionary is above (more
valid) in a democracy ?

Q158. If there is a vacuum in the Legislature or parliament, who is to fill up that vacuum till such time that the legislature or parliament acts provide a solution by performing its role by enacting proper legislation to cover the field (vacuum) ?

Q159. While it is an unhealthy practice for a Judge to claim to be a Judge in his own cause, is it not worse for the members of the legislature and parliament to be judges in their own cause ?

Q160. Are the Technicalities of the case more important to a judge or Justice to a citizen, protection of fundamental rights of citizen.?

Q161. Why not the constitutional functionaries initiate suo moto action with respect to numerous cases of injustices reported in Media ?

Q162. Why not the Judges admit various cases of Injustices affecting public, as the Public Interest Litigation” ? In some cases, the Public or the person representing them is unable to afford the high cost of the case. Why not free legal aid is given ?.

Q163. What is the criteria for admitting a P.I.L. & giving free legal aid ?

Q164. Communication – free flow of information is the lifeline of a democracy. Why the constitutional functionaries are not honouring the Right to Information of Citizens ?
Q165. Recently , while assuming office as honourable chief justice of Karnataka , justice. P.D.DINAKAR , gave a blanket withdrawal of all internal departmental enquiries against approximately 200 judges , is it just & legal ? give me the names of accused judges & description of charges against them ?
Q166. does it not show that judges are more equal than others ?
Q167. who are involved in PF scam ? what action against guilty judges ?
Q168. Why you did not give information to me as per RTI Act inspite of appeal ? refer. F1/RTI/A91/2007.
Q169. Almost a year ago , in the Karnataka state new chief justice of Karnataka high court honble Mr.Dinakar (now elevated to supreme court of India) just on assuming offices within hours scrapped disciplinary inquiry proceedings against 200+ erring judges. In such a short time no human being can study all the cases in detail , then how come he arrived at this vital decision in such short time? Who are those 200+ judges facing enquiry ?
Q170 .Recently in the Karnataka state , high court found out that a district judge without conducting hearings properly , entering fictious dates of hearings (which happens to be government holidays ) facilitated in exonerating a top politician . has the court enquired into the previous judgements of the accussed judge ? did it find any wrongdoings?
Q171. As per law , while on duty a person should not be drunk , under the influence of alchohol , as it limits the functioning of his senses & brain. That is why the acts & sayings of drunkards , committed / said when they are drunk are not taken seriously. However most of the police officers after evening hours are drunk , in that state only they apprehend many suspects & produce those suspects at the residences of magistrates before magistrate during wee hours / night. Some of of the judges are also drunk during that time. Does the senses of drunken police & judges work properly to do their respective duties in identifying criminals , apprehending them & to issue judicial orders. Are these actions of police & judges in drunken state legal ?

Q 172 . What action  has been taken in bhopal gas leak case against the guilty police officials who changed the charge sheet against union carbide officials ?

Q 173 . What action has been taken against guilty police officials , district magistrate , state ministers & central ministers who fully aided the criminals – Union Carbide official  Mr. Anderson to escape law , to jump bail  & flee the country without court’s permission ?

Q 174 . What action has been taken against the above said guilty with respect to their contempt of court  & for aiding a criminal to escape ?

Q 175. What action has been taken against the chief justice of India , who changed the legal clause under which the guilty should be tried ?  what action has been taken against the CJI who  became an official of the  trust belonging to the criminal ?

Q 176 . What action has been taken against the Indian Public servant who decided to withdraw cases from US Courts with respect to Bhopal gas tragedy ?

Q 177 . What action has been taken against the state labour department & pollution control board officials who have failed in their duties , inspite of earlier warnings by journalists ?

Q 178 . What action has been taken against state cabinet ministers who decided the quantum of compensation money to favour the criminal although they don’t have right to do so ?

Q 179 . What action has been taken against Presiding Judge of the trial court , Chief Justice of India , state police officials , public prosecutors & Central Bureau of Investigation officials who kept quite all along and didn’t  press for the extradition of the criminal Mr.Anderson , for  producing the criminal accussed no.1 before the trial court ?

Q 180 . Is it not SHAMEFUL for the judiciary , police , government officials & people’s representatives who became part of Operation Crime Hush Up & aided criminals responsible for ghastly murders of  thousands & maiming of lakhs of hapless public in Bhopal Gas Leak Tragedy?

Q 181 . Are these Corrupt Police , corrupt judges , corrupt ministers , corrupt  labour / pollution control board officials  HUMAN BEINGS ?
Q  182    Why  police are  not registering my complaint   against  CJI & other VVIPS ,Even after years ?
Q   183   don’t the  police of vijayanagar police station mysore have legal  jurisdiction  to register  the case  against these VVIPs ? or  just  because the criminals happens to be VVIPs  ,they  are  not booked  by police? If the  said  police don’t have  legal jurisdiction to book  these VVIPs , they should have  transferred the complaint  to  those authorities who have jurisdiction &   authority to book  & prosecute   these  VVIPs , but not done  so , why ?
Q  184  are not all these actions , of  VVIPs & police amounting to  cover up of crimes & criminals ? are  not  these cover ups itself is a crime ?
Q  185.  Even an appeal for justice by post card must be treated as PIL by courts of justice . however my appeals  for justice  concerning public welfare , national security  sent  through  post , e-mail  to supreme court of india are not admitted as Public interest litigation , why ?  does  not these acts of Supreme court amount to aiding criminals , anti nationals?
Q 186   Are not  the honourable chief justice of india  together  with the jurisdictional police & Revenue district magistrate  responsible  to protect  the  fundamental & human rights  of people ?  why the CJI , Mysore DC & Jurisdictional Police  have failed to protect the fundamental & human rights of  people  including mine ? For all the previous injustices I have suffered at the hands of the criminal nexus  Honourable CJI , Mysore revenue district magistrate & jurisdictional police  are  together responsible , if anything untoward happens to me or to my family members or to my dependents the quartet  – Honourable Chief Justice of India , Honourable District Magistrate , Mysore , Honourable Police Commissioner of Mysore city & Circle Inspector of police , vijayanagar police station  , mysore  will be responsible .

These corrupt  parasites will feel  , understand the pain only when they also suffer in the same manner. Let us pray to almighty – In  whose  Court of justice  MATCH FIXING is not there & every body is equal , let us pray to that god to give these corrupt parasites ghastly deaths nothing less nothing more.

  YEAR TO WHICH ABOVE PERTAINS : MAJORITY OF DOCUMENTS PERTAINS TO YEAR 1995-2015 .

 PUBLIC INFORMATION OFFICER  WHO FAILED  TO GIVE FULL INFORMATION:

CPIO , SUPREME  COURT OF INDIA , NEW DELHI.

 FEES PAID : IPO  16G  733465  for rupees  TWENTY  only

 

 DATE :  28.03.2015 ……………..………………………NAGARAJA.M.R.

 

 PLACE : MYSORE , INDIA….. ……………………….( APPLICANT)

 

 

Edited, printed , published owned by NAGARAJA.M.R. @ # LIG-2  No  761,HUDCO FIRST STAGE ,

OPP WATER WORKS , LAXMIKANTANAGAR , HEBBAL ,MYSURU – 570017  KARNATAKA  INDIA

 

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